What is color Newton observed That color is not inherent in objects. Rather, the surface of an object reflects some colors and absorbs all the others. This is when we perceive only the reflected colors of an object.
What is light The light we see is called white light which is a mixture of all color in the visible light spectrum. The visible light spectrum, is small part of a much larger spectrum called the electron light spectrum. As light travels from a light source to an object, all the colors in the visible light spectrum are present, within each light wave. It is only when the light is absorbs or reflected can our eyes see the perceived color.
How we see color • Light receptors within the eye transmit messages to the brain, which produces the familiar sensations of color. • The receptors are called rods and cones • Rods only see black and white (light and dark) • Cones only see color they only see red green blue light
How our eye make all other color • When the human eye see different light frequencies it will blend them together to make a new color. • When talking about light- The Primary colors are red green and blue • The mixing equal parts of the 3 color makes white and the absent of all light makes black
Light Primary Colors Wavelength • Each color has its own Wavelength each Wavelength will stimulate the human eye in a different way • Blue light has a short Wavelength • Green light has a medium Wavelength • Red light has a long Wavelength • Because Green is in the middle of the wavelengths, Green reacts to a small part of blue and red. Therefore humans see green light the best.
How our cameras see light • Cameras capture light in a similar way that our eyes do. • Light comes into a dark chamber and is focused onto a photo receptor. Which is then translated into color. • All cameras capture green light the best, just as humans do. This is because in a digital sensor there are more, green sensor then red and blue
Color systems • Color systems are dependent on the medium with which an artist is working on. • When painting, an artist has a variety of paints to choose from, and mixed colors are achieved through the PHYSICAL color method. • When a designer is utilizing the computer to generate digital media, colors are achieved with the additive color method.
Color Wheel ► ► Colors wheel is an illustration of color in a circle There are many kinds of color wheels, each wheel has its own purpose. We will be talking about: ► Primary colors wheel ► Secondary colors wheel ► Tertiary colors wheel • Additive Digital color wheel • Subtractive color wheel
PHYSICAL COLOR WHEEL (Primary Paint Color Wheel) • When we mix color paint, we are using the PHYSICAL color method. • This means that one begins with white and ends with a hue. As one adds more pigment to white the result gets darker. • As we take away white it gets darker • PHYSICAL primary colors are colors that can not be made by mixing any two colors. • The primary colors wheel is made up of a group of 3 colors from which all other colors can be obtained by mixing. • These colors are Red Blue Yellow
ADDITIVE COLOR RGB • If we are working on a computer, the colors we see on the screen are created with color lights. • Red, Green, Blue • all other colors are made from mixing different percentages of each color light. • This type of color space is good for web or screen display only
Subtractive Color CMYK • If we intend to print our work, we will be using a subtractive color space, the colors we see when printing are PHYSICAL and react different when used • Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black
secondary colors wheel (SUBTRACTIVE COLOR) ► Secondary colors are produced by mixing two neighboring primary colors together. The colors that are made are ► Purple ► Orange ► Green
tertiary colors wheel (SUBTRACTIVE COLOR) ► tertiary colors are produced by mixing two neighboring primary colors and secondary colors together. The colors that are made are ► Red orange ► Yellow orange ► Yellow green ► Blue violet ► Red violet
Colors can feel • No matter if we are talking about light or PHYSICAL colors can be broken down into different category's ► ► ► To help understand this concept, let's consider how color affects our moods and perceptions. Warm colors such as oranges, reds and yellows tend to stimulate our senses warmth, action or anger Cool colors such as blue, purple and green tend to be soothing and calming or sometime uneasiness
Colors can feel Photo by: Frankie Zumpone WHS 2018 Photo 3
Colors can feel Photo by: Flores A. WHS 2018 Photo 1
Colors can feel Photo by: Elder WHS 2018 Photo 1
Colors can feel Photo by: Manso I. WHS 2018 Photo 1
Understanding Complementary colors ► ► Complementary colors are any two colors opposite each other on the color wheel. For example, blue and orange, or red and green. These create a high contrast, so use them when you want something to stand out. Ideally, use one color as background and the other as subject.
Colors can feel Photo by: Romero M. WHS 2018 Photo 1
Colors can feel Photo by: Wioncek E WHS 2018 Photo 1
Understanding Split complementary colors ► ► This is when you use three colors. The scheme takes one color and matches it with the two colors adjacent to its complementary color. For example Green with red orange and Blue violet Wioncek E
Colors can feel Photo by: Valentina Fonseca WHS 2015 Photo 1
Colors can feel Photo by: Rodríguez Melani WHS 2018 Photo 1
Understanding Analogous colors ► ► are any three colors next to each other on the wheel. For example blue green , green yellow green With analogous colors, it's best to avoid hues as they can be jarring. Instead, focus on tints of analogous colors. Another tip is to avoid combining warm and cool colors in this scheme.
Colors can feel Photo by: Zumpone Frankie WHS 2018 Photo 1
Colors can feel Photo by: Elizabeth Ragoo WHS 2018 Photo 1