# Space The Elements of Art The Virtual Instructor

• Slides: 29

Space The Elements of Art The. Virtual. Instructor. com

In terms of art, space is the area above, around, and within an object. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

With consideration to drawings and paintings, our goal is to create the illusion of space. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

There are six ways to create the illusion of space on a 2 -dimensional surface. Overlapping Size Placement on the surface Detail Color and Value Linear Perspective The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Overlapping occurs when objects that are closer to the viewer prevent the view of objects that are behind them. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Objects that are smaller will appear further away from the viewer. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Objects placed higher on the picture plane will appear further away. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Objects that are further away should have less detail than objects that are closer. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Objects that are further away are cooler in color temperature. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Objects that are further away are lighter in value. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Linear perspective is a drawing method that uses lines to create the illusion of space on a flat surface. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

One point perspective uses one vanishing point to accomplish this illusion. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

The first step in one point perspective is to define the horizon line. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

The horizon line divides the sky from the ground. It can also be the “eye level” of the viewer. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Next, define the vanishing point on the horizon line. The vanishing point is the point placed on the horizon line where objects begin to disappear because of distance. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Next, the shape of the object is drawn. Most commonly, a geometric shape is drawn. Organic objects can be “carved out” of a geometric shape. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Lines are drawn from all four corners back to the vanishing point. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Next, a smaller rectangle is drawn so that each corner touches a line that was drawn in the previous step. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Lines that are no longer needed can be erased to reveal a cube. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Two point perspective uses two vanishing points to create the illusion of space. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Two vanishing points are placed on the horizon line. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Next, the corner of the object is drawn between the two vanishing points. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Lines are drawn from each end of the corner to one of the vanishing points. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

This is repeated on the other side of the corner to the other vanishing point. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Next, the ends of the cube are defined by drawing vertical lines. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

A line is drawn from the edge of one of the back corners of the cube to the opposite vanishing point. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

This is repeated for the opposite corner. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Lines that were used as guides can be erased, revealing a 3 -D cube. The. Virtual. Instructor. com

Perspective Drawing Exercises Draw a small city using one point perspective. Include a fence and a line of trees. Draw a box above the horizon line and one below using two point perspective. Draw your name using two point perspective Draw a 3 -dimensional maze using two point perspective. The. Virtual. Instructor. com