MODALS AND SEMIMODALS What is the difference between

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MODALS AND SEMI-MODALS

MODALS AND SEMI-MODALS

What is the difference between the two sentences? 1. I can do homework when

What is the difference between the two sentences? 1. I can do homework when I come back from school. 2. I must do homework when I come back from school. What made the difference between the two sentences? Can and must are modals. Modals and semi-modals are helping verbs that give extra meaning to the main verb. After a modal we use a verb in its base form.

Modals: 1. Can – יכול I can swim very well. 2. May – אולי

Modals: 1. Can – יכול I can swim very well. 2. May – אולי I may come to your party. 3. Might – אולי It might rain tomorrow. 4. Should – צריך I should study for my test. 5. Must – חייב I must ask my parents for permission to come to the trip. 1. a. I can to meet you after school. X אחרי !! לב school. שימו b. I can meet you after V Modals כותבים את בצורת for הפועל 2. a. I should studying my test. X כותבים b. I should study for ולא my הבסיס test. V to!

Semi-modals: 1. be able to – יכול 2. have to – חייב 3. ought

Semi-modals: 1. be able to – יכול 2. have to – חייב 3. ought to - צריך parents. I was able to help her. She has to tell her parents about the accidents. I ought to call my semi = חלקי , חצי למה הם נקראים semimodals או , ? )חצי מודלס חלקיים( כי אחריהם יש to לעומת , modals שאחריהם לעולם לא נכתוב to !

? כיצד , ניתן להשתמש במודלס גם בצורת השלילה 1. Can – can’t 2.

? כיצד , ניתן להשתמש במודלס גם בצורת השלילה 1. Can – can’t 2. May – may not 3. Might – might not 4. Should – shouldn’t 5. Must – mustn’t ! היא אסור mustn’t המשמעות של. משתנה בצורת השלילה must המשמעות של המודל 6. Be able to – isn’t aren’t am not able to 7. Have to – don’t doesn’t have to 8. Ought to – ought not

Some of the modals and semi modals can be used in the past tense,

Some of the modals and semi modals can be used in the past tense, but not all of them. 1. Can ------ could 2. Be able to -------waswere able to 3. Have to-------had to 4. May------might 5. Might-------might 6. Should-------x 7. Ought to------x 8. Must------x After a modal in its past form, we use a verb in its base form.

Please copy the next two slides (slides 8 -9) to your notebooks:

Please copy the next two slides (slides 8 -9) to your notebooks:

Modals and semi modals summary: . אלה פעלי עזר בהם אנו משתמשים כדי לתת

Modals and semi modals summary: . אלה פעלי עזר בהם אנו משתמשים כדי לתת לפועל משמעות עמוקה יותר. 1 Modals: can , may, might, should, must Semi-modals: be able to, have to, ought to – יכול Can, be able to – אולי May, might – צריך Should, ought to חייב - Must, have to : ' דוג. אחרי מודל נשים פועל בצורת הבסיס שלו. 2 She can play the piano : ניתן להשתמש במודלס גם בצורת השלילה. 3 1. Can – can’t 2. May – may not 3. Might – might not 4. Should – shouldn’t 5. Must – mustn’t ! היא אסור mustn’t המשמעות של. משתנה בצורת השלילה must המשמעות של המודל 6. Be able to – isn’t aren’t am not able to 7. Have to – don’t doesn’t have to 8. Ought to– ought not

Your task for tomorrow: (11�5) Please do the following pages: In your books –

Your task for tomorrow: (115) Please do the following pages: In your books – p. 114. In your workbooks – p. 142 (only task A), p. 143, 144 (only task D) If you don’t have your workbooks or books at home, use these links to the online versions: Workbook , Book