Medical Terminology Medical Terminology for Health Careers provides

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Medical Terminology • • • Medical Terminology for Health Careers provides the strong medical

Medical Terminology • • • Medical Terminology for Health Careers provides the strong medical language foundation that students need for jobs in the healthcare industry. Provides an overview of health care and anatomy and physiology of body system. Emphasizes visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learning modes. Teaches word analysis techniques, core medical terms, and the essential vocabulary of each body system. Offers stimulating, comprehensive exercises that require the recall of terms and word structures as well as analysis and judgment within the context of medical records. Presents anatomy, physiology, pathology, and diagnostic terms within a framework of infant-to-seniors health care. 2

Medical term formation and ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ Construction A. Formation : medical terms

Medical term formation and ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ Construction A. Formation : medical terms and words are usually composed of two or more components: q The root : ﺍﻟﺠﺬﺭ q The prefix : ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺩﺋﺔ q The suffix: ﺍﻟﻼﺣﻖ 5

A. The root ﺍﻟﺠﺬﺭ q. The main part of the word q. The word

A. The root ﺍﻟﺠﺬﺭ q. The main part of the word q. The word root is a term derived from a source language such as Greek or Latin and usually describes a body part. ﺍﻻﻡ ﻭﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺠﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻟﻠﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻣﺸﺘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﻳﺼﻒ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻢ • Example: Cysto (Bladder) ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ 6

The suffix ● ● ● Suffixes are attached to the end of a word

The suffix ● ● ● Suffixes are attached to the end of a word root to add meaning such as condition, disease process, or procedure. . ﺍﻟﻼﺣﻘﺔ ﺗﻮﺻﻞ ﺑﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻟﺘﻌﻄﻲ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ Example: Appendicitis ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﺋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ 8

B. Construction ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺐ The way in which medical terms are constructed can be illustrated

B. Construction ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺐ The way in which medical terms are constructed can be illustrated by the following examples: 1. Prefix, Root and suffix (Pericarditis) 2. Two roots and a suffix (Osteo-myelitis) ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺏ ﻧﺨﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻢ 3. Prefix and root (Dyspnea) ﺻﻌﻮﺑﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﺲ 4. Root and suffix (Cystitis) ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ 5. Prefix and suffix (Endoscopy) ﺗﻨﻈﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ 9

The Prefixes q. Term: A-An q. Meaning: lack of –Absence ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻭ ﻏﻴﺎﺏ q.

The Prefixes q. Term: A-An q. Meaning: lack of –Absence ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻭ ﻏﻴﺎﺏ q. Examples: § Atrophy: lack of growth ﺿﻤﻮﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮ § Asymptomatic: Absence of symptoms ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻋﺮﺍﺽ § Acyanotic (Absence of cyanosis) ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺯﺭﻗﺎﻕ § Anencephaly: ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺭﺃﺲ Without head § Anuria: ﻻ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﺑﻮﻝ abscence of urine § Anemia: ﻓﻘﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ loss of blood § Analgesia: lack of Pain( ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻢ )ﻣﺨﺪﺭ 17

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Aden-(o) q. Meaning: gland ﻏﺪﺓ q. Example: § Adenoma:

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Aden-(o) q. Meaning: gland ﻏﺪﺓ q. Example: § Adenoma: ﻭﺭﻡ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﺩ Enlargement of gland § Adenocarcinoma: ﻭﺭﻡ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻃﺎﻧﻲ Tumors of gland § Adenitis : ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﺩ Inflammation of gland 18

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Anteq. Meaning: before ﻗﺒﻞ q. Example: § Antepartum: ﻗﺒﻞ

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Anteq. Meaning: before ﻗﺒﻞ q. Example: § Antepartum: ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﺩﺓ ﺃﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺃﺔ Before delivery § Antenatal: ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ Before birth 19

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Antiq. Meaning: against-Contra ﺿﺪ q. Example: § § Antiviral:

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Antiq. Meaning: against-Contra ﺿﺪ q. Example: § § Antiviral: ﻣﻀﺎﺩ ﻟﻠﻔﻴﺮﻭﺳﺎﺕ Against virus Antimicrobial: Against Microbe ﻣﻀﺎﺩ ﻟﻠﻤﻴﻜﺮﻭﺑﺎﺕ Anticonvulsive: ﻣﻀﺎﺩ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﻨﺠﺎﺕ Against Convulsion Antibiotic: ﻣﻀﺎﺩ ﺣﻴﻮﻱ Against bio 20

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Arteri -(o) q. Meaning: artery-arterial ﺷﺮﻳﺎﻥ q. Example: §

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Arteri -(o) q. Meaning: artery-arterial ﺷﺮﻳﺎﻥ q. Example: § Arteriosclerosis : ﺗﺼﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺍﻳﻴﻦ Hardening of arteries § Arteritis: ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﺎﻥ Inflammation of artery 21

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Arthr -(o) q. Meaning: joint ﻣﻔﺼﻞ q. Example: §

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Arthr -(o) q. Meaning: joint ﻣﻔﺼﻞ q. Example: § Arthritis : ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﺻﻞ Inflammation of joint § Arthralgia: ﺍﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﺻﻞ Pain at the joint § Arthrocentesis: Withdrawing fluids from the Joint ﺳﺤﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺋﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺼﻞ § Arthrotomy: An opening in the joint ﻓﺘﺤﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻔﺼﻞ 22

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Audi- , Audioq. Meaning: pertaining to ear ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻷﺬﻥ

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Audi- , Audioq. Meaning: pertaining to ear ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻷﺬﻥ ﺃﻮ ﺳﻤﻌﻲ q. Example: § Auditory : ﺳﻤﻊ hearing § Audiology: ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ 23

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Autoq. Meaning: self, for oneself ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﺍﺕ q. Example:

The Prefixes-Cont. (A) q. Term: Autoq. Meaning: self, for oneself ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﺍﺕ q. Example: § Autoimmune : ﺫﺍﺗﻲ self immunity 24

The Prefixes-Cont. (B) q. Term: Bi q. Meaning: twice ﻣﺮﺗﻴﻦ q. Example: § bilateral

The Prefixes-Cont. (B) q. Term: Bi q. Meaning: twice ﻣﺮﺗﻴﻦ q. Example: § bilateral : ﻛﻼ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻧﺒﻴﻦ Both sides 25

The Prefixes-Cont. (B) q. Term: Brady q. Meaning: slow- decrease ﺑﻄﺀ ﺍﻭ ﻗﻠﺔ q.

The Prefixes-Cont. (B) q. Term: Brady q. Meaning: slow- decrease ﺑﻄﺀ ﺍﻭ ﻗﻠﺔ q. Example: § Bradycardia : ﺑﻄﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺧﻔﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ slow heart beat § Bradypnea: ﺑﻄﺀ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﺲ decrease of respiratory rate 26

The Prefixes-Cont. (B) q. Term: bronch- , bronchoq. Meaning: bronchus or bronchi ﻗﺼﺒﺔ ﺍﻭ

The Prefixes-Cont. (B) q. Term: bronch- , bronchoq. Meaning: bronchus or bronchi ﻗﺼﺒﺔ ﺍﻭ ﺷﻌﺒﺔ ﻫﻮﺍﺋﻴﺔ q. Example: § Bronchoscope: ﻣﻨﻈﺎﺭ ﺭﺋﻮﻱ § Bronchitis: inflammation of bronchi ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﻮﺍﺋﻴﺔ 27