- Slides: 116
United States Civil War Causes and Events of war
Compromise of 1850 Ellen Rider
Points At Issue • United States recently gained new territory. Slave or free states? • Washington D. C. had the largest slave market in North America. • Texas claimed that its territory extended all the way to Santa Fe. http: //www. historyisgroovy. com/STUDY_GUIDES/vis/1820_1877/1850 map_lg. jpg
Henry Clay Introduces the Compromise http: //www. ushistory. org/us/images/00000520. jpg
The Compromise • Texas would give up extra land for 10 million dollars. • New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah. Territories would be made free or slave states by the inhabitants when applying for statehood. • Slave trade would be abolished in D. C. • California would be admitted as a free state • The Fugitive Slave Act was passed.
The Fugitive Slave Act • Required citizens to assist in the recovery of fugitive slaves. • Denied a fugitive’s rights to a jury trial. • More federal officials to enforce the law.
Works Cited • http: //www. historyisgroovy. com/STUDY_GUIDES/vis/1820_1877/1850 m ap_lg. jpg • http: //www. pbs. org/wgbh/aia/part 4/4 p 2951. html • http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1 b/Slave_kidnap _post_1851_boston. jpg/250 px-Slave_kidnap_post_1851_boston. jpg
The Underground Railroad
What was the Underground Railroad? • The underground rail road was not actually underground, but simply a small group of people who attempted to move enslaved individuals escaping from slavery to and from safe places in a quick and secretive manner. • Most widespread during the three decades prior to the Civil War and primarily took place in the regions bordering slave states.
• Started By Quakers • Code names for places and people were used to ensure that it remained a secret. • Participation was illegal • Fugitive Slave Acts as early as 1793 that allowed slave catchers to come north and force runaways back into slavery
Important People involved in the Underground Railroad • Henry 'Box' Brown • Robert Smalls • Harriet Tubman
Citations • http: //www. myhero. com/images/guest/g 202782/ hero 47742/g 202782_u 53245_moses. jpg • http: //www. kingtisdell. org/Smalls. jpg • http: //thespiritofniagara. com/images/slides/under ground-railroad/underground-railroad-002. jpg • http: //www. freedomcenter. org/undergroundrailroad/history/people/Henry-Brown/ • http: //www. slaveryinamerica. org/images/ugrr_18 60. jpg • http: //www. freedomcenter. org/
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Emily Hrabovsky
Background • Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe between 1850 and 1852 • First appeared in the National Era, and antislavery newspaper, in 1851 • Did not attract interest until it was published as a novel in 1852 • Sold over 500, 000 copies in the US within the first 5 years
What Was It? • Novel based off of accounts of runaway slaves she heard about and gathered while visiting Kentucky • Stowe was an abolitionist that wanted the North to understand the mistreatment of slaves in the South • The South took the North’s interest in the book as an attack on the South as a whole. • Many historians think that the novel was the cause of the start of the Civil War.
Citations • http: //www. antislaverysociety. addr. com/hus-utc. htm • http: //wiki. answers. com/Q/How_did_'Uncle _Tom's_Cabin'_play_a_role_in_the_Civil_ War • http: //blackbloggers. files. wordpress. com/2 011/06/uncle-toms-cabin-pic. jpg • http: //www. wildwestweb. net/cwp 65. jp g
Kansas-Nebraska Act Bleeding Kansas Ezra K. Marshall
Kansas-Nebraska Act • • • Popular Sovereignty Created Kansas & Nebraska Territories Stephen A. Douglas Transcontinental RR Republicans aimed to eliminate act
Bleeding Kansas • • Free Soilers were outnumbered Civil War 200 Killed Pottawatomie Creek Massacre
Citation • http: //www. culpeperschools. org/kwalter/us. jpg • http: //www. ushistory. org/us/33 b. asp • http: //www. patrioticflags. com/confederate/1_rebel_emb. jpg
Sumner and Brooks Fight in the Senate
• Charles Sumner is • Preston Brooks is a representative the Senator of of South Carolina Massachusetts, an and the cousin of Abolitionist, and SC senator the leader of the Andrew Butler Republican party
