不规则动词表 Infinitive(原形) Past Tense(过去式) Past Participle(过去分词 ) （一）ABC 型: be(am, is, are) was were been begin began begun bite bitten/bit break broken choose chosen do did done
（一）ABC 型: draw drew drawn drink drank drunk drive drove driven eat ate eaten fall fell fallen fly flew flown forget forgot get forgotten/got
（一）ABC 型: give gave given go went gone grow grew grown hide hidden/hid know knew known lie lay lain mistake mistook mistaken ride rode ridden
（一）ABC 型: ring rang rung rise rose risen see saw seen shake shook shaken sing speak steal sang spoke sung spoken stolen
（一）ABC 型: swim swam take swum took taken throw threw wake woke/waked woken/waked/woke wear write thrown wore wrote worn written
（二） ABB型: bring brought build built burnt/burned buy bought catch caught dig dug feel felt fight fought
（二）ABB型: find found have hear found had heard hold held keep kept lead led leave left learned/learnt
（二）ABB型: shine shone/shined shoot shot sit sat sleep slept smell smelt/smelled spell spend spelt/spelled spent
（二）ABB型: lose lost meant meet met pay paid read say said sell sold send sent
（二）ABB型: stand stood sweep swept teach taught tell told think thought understand understood win won
（三）AAB型: beaten become became become come came come run ran run cast cost （四）ABA型: （五）AAA型:
（五）AAA型: cut cut hit hit hurt let let put put read set set shut
抄写动词以及过去式和过去分词。 1. be-- was/were --been 2. come— came--come did--done 3. go-- went--gone 4. do— 5. have-- had-had 6. drink— drank--drunk ate--eaten 7. give-- gave--given 8. eat– 9. know-- knew--known 10. make— made--made said--said 11. run-- ran--run 12. say— found--found 13. see-- saw-seen 14. find— got--got 15. draw-- drew--drawn 16. get— 17. hear-- heard-heard 18. begin— began--begun 19. buy-- bought--bought 20. leave— left--left
写出下列动词的过去式及过去分词 hit 13 hit______-______ became become 1 become_______-____ hurt 14 hurt_____-______ broken 2 break_______-_____ brought 15 keep_____-______ kept 3 bring _______-____ built 4 build_______-_____ lent 16 lend______-_____ bit 5 bite_______-_____ caught lost 17 lose______-______ 6 catch_______-_____ 7 choose____-_______ chosen 18 meet_____-______ met 8 cut____-_____ cut fell fallen put 19 put______-______ 9 fall_______-_____ flew flown 10 fly_______-_____ read 20 read______-_____ forgotten 11 forget_______-_______ rang rung 21 ring______-______ grew grown 12 grow____-_______
since , for 的用法: since: (自…以来) Take notes 1)since+时间点 He has stayed here since 5 o’clock. 2)since+ 时间段+ ago He has stayed here since 5 hours ago. 3)since+ 从句 She has taught English since he came here. for: (�达） for+ 时间段 He has kept the book for 2 weeks.
用for 或since填空 for 1. Mr. Brown has had his TV ____ 15 years. 2. I’ve taken driving lessons _____ last month. since for 3. My sister has had her cell phone ____ a month. since 4. My friends haven’t visited me ______ my birthday. for 5. We haven’t used our car ____ a long time. for 6. She hasn’t had a good cup of coffee _____ years. since 7. Tom has worn glasses _____ he was 7 years old.
用for 或since填空 1. Jill has been in Ireland _____ Monday. since for 2. Mr. Jason has been in Paris _______ three days. 3. My aunt has lived in Australia_______15 days. for since 4. Margaret is in her office. She has been there _______7 o’clock. 5. India has been an independent country ______ 1974. since 7. Nobody lives in those houses. They have been empty______ for many years. 8. Mike has been ill ____ a long time. He has been in for since hospital ______ October.
