# Shape What is shape Shape is a two

• Slides: 42

Shape

What is shape?

Shape is a two dimensional area or space defined by visible boundaries. Shapes become visible when a line encloses an area or there is an apparent change in value (light/dark), color or texture. Shape is sometimes referred to as form, however it should not be confused with the term form when it applies to the physical product. Therefore the term shape is more specific.

Shape is a two dimensional area or space defined by visible boundaries Claude Monet and Roy Lichtenstein. Rouen Cathedral

What is volume and mass?

Two-dimensional areas are referred to as shape, threedimensional area is called mass. Mass is the physical bulk of a solid body of material, mass is often a major element in sculpture. Mass is inseparable from space because 3 -D objects always relate to the space they occupy. In 2 -D, mass must be implied. Volume in three-dimensions is referred to as negative mass. It is the appearance of height, width and depth.

Shape/Mass/Volume Jennifer Bartlett, Boats

Shape/Mass/Volume Shape Jennifer Bartlett, Boats

Shape/Mass/Volume Shape Mass Jennifer Bartlett, Boats

Shape/Mass/Volume Shape Mass Volume Jennifer Bartlett, Boats

When viewing or considering 2 -dimensional versus 3 dimensional works, the latter requires more complex decisions. This is because an object in three dimensions has more viewpoints and angles in which it is seen and thus more angles and viewpoints to consider.

David Smith, Blackburn: Song of an Irish Blacksmith

Naturalism, Distortion, and Idealism

Naturalism is what most people refer to as realism and is concerned with true to life appearance. It is the reproduction of an image with the forms and proportions as seen in nature with the illusion of three-dimensionality.

Naturalism

Distortion is the purposefully altered or exaggerated natural forms, which produce or provoke some sort of emotional response.

Distortion Rottgen Pieta

Distortion Pablo Picasso

Idealism is a type of distortion. It produces images that are based on how they should be and not as they are. It is the improvement of nature and presents itself without flaws.

Idealism Polyclitus

Abstraction

Abstraction is a specific type of distortion. Abstraction reduces the natural shapes to their basic essential character. Details are ignored as the shapes are reduced to their simplest terms.

Abstraction Paul Resika

Abstraction–Biomorphic shapes are abstract shapes which allude to natural, organic forms. Arshile Gorky

Abstraction–Biomorphic shapes are abstract shapes which allude to natural, organic forms. Rebecca Harvey

Nonobjective

Nonobjective shapes are pure forms. They do not represent anything but the shapes themselves. There is no subject matter suggestion or object reference.

Nonobjective Helen Frankenthaler

Nonobjective Daniel Wiener, Chorus

Rectilinear/Curvilinear

Rectilinear shapes are shapes composed of straight lines. Curvilinear shapes are shapes composed of curved/flowing lines.

Rectilinear Yeardley Leonard

Rectilinear

Curvilinear

Positive/Negative

When shapes appear on a picture plane, it automatically creates a second shape out of the background. This relationship is fundamental to our perception of things; it allows us to sort out things. Figure/Ground- Positive/Negative shapes Figure/positive- active or dominant shapes Ground/negative- passive background shapes

Figure/Ground

Integration

Positive/Negative Integration

Confusion M. C. Esher

What type of shape is this?

What type of shape is this?