• Sumner had a two day speech on the Senate floor called “The Crime Against Kansas” (referring to the Kansas. Nebraska Act) where he blasted politicians, including Butler, for supporting slavery • This makes Brooks really angry, so he savagely beats Sumner with his cane • Brooks became a hero in the South and a negative symbol of the South in the North • The incident exemplified growing hostility between the North and the South
Works Cited • http: //www. ushistory. org/us/31 e. asp • http: //www. history. com/this-day-in-history/preston-brooks -attacks-charles-sumner • http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/Sou thern_Chivalry. jpg • http: //1. bp. blogspot. com/VJTAbpq. FZqc/Tfe 1 b. Sn 67 d. I/AAAAHMI/K 2 PUExw 9 JV 8/s 1600/bleeding%2 Bkansas%2 BArguments. Chivalry 1 856 top. jpg • http: //bradwarthen. com/wpcontent/uploads/2010/03/PBrooks-SC 2. jpg • http: //www. nndb. com/people/458/000050308/sumnersm. jpg
Dred Scott v. Sanford Imani Brown Mrs. Dorman 23 February 12
Background Dred Scott lived in Illinois, which is a free state and Wisconsin Territory majority of his life. l In 1830, he moved to Missouri. l He felt that since he lived as a free man for so long, he should have citizenship. l He first sued for his freedom in 1847. l After ten years his case was brought to the Supreme Court. l Roger B. Taney l
Facts About The Case l The Supreme Court voted against Dred Scott l The Missouri Compromise was determined unconstitutional. l Slaves were property, not human.
Outcome l Southerners celebrated the decision. l It harden the political rivalry between North and South. l Abolitionists l North thought it was a conspiracy. thought about leaving the union.
Citations l http: //www. pbs. org/wgbh/aia/part 4/4 p 2932. html l http: //www. pbs. org/wgbh/aia/part 4/4 h 2933. html l http: //wiki. answers. com/Q/What_was_the_ significance_of_the_Dred_Scott_v_Sanfor d_decision
Lincoln Douglas Debates By: Lillian Sachs
Lincoln-Douglas Debates • The debates were between Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln. • Was held in 1858 during the campaign for a US Senate seat from Illinois. • There were 7 sites throughout Illinois that the debate was held, one in each of the 7 Congressional Districts • Series of seven debates
Stephen A. Douglas “Little Giant” • Was a democrat and the current Senator of Illinois since 1847. • Douglas's Kansas. Nebraska Act • Popular sovereignty • Whigs and Democrats
Abraham Lincoln • Lincoln argued over Popular Sovereignty. • National Policy
The Outcome • The Compromise of 1850 • Fugitive Slave Law • Douglas said that the Compromise of 1850 replaced the Missouri Compromise ban on slavery in the Louisiana Purchase territory north and west of the state of Missouri. • Lincoln argued that this was false, and that Popular Sovereignty and the Dred Scott decision were a departure from the policies of the past that would nationalize slavery.
Cited Works • http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/com mons/c/cf/Lincoln_Douglas_Debates_195 8_issue-4 c. jpg • http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/File: Abraham_ Lincoln_1860. jpg • http: //www. illinoiscivilwar. org/debates. html
Harpers Ferry By: Jared Huntley
Harper Ferry • Harpers Ferry is in West Virginia. • Harpers Ferry was a hub of trains and canals which set up easy escape routes. • On the border of Pennsylvania, a free state, and Maryland.
John Brown • John Brown and his 21 followers 5 of them were free African Americans set out to take over the federal arsenal which was in Harpers Ferry. • He hoped that it would inspire slaves to join a revolution that would destroy slavery in the south.
You Failed I'm sorry • Everything that Brown had setup was put to rest. • And not only did Browns plan fail but two of Browns sons were killed.
Work Citied • http: //l. yimg. com/cv/eng/yahoo/events/blac khistory/2011/t 1_10. jpg • http: //www. eyewitnesstohistory. com/image s/johnbrown 1. jpg • http: //4. bp. blogspot. com/s 02 e. Au. Z 7 D 80/Ty. JFATvqdi. I/AAAAB AQ/p-yq 1 Cf. FMDY/s 1600/Failure-8. jpg
Virginia NC SC Tennessee Georgia Florida Alabama Arkansas Louisiana Mississippi Texas Jefferson Davis, from Kentucky, was president of the confederate states during the Civil War.
