CHANGING VERBS FROM PRESENT TO PAST AND FUTURE
THREE TENSES OF VERBS Verb Tense past present future
PAST TENSE VERBS • Most past tense verbs end in “ed”, but there are several rules to use while changing the present to past tense. • Past tense verbs tell action that has already happened. • Some words change spelling to show past tense. Examples: Beg = begged Feed = fed Run = ran grow = grew like = liked play = played
PRESENT TENSE VERBS • Actions that happen now or today • Some present tense verbs have “ing”, “s”, or “es” on the end of them. • Clue words: now, today • Examples: Stays plays Flies juggles Floats jogs hikes fusses runs drives dresses carries
FUTURE TENSE VERBS • Many verbs have the helping verb “will” in front of them to show they will be happening. • Clue words to look for are: tomorrow, some day, next time, or next week. Examples: Will play will lead will be happy Will have will eat will like
FROM PRESENT TO PAST • 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. • There are five ways to change a verb from present tense to past tense. Just add –ed. Double the final consonant and add –ed. Drop the final e and add –ed. Change the y to i and add –ed. Change the spelling. We did this when we changed a singular noun to a plural noun and with verb agreement too.
JUST ADD -ED • Most verbs can change from the present to the past by just adding –ed. Today I walk home. Yesterday I walked home. Did it rain today? It rained yesterday.
DOUBLING THE FINAL CONSONANT • When a present tense verb ends with one vowel and one consonant, double the final consonant and add –ed to make the verb change to past tense. Drop the ball. He dropped the ball. Hop on one foot. She hopped on one foot.
DROPPING THE FINAL E • When a present tense verb ends with a sneaky/silent e, drop the e and add –ed to make the verb change to past tense. Skate with me. We skated together at the rink. I like to shop. I liked shopping with you.
CHANGING Y TO I • When a present tense verb ends with a y, change the y to i and add –ed to make the verb change to past tense. Will you help me carry the groceries? We carried them to the kitchen. Eric asked me to marry him on New Year’s Day. We got married on August 2, 1997.
CHANGING THE SPELLING • Sometimes a present tense verb changes its entire spelling to make the verb change to past tense. If it helps say, “Yesterday I ______, ” to help find the right word to use in the past tense. We eat lunch at 11: 30. We ate lunch at 11: 30 yesterday. Stand straight in line. We stood straight in line.
NOW ITS YOUR TURN! How can you make these present tense verbs past tense verbs? like A. liked take A. taked B. likeed B. took C. likked C. takeed
TRY SOME MORE bury A. buried B. buryed C. buryyed mop A. mopped B. moped C. mopeed go A. goed B. gone C. went
FUTURE TENSE • The future has not yet happened, but we know it will. • Add will to the present tense verb to make the future tense. • Present - Today I go. • Past - Yesterday I went. • Future - Tomorrow I will go.
ADDING –ING TO A PRESENT TENSE VERB • All the rules used for changing the present tense verb to a past tense verb can also be used when adding –ing to the verb except for changing the spelling and do not drop the “y” when adding –ing. Present Past with-ed Present with -ing carry carried eat ate walked liked liking dropped dropping carrying eating walking