- Slides: 18
PARTS OF SPEECH
PARTS OF SPEECH OPEN NOUNS VERBS CLOSED ADJECTIVES ADVERBS PREPOSITIONS CONJUNCTIONS DETERMINERS AUXILIARIES
A NOUN n n a word which names a person, place or thing proper nouns and common nouns
Most nouns are common nouns and do not begin with a capital letter. Proper nouns are nouns which begin with a capital letter because it is the name of a specific or particular person place or thing. n If you see a word beginning with a capital letter in in the middle of a sentence, it is probably a proper noun. n n n n n Mexico John F. Kennedy Atlantic Ocean February Monday New York City Susan Maple Street Burger King
Many nouns have a special plural form if there is more than one. n n For example, we say one book but two books. Plurals are usually formed by adding an -s (books) or -es (boxes) some plurals are formed in different ways (child - children, person - people, mouse - mice, sheep - sheep)
A VERB n n a word which shows action or state of being every sentence must have a verb
The dog bit the man. n bit is the verb and the word which shows the action of the sentence.
The man is sitting on a chair. n even though the action doesn't show much activity, sitting is the verb of the sentence.
She is a smart girl. n n there is no action but a state of being expressed by the verb is. the word be is different from other verbs in many ways but can still be thought of as a verb.
Verb ‘To Be’ Subject Present Past Perfect (past participle) Progressive (present participle) I am was have been am being We are were have been are being You are were have been are being They are were have been are being He is was has been is being She is was has been is being It is was has been is being
verbs change their form n n n Sometimes endings are added learn - learned sometimes the word itself becomes different teach-taught The different forms of verbs show different meanings related to such things as : q q tense (past, present, future) person (first person, second person, third person) number (singular, plural) voice (active, passive)
An Adjective n n modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies.
q q q q The truck-shaped balloon floated over the treetops. Mrs. Morrison papered her kitchen walls with hideous wall paper. The small boat foundered on the wine dark sea. The coal mines are dark and dank. Many stores have already begun to play irritating Christmas music. A battered music box sat on the mahogany sideboard. The back room was filled with large, yellow rain boots.
An Adverb n n n can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as "how, " "when, " "where, " "how much". Unlike an adjective, an adverb can be found in various places within the sentence.
The seamstress quickly made the mourning clothes. n In this sentence, the adverb "quickly" modifies the verb "made" and indicates in what manner (or how fast) the clothing was constructed.
The midwives waited patiently through a long labour. n Similarly in this sentence, the adverb "patiently" modifies the verb "waited" and describes the manner in which the midwives waited.
The boldly spoken words would return to haunt the rebel. n In this sentence the adverb "boldly" modifies the adjective "spoken. "