South Carolina was the first state out of the union on December 20, 1860. By March 1861, six more states who were angry at Lincoln’s election also left the union such as Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana and Texas. Eventually Arkansas, Virginia, Tennessee and NC followed.
Work Cited laugalaekjarskoli. is/. . . /the-civil-war. html www. zazzle. com/confederate_states_flag_postca. . .
Fort Sumter The Beginning of the Civil War
It Fort Sumter (the most important of all Union forts) was the 1 st engagement of the Civil War. guarded the harbor at Charleston, South Carolina. January 1861, President Buchanan tried to send troops and supplies to the fort , but Confederate guns fired on it. By April the troops at Fort Sumter desperately needed food and supply; Lincoln faced a dilemma. Lincoln sent only food supply.
Major Robert Anderson (Fort Sumter Commander)
The Fall of Fort Sumter v. Conferderate batteries showered Fort Sumter with over 3, 000 shells. v Major Robert Anderson surrenders.
Citation • http: //www. charlestonbatt erytour. com/attack-fortsumter. jpg • http: //www. ushistory. org/u s/33 a. asp • http: //www. nps. gov/hps/a bpp/battles/sc 001. htm • American History Book
North (UNION) vs South(CONFEDERATE)
Union vs Confederate Union Advantages Confederate Advantages ü More states ü Out populated the Confederate states greatly ü Enormous industrial advantage; 9 to 1 ratio ü Much transportation ü Larger army ü Held the ability to generate gunpowder ü Had all agricultural needs during war ü Fought in defensive state in own territory ü Easy access to industrial needs
Works Cited • http: //edu. glogster. com/media/5/33/82/51/33825 124. jpg • http: //1. bp. blogspot. com/_Tm. UPFr. RGw. Mw/TUG k-2 Z 6 -2 I/AAAABLo/D 9 h. TTq. JB 1 Q/s 1600/kansas-nebraska-act-1854. jpg • http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Kansas%E 2%80%93 Nebraska_Act • http: //civilwar. bluegrass. net/secessioncrisis/blee dingkansas. html
Strategy of The Union VS. Strategy of Confederacy Border States Kia Claggett
Union Strategy *In order to win the war the north had to get an enormous amount of men and supplies to invade and win a territory that was almost the size of Western Europe. *The “Anaconda” Plan General Winfield Scott proposed the anaconda plan which Lincoln executed. 1) Blockade the southern seaports 2) Gain complete control of the Mississippi River 3) Capture of Richmond VA the capital of confederacy General Winfield Scott
Strategy of the Confederacy Border States *The south did not have nearly as many resources as the north. There biggest problems were that they did not have enough men , and they couldn’t get there supplies where they needed them. There strategy was based off of DEFENSE ! 1)The defense of Richmond 2) The defense of the costal area , gaining Border States into Confederacy 3)Taking the war into Maryland Pennsylvania “the offensive defense” 4)Blockade running privaters
Citation Page http: //www. tngenweb. org/campbell/hist-bogan/union. Strategy. html http: //answers. yahoo. com/question/index? qid=20080429184414 AAXk. Mnj http: //www. google. com/search? tbm=isch&hl=en&source=hp&biw=1024&bih=48 2&q=strategy+of+confederacy+border+states&gbv=2&oq=strategy+of+confede racy+border+states&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&gs_sm=12&gs_upl=2810 l 23247 l 0 l 25183 l 41 l 40 l 0 l 25 l 1 l 0 l 235 l 1437 l 12. 1. 2 l 15 l 0&safe=active http: //www. google. com/search? rlz=1 T 4 ADFA_en. US 399 US 401&q=strategy% 20 of%20 the%20 union&gs_upl=0 l 0 l 0 l 666745 llllll 0&safe=active&um=1&ie= UTF 8&hl=en&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=5 Z 5 GT 8 ys. Bo. O 4 twf. Wpm 2 Dg&biw=1024&bih=482&sei=555 GT 7_z. I 4 HNtgezpe. CWDg#um=1&hl=en& safe=active&rlz=1 T 4 ADFA_en. US 399 US 401&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=general+wi nfield+scott&oq=general+winf&aq=0&aqi=g 2 g-m 1 g-S 6 gs. S 1&aql=&gs_sm=1&gs_upl=55550 l 64855 l 0 l 67478 l 26 l 3 l 11 l 3 l 0 l 110 l 1000 l 10. 2 l 12 l 0&bav=on. 2, or. r_gc. r_pw. r_qf. , cf. osb&fp=855079 d 424 a 94229&biw= 1024&bih=482
Weapons and technology of the civil war Kierra Blackmon U. S History 4 th period Le. Mat revolver
Edged weapons Mameluke sword n 1860 saber n 1832 Dragon saber n Bowie knife n
Handguns Colt army model 1860 n Starr revolver n Le. Mat Revolver n Lefaucheux M 1858 n
Rifles Henry rifle n M 1819 Hall rifle n Spencer repeating rifle n Sharps rifle n The Kentucky rifle n
technology n. Balloons and Submarines n. Railroad n. The Telegraph n. Civil War Photography
Works cited • http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/List_of_weapon s_in_the_American_Civil_War • http: //www. history. com/topics/civil-wartechnology
Battle of Bull Run Jacob Banasiewicz
How it Began • Fought in Virginia only miles away from Washington DC. • Fought on July 21, 1861 • North and South had major disputes over slavery. • First major land battle of the Civil War. • Lincoln wanted the Union to stay together and not fall apart.
