Nouns Common nouns Mass (uncountable) nouns Concrete (countable) nouns Proper nouns Collective nouns Compond nouns Abstract nouns
Common Nouns Common nouns are general names for people, things, animals and places. Example: doctor, house, elephant, village, town, etc. Proper Nouns Proper nouns are specific names for people, things, animals and places. The first letter of a proper noun is usually capitalised. Example: Misha, James, Honda, Dumbo, Kota Kinabalu, Japan, etc. Concrete (countable) Nouns Concrete nouns are names of something or someone that can be experienced through our five senses – sight, smell, touch, hearing and taste. Most concrete nouns are countable. They can be in singular or plural. Example: Singular – salesman, watch, car, kitchen, mountain, city Plural –salesman, watches, cars, kittens, mountains, cities
Mass (uncountable) Nouns Mass nouns are names of objects that cannot be counted. These nouns only exist in singular forms. This means that we cannot add ‘-s’ to make the nouns plural. Example: Water, oil, salt, steel, etc. Collective Nouns Collective nouns are words that refer to a group of people or things, but these words are singular in form. Example: furniture, jewellery, swarm, flock, pride, etc. Abstract Nouns Abstract nouns are the opposite of concrete nouns. They cannot be experienced through our five senses because they do not have any physical existence. They are names given to feelings or ideas. Example: honesty, jealousy, fairness, etc.
Compound Nouns Compound nouns are nouns made up of a combination of two or more words. The combined words form a new word and carry a different meaning from the original words. They can be written as one word, separate words or hyphenated words. Example: football, toothbrush, fruit juice, bus stop, role-play, mother-in-law, etc.