Unit 4 Grammar B+C
Countable and uncountable nouns A countable noun refers to something we can count. An uncountable noun refers to something we cannot count. Here are some examples.
Countable nouns Uncountable nouns Singular Plural an apple two apples bread a table two tables water a ruler two rulers hair TIP Only countable nouns have plural forms: apples tables rulers
To form the plural form of most countable nouns, we add ‘s’ to the singular form. However, there are some exceptions. Most nouns +s a book → books Nouns ending in a – y + ies a story → stories consonant + y
Nouns ending in s, sh, ch or x Nouns ending in o + es +s + es a glass → glasses a wish → wishes a watch → watches a box → boxes a piano → pianos a radio → radios a mango → mangoes
Nouns ending in f or fe – f or fe + ves a shelf →shelves a knife →knives
Look at the pictures. Write a C for countable nouns and a U for uncountable nouns. 1 2 bread ( U ) banana ( C )
3 4 tea ( U ) carrot ( C )
We can also use nouns in front of uncountable nouns to show their amounts. a…of + uncountable noun a glass of milk a kilo of meat
a…of + uncountable noun a cup of tea a packet of salt a bowl of rice
Finish and write the nouns in the correct column of the table. Millie: Mum , What do we need? Mrs. Wang: We need some _____, chicken bag of_____ rice and a____ packet of____. salt a ____ Millie: Do we need to buy some fruit _______?
carrots Mrs. Wang: Yes. Let’s buy some_______ potatoes and _____. mangoes Millie: I want to buy some_____. They are Grandpa’s favourite, apple And we have only one_______. We need to buy some, too.
Mrs. Wang: OK, I think we need Coke and three some_____ cartons milk _____of ______. Millie: Yes.
Countable Uncountable nouns potatoes carrots mangoes vegetables apples chicken rice fruit salt Coke milk
Grammar: C Using “there is/ there are” There is a singular noun an uncountable noun There are + a plural noun 否定形式: BE + not
一般疑问句形式: Is there a singular noun an uncountable noun Are there + a plural noun
(1)There are many students in the classroom. 教室里有许多学生。 (2)There is a picture on the wall. 墙上有一张画。 (3)There are seven days in a week. 一周有七天。
(4) There is a box of apples on the table. 在there be 结构中一定要注意谓语就近的 原则。 (5) There is a pen and two books on the desk.
(6) There are two books and a pen on the desk. There be的句型转换： 一般疑问句及其回答： Is (Are) there. . . ? Yes, there is. No, there isn't. 否定句： There is (are) not. . .
1. 桌上有一些面包. There is some bread on the table. 2. 他的笔袋里有一块橡皮. There is an eraser in his pencil case. 3. 我们学校有两个网球场. There are two tennis courts in our school. 句型转换: a)否定句 b) 一般疑问句
Oral composition Using “There is/ are” to make a composition with your classmates A) My pencil case B) My school C) My bedroom D) My classroom
Talking about Sunnyside Kitty wants to send an e-mail about Sunnyside Shopping Mall to her e-friend. Help her complete the sentences below with “there is” and “there are”