Outcome of Battle l l l Confederate forces managed to defeat Union soldiers. Over course of battle 5000 men died, 3000 were Union soldiers. No more civilian battle spectators. Union feared that Confederate soldiers would march to Washington DC and capture it. North changed all battle strategies and became a careful militia.
Works Cited • http: //udleditions. cast. org/INTRO, gettysburg_address. html • http: //myloc. gov/Exhibitions/gettysburgaddress/Pages/default. aspx • http: //randomcivilwarquotes. tumblr. com/ • http: //landmarksofliberty. blogspot. com/2009/11/lincolnsgettysburg-address-november-19. html • http: //www. historyplace. com/speeches/gettysburg. htm • http: //blog. tutorspree. com/post/11138864260/common-coregettysburg-address • http: //www. quotableonline. com/Gettysburg. Address. html
The Battle Of Antietam • By: • Ty’Quan Bitting
Important People n General Robert E. Lee was the general for the confederates in this battle. n The general for the Union in this battle was General George B. Mc. Clellan. Later, he became the commander of the Ohio forces in the Civil War.
Reasons For Battle Robert E. Lee wanted to keep going into the North because he felt confident when he won at the Bull Run. n The more important reason is that he wanted countries in Europe, such as, England France to help the South and the Confederates with their cause. n
Reasons For Battle n n Bloodiest battles in Civil War history. On September 17, 1862 at dawn General Joseph Hooker fired on the left side of the Confederate army in Antietam. When the Confederate army got reinforced they gained back part of the field and this kept going back and forth. General Mc. Clellan fought General Lee along a road that was separating the Roulette and Piper farms, also known now as Bloody Lane.
End of the Antietam battle n n In this battle the Union Army won. When this battle ended it changed the course of the war, now the war was not only to support the Union, it also wanted to free the slaves. The slaves were freed when Lincoln gave the Emancipation Proclamation. 23, 000 soldiers died, were wounded, or missing after 12 hours of the battle.
Bibliography n n http: //www. nps. gov/ancm/index. htm http: //kms. kapalama. ksbe. edu/projects/200 2/civilwar/battle 13/historian. html http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/com mons/thumb/8/89/Robert_Edward_Lee. jpg/ 200 px-Robert_Edward_Lee. jpg http: //www. mrlincolnswhitehouse. org/uploa d/mcclellan_geo_welles_diary_med. jpg
Emancipation Proclamation Olivia Hatch
Emancipation Proclamation • Lincoln finally acted on slavery because it was very unpopular in Europe. • He first proposed his idea to congress in the summer of 1862, but they urged him to wait until a Union victory. • After the Union victory at Antietam, he announced a formal emancipation of slaves in any state of the Confederacy that did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863. Non returned. • Lincoln hoped to convince some southern states to surrender with the proclamation.
What is it? • The proclamation went into affect on January 1, 1863 when no confederate states returned to the Union. • Freed all enslaved people in states still in the rebellion. • Did not apply to loyal border states or places already under Union control.
