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Tobacco • Tobacco is a leafy plant grown around the world. • There are many chemicals found in tobacco leaves or created by burning them • WHO has categorized tobacco use as one among the five greatest risk factors for mortality.
Nicotine • Poisons alkaloid “nicotine” is the chief active ingredient in tobacco • Nicotine is the major ingredient which leads to addiction • Used as a pesticide
Nicotine • Inhaling nicotine stimulates the nervous system and increases blood pressure • Continuous use makes blood vessels contracted • Nicotine users get addicted just like drug addicts
Chemicals included in Tobacco
Tar • Sticky substance when tobacco is burnt • Includes Carcinogenic and poisonous chemicals
Benzopyrine • Found in coal tar used for construction of roads and tobacco smoke
Carbon Monoxide • Affects the functioning of heart , brain and muscles • Reduces the capacity of red blood corpuscles to supply oxygen to other tissues
Formaldehyde • Used to prevent tobacco from drying up • Formaldehyde is used for preserving dead bodies • Affects the skin and digestive system and is carcinogenic
Benzene • Used in pesticides and poisonous substances • Cause Cancer
Hydrogen Cyanide • Most toxic element in tobacco which destroys micro fibers called cilia in the trachea • And due to this other toxic substances enter the lungs easily
Cadmium • Used in car batteries. • Cadmium affects liver, kidney and the brain • Doesn’t get removed from the body easily
Ammonia • Ammonia is a chemical used for cleaning leads to addiction by increasing the absorption of nicotine
How do people use tobacco • People can smoke , chew, or sniff tobacco. • Smoked tobacco products include cigarettes, cigars, bidis, and hookah(Water pipe) • Chewed tobacco products include chewing tobacco, snuff, dip and snus, Snuff can also be sniffed
Tobacco and health problems • Cancer-Major reason for cancer is tobacco. – Tongue, Mouth, Throat, Lungs. • Tobacco affects Brain • Nicotine in tobacco readily absorbs into the blood when a person uses it
Tobacco and health problems • Upon entering the blood nicotine immediately stimulates adrenal gland to release the hormone epinephrine(adrenaline). • Epinephrine stimulates the central nervous system and increase blood pressure, breathing, and heart rate.
Tobacco and health problems • Studies suggest that other chemicals in tobacco smoke, such as acetaldehyde, may enhance nicotines effect on the brain
Tobacco and health effects
Health Effects • Smoking causes stroke and coronary heart disease • Even people who smoke fewer than five cigarettes a day can have early signs of cardiovascular disease • Smoking damages blood vessels and can make them thicker and grow narrower. This makes your heartbeat faster and your blood pressure go up.
Health Effects • Nicotine is addictive, most of the severe health effects of tobacco use comes from other chemicals. • Tobacco smoking can lead to lung cancers, leukemia, cataracts, and pneumonia. Smokeless tobacco increases the risk of cancer, especially mouth cancers.
Health Effects • Pregnant women who smoke cigarettes run an increased risk of miscarriage, stillborn or premature infants with low birth weight. • Smoking while pregnant may also be associated with learning and behavioural problems in exposed children. • Low birth weight and preterm birth
Health Effects • Restricted head growth • Placental problems • Increased risk of miscarriage
Health effects of Tobacco • Incessant cough • Disorders in blood circulation and blood pressure result in heart diseases • Organs like tongue , oral cavity, throat , vocal chord, lungs, alimentary canal, stomach pancreas and liver have high chances of being affected with cancer
Health Effects • Respiratory disorders • Bronchitis • Emphysema • Chronic Obstructive pulmonary disease
Health Effects • Oral diseases – Peridontitis – Tooth cavities Pyrrohea – Change of colour of teeth, Infection
Treatments for tobacco use • Pharmacotherapies-various forms of nicotine replacement therapy • Behavioral therapies • Cognitive Behavior Therapy • Relaxation Exercise • Motivational Interviewing
Treatment for tobacco use • Nicotine Replacement Therapy. • Individual Counselling • Group Counselling We help you for treatment -14405