常用于现在完成时的时间副词, 介词: already (已经): 用于肯定句I have already posted the letter. yet(已经): 用于否定句, 疑问句 He hasn’t done his homework yet. just(刚刚) They have just left. ever(曾经) Have you ever been to Beijing ? never(从不) I have never seen him. before(以前) Have you seen the film before? since(自从…以来) I’ve worked in the school since 1999. for(长达) He’s lived in Shenzhen for 6 years. in the past several days / weeks/ years(在过去的…) recently(最近) I have not written to my parents recently. so far(到目前为止) So far she has learned 5 English songs. up to now(到目前为止) this morning/month/year(今天早上/这个月/今年)
method 1: 动作 状态 die be dead borrow/buy keep/had leave be away arrive be here begin be on(上演） end/finish be over join be in marry be married
1. 他的爷爷已经去世 2年了。 His grandpa has died for 2 years. X 2. Nick 参军 3年了. Nick has joined the army for 3 years. X 3. 他离开深圳好长时间了。 He has left Shenzhen for along time. X 4. 这本书我已借了4个月了. I have borrowed the book for 4 months. X 实义动词分为: 1) 瞬间动词 (die, join, leave, borrow等) 2)延续动词 (wait, know , learn 等) 注意: 瞬间动词不能和时间段连用.
1. 他的爷爷已经去世 2年了。 His grandpa has been dead for 2 years. 2. Nick 参军 3年了. Nick has been in the army for 3 years. 3. 他离开深圳好长时间了。 He has been away from Shenzhen for a long time. 4. 这本书我已借了4个月了. I have had/kept the book for 4 months.
method 2: It is + 时间段 since +一般过去时的句子. 1. 他的爷爷已经去世 2年了。 It is 2 years since his grandpa died. 2. Nick 参军 3年了. It is 3 years since Nick joined the army. 3. 他离开深圳好长时间了。 It is a long time since he left Shenzhen. 4. 这本书我已借了4个月了. It is 4 months since I borrowed the book.
用have/has been to, have/has gone to填空： 1. —Where is your brother? has gone to —He ______ the shop. He’ll be back soon. 2. — ______ to America? Have you ever _____ been to have been to New York twice. —Yes, I ______ have you _____? been 3. —Here you are at last! Where _____ have been to —I _______ London. has gone to 4. —David ________ Australia. —I’m sure he’s already arrived. 5. —Is Benny here? has gone to the school library. He left —No, he _____ five minutes ago.
现在完成时的用法 一) 表示动作发生在过去, 影响到现在。 1）--Would you like to go and see Avatar （阿凡达） with me tonight? c --Thank you very much, but I _______ it already. (2010 天 津, 43) A. see B. will see C. have seen D. am seeing(已了解 电影的内容) B 2）—_______ you ______your homework yet？ —Yes． I ________ it a moment ago．（2011 甘 肃） A． Did; do; finished B． Have; done; finished C． Have; done; have finished D． Will; do; finish (不用在做了。)
二) 表示动作开始开始于过去，并持续到现在。 B 1） We have lived here _______ five years ago． （河南省） A．when B．since C．before D．after 2）The Smiths came to Shanghai in 2008, they_ C _ there for three years since then. 【 2011广西百色】 A. live B. lived C. have lived D. will live D 3）My grandmother _______ a lot of changes in Tianjin since she came here. (2011 天津, 36) A. sees B. can see C. will see D. has seen
考点二：考查时间状语 例1. He has _______ been to Shanghai , has he ? Ｂ Ａ. already Ｂ. never Ｃ. ever Ｄ. still 例2. Have you met Mr Li ______？ Ｃ Ａ. just Ｂ. ago Ｃ. before Ｄ. a moment ago Ｄ one new book in the past two year. 例3. The famous writer ____ Ａ. is writing Ｂ. was writing Ｃ. wrote Ｄ. has written 例4. —Our country ______ Ｃ a lot so far. —Yes. I hope it will be even ______. Ａ. has changed ; well Ｂ. changed ; good Ｃ. has changed ; better Ｄ. changed ; better Ｃ 例5. Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years. Ａ. was ; studying Ｂ. will ; study Ｃ. has ; studied Ｄ. are ; studying 例6. We ______ Ｃ Xiao Li since she was a little girl. Ａ. know Ｂ. had known Ｃ. have known Ｄ. knew 例7. Harry Potter is a very nice film. I_______ it twice. Ｂ Ａ. will see Ｂ. have seen Ｃ. saw Ｄ. see