Citation • http: //www. pbs. org/wgbh/aia/part 4/4 h 1549. html • http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Emancipation_Procla mation • Textbook
54 th Massachusetts Regiment Maddie Havens
What Was The 54 th Massachusetts Regiment? -All black unit led by union colonel Robert Gould Shaw. -Black soldiers were paid $10 per month, $3 less than white soldiers.
-July 16 th was the first confrintation with the confederate soldiers when the regiment repelled the attack on James island. -July 18 th Colonel Robert Gould Shaw readied 600 men of the 54 th Massachusetts Regiment For the Attack on Fort Wagner in SC. The battle was unsuccessful on their part.
Due to black men fighting in this battle they were able to prove that they are as worthy as white soldiers. http: //www. zuguide. com/#Glor y
Works Cited http: //wiki. answers. com/Q/What_was_the_54 th_Massach usetts_regiment http: //www. nps. gov/hps/abpp/battles/sc 007. htm http: //www. us-civilwar. com/54 th. htm http: //www. historynet. com/americas-civil-war-54 thmassachusetts-regiment. htm
What was it? • Along with Gettysburg, Vicksburg was considered the turning point of the Civil War. • Ulysses S. Grant’s strategy was to take command of the Mississippi river and wait for the confederacy to surrender. • The confederates surrendered on July 4 th after over forty days of siege by the Union army.
Pemberton, Confederate General Grant, Union General
Sources • http: //www. nps. gov/hps/abpp/battles/ms 01 1. htm • http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Siege_of_Vicks burg • http: //drtlibrary. files. wordpress. com/2009/0 8/gettysburg-battle-charge-15001. jpg
Gettysburg Miles Morton
In July of 1863, General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and Union Army of the Potomac, under George G. Meade, concentrated together at Gettysburg and fought the Battle of Gettysburg. Of the more than 2, 000 land engagements of the Civil War, Gettysburg ranks supreme. Although the Battle of Gettysburg did not end the war, it was a great battle of the war, marking the point when the ultimate victory of the North over the South became clear to both sides alike. The battle lasted three days (July 1 -July 3), until Robert E. Lee retreated and the Union won. s
Work Cited n http: //americancivilwar. com/getty. html n http: //www. historyplace. com/civilwar/battl e. htm n http: //www. gettysbg. com/battle. shtml
The Gettysburg Address by: Adison Gregory
About the Address • Location: the Soldiers’ National Cemetery at Gettysburg • Who spoke: Edward Everett (orator) & Abraham Lincoln • Everett was the main speaker for the day and gave a two hour long speech. Lincoln followed and his speech lasted a little over two minutes.
About the address • Lincoln conveyed the United State’s principles of unity and equality in the address • It contained lyrical phrases and haunting imagery • At the time it was given it wasn’t considered important , but today it is considered one of the best speeches in history
Quotes from the address • “Government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from the earth” • “But in a larger sense we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. ” • “. . . that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain; that this nation shall have a new birth of freedom; and that this government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth”
Citation Page n n n n http: //www. u-s-history. com/pages/h 114. html http: //americanhistory. about. com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_b ull 1. htm http: //wwp. greenwichmeantime. com/images/usa/virginia. jpg http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/27/Abr aham_Lincoln_by_Alexander_Helser, _1860 -crop. jpg/170 px. Abraham_Lincoln_by_Alexander_Helser, _1860 -crop. jpg http: //americanhistory. about. com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_b ull 1. htm http: //wiki. answers. com/Q/How_did_the_Battle_of_Bull_Run_affe ct_the_outcome_of_the_Civil_War http: //www. abeswar. com/1861/bull-run/battle-of-first-bull-runl. jpg http: //dullbrownhistory. wikispaces. com/file/view/civil_war_soldier s-union_confederate_2. gif/175658839/civil_war_soldiersunion_confederate_2. gif
Life of a soldier by: Rico Walker
Reasons for fighting • Believed it was their duty to their country • Saw it as an opportunity to start a new life • Other were forced to go, due to the military draft
South versus North • In the south, plantation owners were among the first to volunteer for the “gentlemen’s war, ” believing the conflict to last no more than a few months. • The north encouraged young men to volunteer and fight in order to preserve the Union. Very few white soldiers served in the Union Army to fight slavery. Saving the Union was their first priority.
• African Americans served in the Confederate Army, mostly as cooks, musicians or hospital attendants. Those who fought saw an opportunity to fight to prove they were worthy of freedom.
