The Future Tense You need to use the
- Slides: 9
The Future Tense You need to use the Future Tense to help you achieve a Grade C and above. There are 2 future tenses in Spanish, as there are in English… I will…(do something) I am going to …(do something) Read through this Powerpoint, write notes into your exercise book and complete all of the exercises.
The Near Future The near future allows you to talk about the future using the structure “ir + infinitive”. It is the English equivalent of “I am going to…” These are the parts of ‘ir’ = to go…. Person I You (singular) He/she/it We You (plural) They EXAMPLES…. 1. Voy a jugar al fútbol 2. Va a jugar al fútbol 3. Vamos a estudiar el arte 4. Van a estudiar el arte The part of ‘Ir’ Voy Vas Va Vamos Vais Van = = + the infinitive (a whole verb) (eg. comer = to eat) I am going to play football he / she is going to play football we are going to study art they are going to study art
¡A practicar! Translate the sentences into Spanish using the FUTURE tense 1. I’m going to write a letter_____________________ 2. He is going to play football ____________________ 3. We are going to listen to music __________________ 4. Are you (sing. ) going to watch television? ______________ 5. They are going to eat paella. ____________________ 6. I am going to go to university ____________________ 7. She is going to study Spanish ____________________ 8. It is going to be fun ________________________ 9. We are going to travel by plane ___________________ 10. I am going to eat more vegetables _________________
¡A practicar! Translate the sentences into English 1. Voy a hablar con mi profesor_____________________ 2. Va a comprar un coche nuevo____________________ 3. Vamos a celebrar tu cumpleaños___________________ 4. ¿Qué vas a hacer después de tus examenes? ______________ 5. Van a mandar mensajes ______________________ 6. Voy a escribir una carta_______________________ 7. Ella va a trabajar en un teatro____________________ 8. Voy a leer un libro en francés ____________________ 9. Vamos a beber una botella de agua__________________ 10. Va a ser una experiencia maravillosa_________________
Simple Future The simple future allows you to talk about what you will do in the future. This is an easy tense to remember as the same endings get added to all the infinitives. Person I You (singular) He/she/it We You (plural) They Whole verb ending in -ar-er-ir whole verb + -é whole verb + -ás whole verb + -á whole verb + -emos whole verb + -éis whole verb + -an Estudiar = the whole verb (to study) then add the appropriate ending EXAMPLES…. 1. Estudiaré el chino = 2. Viajará por todo el mundo = 3. Trabajaremos con niños = 4. Verán una película en español I will study Chinese He / she will travel around the world We will work with children = they will watch a Spanish film
¡A practicar! Translate the sentences into Spanish using the FUTURE tense So, look up the verb ‘to talk’ and add the appropriate ending for ‘her’ 1. I will talk to my sister. _______________________ 2. He will study Spanish. _______________________ 3. We will go to Mexico. _______________________ 4. Will you (sing. ) live in England? ___________________ 5. They will drink wine. _______________________ 6. I will probably stay at Arnold. ____________________ 7. I think I will look for a job as a nurse. _________________ 8. I will live in Blackpool forever. ____________________ 9. Anis and Bliss will get married (casarse) in ten years. _________________________________ 10. Fiona will perhaps live in Spain. (quizás = perhaps) _________________________________
¡A practicar! Translate the sentences into English TO HELP: Work backwards! Look at the ending to identify the person, then remove the ending to find the verb 1. Iré a Francia para las vacaciones___________________ 2. Vivirá con su abuela _______________________ 3. Cantarán una canción de JLS____________________ 4. Beberemos mucho ________________________ 5. Compraré unos regalos para mis amigos________________ 6. ¿Visitarás al museo Prado en Madrid? _________________ 7. Buscaré trabajo como periodista ___________________ 8. Me levantaré a las 5. 30 – qué horror____________________ 9. En dos años terminaré mis Alevels _____________________ 10. En el futuro descancarán más ______________________
There are, however, some irregular verbs: Write them down in your book.
TRANSLATE: this is a mixtures of the two future tenses! El Futuro Inmediato El Futuro Simple 1. I am going to play 11. I will play 2. You (s) are going to live 12. You (s) will live 3. We are going to read 13. We will read 4. They are going to make 14. They will make 5. You (pl) are going to be 15. You (pl) will be 6. He is going to have 16. He will have 7. I am going to listen 17. I will listen 8. We are going to write 18. We will write 9. They are going to study 19. They will study 10. You (s) are going to travel 20. You will travel