Past modals for judgments and suggestions When we

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Past modals for judgments and suggestions

Past modals for judgments and suggestions

When we judge past actions we use: should (n´t) have

When we judge past actions we use: should (n´t) have

should (n´t) have We use should (n´t) have when we give an opinion or

should (n´t) have We use should (n´t) have when we give an opinion or judgement about a past situation: Jessica: I didn´t study for the exam. Me: You should´ve studied. It was 50 points. I´m judging Jessica because she didn´t study.

The formula when judging past actions is… should have subject shouldn´t have verb in

The formula when judging past actions is… should have subject shouldn´t have verb in past participle complement He should He (study have studied more) more. They shouldn´t havethat drunk that much. They (drink much) Lucy should have arrived Lucy (arrive early) early. Alex shouldn´t Alex (say have that) said that.

When suggesting alternative past actions we use: could (n´t) have would (n´t) have

When suggesting alternative past actions we use: could (n´t) have would (n´t) have

would (n´t) have We use would (n´t) have when we are imagining a hypothetical

would (n´t) have We use would (n´t) have when we are imagining a hypothetical situation happening to us and doing something different: Jessica: I forgave my boyfriend. Me: I wouldn´t have forgiven him. = If I were Jessica, I wouldn’t have forgiven him.

could (n´t) have We use could (nt´t) have when we are suggesting a hypothetical

could (n´t) have We use could (nt´t) have when we are suggesting a hypothetical past possibility: Jessica: My boyfriend was sad and I didn´t ask him why. Me: You could have shown more empathy. = You had the chance to show empathy but you didn´t.

The formula for suggesting alternative past actions is… could (n´t) have subject would (n´t)

The formula for suggesting alternative past actions is… could (n´t) have subject would (n´t) have verb in past participle complement She (tell truth) She could havethe told the truth. I wouldn´t I (lend have himlent thehim car)the car. Carmen (behave more opportune) Carmen couldn´t been more discreet. I would I (would havefinished it at ithome at home. )