Daily life • The majority of the time was spent overcoming boredom. Days would be spent making meals, doing laundry, cutting firewood and writing letters to home. Horse racing, gambling and games such as cards and dominoes helped to relieve the boredom.
Bibliography • http: //www. pitt. edu/~amerimus/LPCivil. War. Soldie r. html • http: //www. kidport. com/reflib/usahistory/civilwar/ Life. htm • http: //www. soldierstudies. org/images/webquest/c ivil%20 war%20 soldiers. jpg • http: //www. archives. gov/education/lessons/black s-civil-war/images/recruitment-broadside. gif • http: //www. gifs. net/image/Everything_Else/Explo sives/Nuclear_explosion/8010
Women’s roles… in the civil war
Women and the Civil War… During the civil war women in the North and South joined to volunteer brigades and signed up to work as nurses. It was the first time in American history that women played a significant role in a war effort. This caused an expansion in the definitions on “true womanhood”.
Fighting for the Union… With the outbreak of war in 1861, not only did men eagerly volunteer to fight for the cause, but women as well. Many women wanted to take more of an active role in the war during this time, and were inspired by the work of Florence Nightingale and her nurses in the Crimean War. They fought for ways to work on the front lines to care for the sick and injured soldiers. − In the Northern States: Women organized ladies aid societies to supply Union troops with items they needed (food, clothing, and cash). − In the Southern States: The Confederacy had less money and fewer resources than did the Union, so they did much of their work on their own or through local auxiliaries and relief societies. June 1861: The federal government agreed to create “a preventive hygienic and sanitary service for the benefit of the army” called the United States Sanitary Commission. They sought to combat preventable diseases and infections by improving conditions in army camps and hospitals. It also worked to provide relief to sick and wounded soldiers.
Women in action… Working class white women and free/enslaved African-American women worked as laundresses, cooks, and matrons. Middle class white women worked as nurses. − Army nurses: traveled from hospital to hospital providing care for the wounded, sick and dying soldiers. Activist Dorothea Dix was responsible for the calling of Army nurses. − Confederate spies: Sometimes they beguiled government or military officials to obtain information; other times the simply listened in on conversations in hotel lobbies—or bought the latest edition of the newspaper. − Vivandières: were women often officers’ daughters or wives who accompanied and provided support to Union and Confederate regiments. They sold the troops tobacco, coffee, identification tags, oil lamps, hams and whiskey. Vivandières did laundry and sewing, as well as cooking.
Sources n n http: //americanhistory. si. edu/militaryhis tory/resources/Lesson 7. pdf http: //www. history. com/topics/womenin-the-civil-war
Sherman’s March to the sea By Ian Wilson 4 th period
Sherman’s march to the sea • It’s a common name for the savannah campain. • The Savannah campain went around Georgia on nov 15 th, 1864 – dec 23 rd, 1864. • Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the union army led it.
Result • The campaign ended on December 21 st, 1864 when his army captured the port of savannah. • It resulted in significant damage to industry.
Citation • http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Sherman's_Ma rch_to_the_Sea http: //ngeorgia. com/images/march_to_the_sea_map. jpg
Surrender at Appomattox Tanner Somerville 4 th Period
Surrender at Appomatix • April 9, 1865 • General Robert E. Lee surrenders his army of Northern Virginia to Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant
Cont’d • Set model for surrenders that shortly followed • Other Surrenders occurred on April 26 th, May 4 th, June 2 nd and 23 rd • Occurred after 4 years fighting and 630, 000 casualties • The battle leading up to the surrender had an estimated 500 dead or wounded.
The Site • Town of Appomattox Court house, Virginia • House of Wilmer & Virginia Mclean • Dismantled to move to D. C. for a tourist attraction, fell through • Rebuilt a house as replica on spot • General Lee’s and General Grants direct decedents cut ribbon for opening.
Citation Page • • http: //www. nps. gov/apco/the-surrender. htm http: //www. masonicsourcebook. com/civil_war_soldiers-union_confederate. GIF http: //www. donkennedyphotography. com/Collections/In-A-Single-Image-Americas/0904 Appomattox. Courthouse/531953246_exqr. S-L. jpg http: //thomaslegion. net/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/appomattoxmap. jpg