- Slides: 41
What are landforms? • Landforms are the natural shapes or features. • There are many different types of landforms found on the earth.
mountain A mountain is a place on Earth’s surface that is much higher than the land around it.
mountain range a long chain of mountains; a row of connected mountains
hill A hill is land that rises above the land around it. A hill has a rounded top.
volcano a cone shaped mountain formed out of rock or ash thrown up from inside the earth, frequently with an opening or depression at the top
basin an area of land largely enclosed by higher land.
valley A valley is a lowland area between higher lands such as mountains.
canyon A canyon is a deep valley with very steep sides.
plain A plain is a flat area on Earth’s surface.
plateau A plateau is a flat area higher than the land around it.
lake A lake is water that is completely surrounded by land.
coast A coast is the area where the ocean touches the land.
continental shelf plateau of land surface into the ocean but underwater
peninsula piece of land that extends into a body of water and is surrounded on three sides by water
isthmus narrow strip of land with water on both sides connecting two larger pieces of land
strait a narrow waterway connecting two larger bodies of water
cliff a high, steep slope of rock or soil
land built up by deposits of sand silt at the mouth of some rivers delta
fjord a narrow inlet of the sea between high banks or cliffs created by glaciers
a curved or hooked piece of land extending into a body of water cape
part of a sea or ocean that reaches into land; usually larger than a bay gulf
bay part of a body of salt water that reaches into the land; usually smaller than a gulf
island An island is land that is completely surrounded by water.
archipelago a group of many islands
OTROS TÉRMINOS GEOGRÁFICOS
ocean Oceans are the largest bodies of water on earth.
sea a large body of water, usually salt water, partly or completely surrounded by land
river A river is a long flowing body of water.
the place where a river or stream begins source
waterfall place where running water makes a sheer drop, usually over a cliff
a river or stream that flows into a larger river or stream branch
mouth place where a river empties into a larger body of water; the end of a river
altitude the height above sea level
a man-made waterway connecting two bodies of water and is designed to shorten travel time or irrigate canal
one of the six largest bodies of land on earth
a large body of slow moving ice which alters the land around it through displacement glacier
hemisphere half of the earth usually referred to as eastern or western; northern or southern
iceberg a large mass of floating ice that has broken off from a glacier, most of this is underwater