COUNTABLE/ UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
Nouns Proper Nouns Common Nouns Resista Vikaliana, 2014 Countable Nouns Uncountab le Nouns
There are 2 kinds of noun in English: Countable Things you can count (singular or plural) One apple, two apples, three apples… Uncountable Things you can´t count (they can’t be plural) Butter, meat… Some nouns can be countable or uncountable but the meaning is different. © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007 Example: chocolate
There are some nouns we can use in both countable and uncountable form; Countable Meaning q There is a hair in my soup q A chicken escaped from the henhouse. q My favorite works of art are from China. Uncountable Meaning q Sandra has black and long hair. q We had chicken for dinner. q It takes work to prepare a meal.
COUNTABLE NOUNS Countable nouns have a plural form Singular: a car an eggplant Three books Plural Form Some books Many books
COUNTABLE NOUNS We can use countable nouns with certain definition of numbers. For example; two kilograms tomatoes, five dictionaries, seven group of cows, tons of oranges, three kilograms lemons, eighty students
COUNTABLE NOUNS SINGULAR FORM a mobile phone a computer a business magazine an english book a dictionary PLURAL FORM five mobile phones seven computers three business magazines nine english books eleven dictionaries
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS Uncountable nouns are substances, concepts etc that we cannot divide into separate elements. We cannot "count" them. For example, we cannot count "milk". We can count "bottles of milk" ( quantifiers) or "litres of milk", but we cannot count "milk" itself.
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS Notice the following categories and examples of uncountable nouns; Abstractions: chance, energy, honesty, love… Activities: basketball, dancing, singing, tennis… Diseases: AIDS, cancer, influenza, malaria… Foods: beef, bread, fish, fruit, meat… Gases: air, carbon dioxide, oxygen, smoke… Liquids: coffee, gasoline, milk, tea, water… Natural phenomena: electricity, heat, rain, thunder…
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS Occupations: dentistry, nursing, teaching… Particles: dust, pepper, salt, sand, sugar… Solid elements: gold, iron, plutonium, silver… Subjects: Chinese, English, physics, science… Others: equipment, furniture, money, news…
Some Examples with Uncountable Nouns q q q q I drink a cup of coffee in everyday. There is any sugar in the kitchen. My mother buy seven bottles of milk for a week. She eats a bar of chocolate whenever she wants. He met me with a bunch of flower in his arms. There is so much butter in this meal. Everybody feels the love inside himself.
q q q We have a group of furniture in our house. They wanted some salt for their plumbs. In summer, I like drinking water with a block of ice. I bought a pocket of tea for my guests. There was so much snow that we all were cold when we were outside. The room has little ligth. We nearly can see each other.
Identify the following objects as countable or uncountable. 1. Q: Information a) countable b) uncountable 2. Q: Rules a) countable b) uncountable 3. Q: Sheep a) countable b) uncountable 4. Q: Money a) countable b) uncountable 5. Q: Rice a) countable b) uncountable 6. Q: Bottles Of Syrup a) countable b) uncountable
a/an / some/ any
A / AN / SOME / ANY Type of sentence Countable Uncountable + We need an apple some apples some butter some milk - We don’t need a tomato any tomatoes any rice any sugar ? Do we need a tomato? any rice? any tomatoes? any sugar? Use a / an with singular countable nouns. Use some with plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns in + sentences. Use any with plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns in – or ? sentences. We can also use some in ? to ask for and offerings: Can I have some coffee? Do you want some biscuits? © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007
I’d like some juice. unspecified quantity I’d like a glass of juice. specified quantity
Some: Affirmative sentences: There is some money Any: Negative and Interrogative sentences: Is there any money? No, there isn’t. There isn’t any money
Other Uses of ‘any’ To mean “all” or “every” Any Sales Managers can sale these products For comparison, we use any This situation is more serious than anyone predicts This case is too complicated than anything happened
Replace the underlined words with a word or phrase from these italic words below 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. a few much all no few most Not many but some of our clients responded to the survey The majority of them had some positive comments to make Not one of our customers thought our products were unreliable A lot of constructive criticism centred on product distribution and delivery Not many and not enough customers wanted regular news on our new products and services Every one of the respondents said our packaging was good
7 -8 Let’s Practice some any I need _____ some time to study.
7 -8 Let’s Practice some any There is _____ some cheese.
7 -8 Let’s Practice some any There aren’t _____ any horses in the field.
Choose a / an / some Milk some Biscuits a Chair some Coffee some Pasta some Money some Students some / a Toast some Wine some Cars some People some Homework some / an Ice cream an Orange some Fruit some Fish © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007
1. There isn't _____ sugar in my coffee. 2. There are ______ oranges in the fridge. 3. There aren't ______ tomatoes on the table. 4. There is ______ oil in the kitchen. 5. There is ______ orange juice.
How Much? How Many?
How Much or How Many
How much / how many…? Use How much…? with uncountable nouns. How much water do you drink? Use How many…? with plural countable nouns. Possible answers: I drink a lot of water. I drink quite a lot. I don’t drink much water. (not much) I don’t drink any water. None. Not many (students). How many students do you © Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007 have?
How Much Uncountab le Nouns How Many Countable Nouns
How Many or How Much ? 1. How much/ How many cars are there? There are six cars!
2. How much/ How many Sugar is there? There are three spoons of sugar
3. How much/ How many pictures are there? There are six pictures.
4. How much/ How many milk is there? There are two boxes of milk
We usually treat uncountable nouns as singular : We use a singular verb. For example: This news is very important. Your luggage looks heavy. You can count uncountable nouns if you use: A piece of… cheese A bowl of… soup A cup of… tea A bottle of…syrup A carton of…milk A bar of… chocolate
Here are some of the most common containers / quantity expressions for these uncountable nouns: advice - a piece of advice baggage - a piece of baggage bread - a slice of bread, a loaf of bread equipment - a piece of equipment furniture - a piece of furniture garbage - a piece of garbage information - a piece of information knowledge - a fact
luggage - a piece of luggage, a bag, a suitcase money - a note, a coin musica – a song, a piece news - a piece of news pasta - a plate of pasta, a serving of pasta research - a piece of research, a research project travel - a journey, a trip work - a job, a position
Here are some more common uncountable food types with their container / quantity expressions § § § : liquids (water, beer, juice etc. ) - a glass, a bottle, a jug of water, etc. cheese - a slice, a chunk, a piece of cheese meat - a piece, a slice, a pound of meat butter - a bar of butter ketchup, mayonnaise, mustard - a bottle of, a tube of ketchup, etc.
COUNTABLE All Many (of the) Most (of the) A lot of Lots of Several (of the) A few (of the) Few (of the) no UNCOUNTABLE All of the Most (of the) Much of the A lot of the Lots of Several (of the) a little (of the) Little (of the) no
References: Basic of English Betty Schrampfer A. , New Jersey: Prentice Hall Regent, 1989 The Language of Business English (Grammar and Functions). Prentice Hall International Ltd, London, 1994 www. taipolst. edu. hk/. . . /P 2 Countable. Nouns_and_Unc ountable. Nouns. ppt (has been downloaded in November 2014) egitim. erciyes. edu. tr/. . . /2. . . /50 Countableuncount. PPT (has been downloaded in November 2014) www. educacional. com. br/. . . /countable%20 and%20 u ncountable%20 noun. (has been downloaded in