Warm Ups 1 Who was the father of

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Warm Ups (1) Who was the father of democracy in Athens? (2) Which citizens

Warm Ups (1) Who was the father of democracy in Athens? (2) Which citizens could vote in Athens?

Chapter 8 Ancient Greece Mr. Hollingsworth’s World History November 7, 2017 Section 2 Athens

Chapter 8 Ancient Greece Mr. Hollingsworth’s World History November 7, 2017 Section 2 Athens Creates Democracy

Alabama Course of Study Standards 3. Compare the development of early world religions and

Alabama Course of Study Standards 3. Compare the development of early world religions and philosophies and their key tenets. • Identifying cultural contributions of early world religions and philosophies 4. Identify cultural contributions of Classical Greece, including politics, intellectual life, arts, literature, architecture, and science.

Learning Targets • I will be able to use the academic vocabulary of this

Learning Targets • I will be able to use the academic vocabulary of this region and time appropriately. • I will be able to analyze the impact of Greek democracy on the ancient and modern world. • I will be able to compare and contrast oligarchy, tyranny, and democracy and categorize the benefits and drawbacks of each form of government.

Learning Targets • I will compare and contrast direct democracy with representative democracy and

Learning Targets • I will compare and contrast direct democracy with representative democracy and categorize the similarity and differences between each form of government. • I will identify the cultural contributions of Classical Greece with other ancient civilizations and the influences upon modern western civilization.

Warm Ups (1) Who was the father of democracy in Athens? – Cleisthenes (2)

Warm Ups (1) Who was the father of democracy in Athens? – Cleisthenes (2) Which citizens could vote in Athens? – Only free male citizens were members of the assembly with the right to vote

Reading Check (1) How were citizens involved in the government of Athens? – Citizens

Reading Check (1) How were citizens involved in the government of Athens? – Citizens participated in the assembly, on juries, and held public offices

Reading Check (2) How are direct democracy and representative democracy different? – In a

Reading Check (2) How are direct democracy and representative democracy different? – In a direct democracy each citizen participates directly in government. – Elected officials represent the citizens in government as well as make and vote on laws in a representative democracy.

Athens Creates Democracy Cleisthenes • Overthrew the aristocracy/oligarchy c. 500 B. C. • Promised

Athens Creates Democracy Cleisthenes • Overthrew the aristocracy/oligarchy c. 500 B. C. • Promised non aristocratic people citizenship • Known as the father of democracy

Democracy under Cleisthenes Assembly All citizens have a right to participate in the assembly

Democracy under Cleisthenes Assembly All citizens have a right to participate in the assembly (Only free male citizens over age 20)

Democracy under Cleisthenes Assembly Outdoor meetings on the Pnyx

Democracy under Cleisthenes Assembly Outdoor meetings on the Pnyx

Democracy under Cleisthenes Assembly Citizens were encouraged to make speeches and debate

Democracy under Cleisthenes Assembly Citizens were encouraged to make speeches and debate

Democracy under Cleisthenes Assembly OR Voting by a show of hands or secret ballot

Democracy under Cleisthenes Assembly OR Voting by a show of hands or secret ballot

Democracy under Cleisthenes Assembly • 6, 000 members participated on major issues • Small

Democracy under Cleisthenes Assembly • 6, 000 members participated on major issues • Small select council determined measures for debate and vote

Changes in Athenian Democracy Pericles • Leader of Athens during height of democracy •

Changes in Athenian Democracy Pericles • Leader of Athens during height of democracy • Participation in government important • Instituted payment for jury duty and public office

Democracy under Cleisthenes • Key Principles of Athenian Democracy (Direct) – Every citizen should

Democracy under Cleisthenes • Key Principles of Athenian Democracy (Direct) – Every citizen should have a right to vote – Duty to participate actively in the system – Decisions made by majority vote – After vote, decisions are implemented

Direct vs Representative Democracy

Direct vs Representative Democracy

Direct Democracy (Athens) Benefits • All citizens have a say in government Drawbacks •

Direct Democracy (Athens) Benefits • All citizens have a say in government Drawbacks • Women, slaves, and foreigners have no say • All citizens can express • Sometimes forced to opinions attend assembly • Power of nobles is limited • Difficult to make decisions with so many people

Key Terms • Greek word for a city state – Polis • A high

Key Terms • Greek word for a city state – Polis • A high hill where Greeks constructed a fortress – Acropolis • An age marked by great achievements – Classical age

Key Terms • A form of government in which people rule themselves – Democracy

Key Terms • A form of government in which people rule themselves – Democracy • Rich landowners – Aristocrats • A government where only a few people have power – Oligarchy

Key Terms • People who had the right to participate in government – Citizens

Key Terms • People who had the right to participate in government – Citizens • Ruler who held power through the use of force – Tyrant • The father of democracy – Cleisthenes

Key Terms • Famous female lyric poet – Sappho • Author of the Illiad

Key Terms • Famous female lyric poet – Sappho • Author of the Illiad and Odyssey – Homer • He was a famous story teller using fables – Aesop

Key Terms • To have an effect on – Influence • Person who makes

Key Terms • To have an effect on – Influence • Person who makes a prediction – Oracle

Learning Targets • I will be able to use the academic vocabulary of this

Learning Targets • I will be able to use the academic vocabulary of this region and time appropriately. • I will be able to analyze the impact of Greek democracy on the ancient and modern world. • I will be able to compare and contrast oligarchy, tyranny, and democracy and categorize the benefits and drawbacks of each form of government.

Learning Targets • I will compare and contrast direct democracy with representative democracy and

Learning Targets • I will compare and contrast direct democracy with representative democracy and categorize the similarity and differences between each form of government. • I will identify the cultural contributions of Classical Greece with other ancient civilizations and the influences upon modern western civilization.

Questions

Questions