- Slides: 19
Welcome to the land of finite world.
Introduction Sharif Miah Assistant Teacher Paikara M. U. High School Kalihati , Tangail Mobile : 01719460514 Email : sharifsgbd@gmail. com Class-IX-X Subject: English 2 nd Paper Grammar
The baby is laughing. I saw the baby laughing. Laughing makes the baby cute. The baby likes to laugh.
Our Today’s lesson is on Finite and Non-finite verb
Learning outcomes At the end of the lesson, we will be able to Ø define finite and non-finite verbs Ø list the kinds of non-finite verbs Ø identify finite and non-finite verbs in given sentences
The baby is laughing. Followed its subject. I saw the baby laughing. not followed anything/anyone Followed tense Followed past tense. Laughing made the baby cute. not followed anything/anyone The baby likes to laugh. not followed anything/anyone Followed its subject.
How many kind of verbs have we observed in the previous slide? Two Finite verb The verb that follows its subject & tense is a finite verb. Non-finite verb The verb that does not follow its subject & tense is a nonfinite verb.
Tips Finite verb always stays with subject / after subject but non-finite verb may stay before subject /after verb/at the end of the sentence. If there is no am, is , are, was , were before a verb with ‘ing’ is a non-finite verb. There is no am, is , are, was , were here. The baby came to its mother running. Non-finite verb Going to the field, they began playing.
Find out the finite and non-finite verbs from the passage below. Mother’s love is divine. To have blessing of Allah there is no other alternative to respect her. Loving mother, one can achieve heaven. Allah will bless us for caring our mothers.
Talib likes to play football. Follow Playing well, they won the prize. Playing football is my hobby.
What are the classifications of Non-finite verb? Three Infinitive Participle Gerund Acts as Verb & noun Acts as verb & adjective Acts as verb & noun Verbal Noun Verbal Adjective Verbal Noun
Notice attentively He goes to market to buy foods. Acts as verb & noun To perform such a task is really difficult. Acts as verb & noun Main focus to buy to perform to + verb Infinitive Note : Infinitive is found in answer to ‘What to do. ’
Function of infinitives I asked him to wait outside. Used as the complement of the verb ‘asked’. Used as the subject of the sentence To accomplish such a task is amazing.
Used as verb & adjective I see a flying bird in the sky. A flying bird makes the sky more attractive. Used as verb & adjective Main focus flying verb +ing Participle A participle is a verb that works of both verb and adjective, thus it is a verbal adjective. Note : Participle is found in answer to ‘How. ’
More example Look at the burning candle. Participle Verb + adjective There are three forms of the participle: Present participle (verb + ing) Taking the book, he left the library. Past participle (verb +d / ed) “Give me the promised money, ” the piper said. Perfect participle (have + ing = having) Having closed the door, he went out.
Used as subject (Acts as verb & noun) Painting is my best hobby. I like painting most. Used as object (Acts as verb & noun) Main focus painting verb +ing Gerund A Gerund is a verb that works of both verb and noun, thus it is a verbal noun. Note : Gerund is found in answer to ‘What. ’
Pair work Write down the finite, infinitives, present, past, perfect participles and gerunds from the passage. What is morality? Morality is a divine quality which is seen in human beings. It always leads a man to choose the right way. Conscience is a related part of morality. But greed influences a man doing the wrong. Performing duty, telling the truth, respecting others are also related to morality. By following religion we can achieve these qualities. Having
Home Work Write a paragraph at home in ten sentences about the video you will watch. The sentences will include finite, infinitives, all participles and gerund. The paragraph may be like ------In the video we enjoyed playing football. At the beginning of the match, we saw the players coming to the field running one after another. They were getting them ready to play. There was a referee standing at the middle of the field……………