考点四：考查非延续性动词的用法 例1. His father ______ D the Party since 1978. Ａ. joined Ｂ. has joined Ｃ. was in Ｄ. has been in 例2. —Do you know him well ? — Sure. We _____ friends since ten years ago. B Ａ. were Ｂ. have been Ｃ. have become Ｄ. have made A here ? 例3. —How long have you ____ —About two months. Ａ. been Ｂ. gone Ｃ. come Ｄ. arrived 例4. Hurry up! The play _____ for ten minutes. C Ａ. has begun Ｂ. had begun Ｃ. has been on Ｄ. began 例5. His uncle died two years ago. （改变句子，句意不变） been __ dead His uncle has ____ _ for two years 例6. Her mother has been a Party member for three years. （同义 joined the Party three years ____ ago 句） Her mother _______. 例7. It _____ A ten years since he left the army. Ａ. is Ｂ. has Ｃ. will Ｄ. was
Practice: 1. 【 2011．云南昆明】 51. Lanmon ______ A here for almost ten years and he has many Chinese friends. A. has been B. left C. has come D. came A this watch in 2005. 2. 【 2011四川泸州】 47. Mr. Fan ___ he ____ it for 6 years. A. bought, has had B. bought, has C. has bought, has had D. has bought, had 3. 【 2011广东肇庆】 41. You are too late. The film B ______ since half an hour ago. has begun B. has been on C. began
Practice: 【 2011山东】 1. - Where is my sister, mum? C - She ______ to the library. She will be back soon. A. has been B. is going C. has gone D. will go 【 2011湖北·武汉】 50. - Jim isn’t in the classroom. Where is he？ B - He _____ to the teacher’s office. A. will go B. has gone C. had gone D. is going B 【 2011云南八市】 2. —____ you ever _____ Dali? —Never. But I am going there this vacation. A. Do…go to B. Have…been to C. Have…gone to D. Will…go to B 3. Miss Gao isn't here. She ____ to the bus station to meet Mr. Brown. (2009 重庆, 25) A. go B. has gone C. has been D. would go
How long have you ______ the magazine? About a week. A found B borrowed C received D had ____ you _____ the film Harry Potter 5? Not yet. I will see it this Sunday. A Did, see B Are, seeing C Have, seen D Do, see
How is Ann? I ____ her for a long time. A don’t see B won’t see C didn’t see D haven’t seen Hasn’t Betty come yet? No, and I ____ for her for nearly 2 hours. A wait B waited C have waited D had waited
Is Mr Baker at home? Sorry, he isn’t in. He ____ to Dalian for vacation. A has gone B went C is going D goes Mr Zhang is a teacher of rich experience. He ___ English for 20 years. A has taught B will teach C teaches D taught
--How many times have you ____ to Xi’an? --Three times. A been B went C gone D go I won’t forget my teacher because she ____ so kind to me since I came to this school. A has been B will be C was D is
--I will return the book to Mary, but I can’t find her anywhere. --she ____ the teacher’s office. You can find her there. A has left B was away from C has gone to D has been to You have ____ my dictionary for two weeks. Sorry, I will give it back to you right now. A lent B borrowed C kept
--___ you ___ out the problem, Sam? --Not yet, but I am going to. A Did, work B Are, working C Have, worked D Will, work --What are you going to do this Saturday? --I ___ yet. A haven’ decided B won’t decide C am not decided D didn’t decide
How long ___ the film ___ when you got there? A has begun B had begun C has been on D had been on Mr Green ___ Beijing since three years ago. A has come to B went to C had lived in D has been in
He _____ our school for two weeks. A left B has left C has been away from -- My father ____Shanghai with my grandparents. --Really? ____ will they come back? A has been to, How soon B has gone to, How soon C has been to , How long D has gone to, How long
She ___ that same song so many times. I’m getting sick of it! A sings B sang C will sing D has sung --Mike, you ___ the magazine since last week. Can you return it now? --Sure. A borrowed B have borrowed C have kept