Tobacco Tobacco Tobacco is a leafy plant grown

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Tobacco

Tobacco

Tobacco • Tobacco is a leafy plant grown around the world. • There are

Tobacco • Tobacco is a leafy plant grown around the world. • There are many chemicals found in tobacco leaves or created by burning them • WHO has categorized tobacco use as one among the five greatest risk factors for mortality.

Nicotine • Poisons alkaloid “nicotine” is the chief active ingredient in tobacco • Nicotine

Nicotine • Poisons alkaloid “nicotine” is the chief active ingredient in tobacco • Nicotine is the major ingredient which leads to addiction • Used as a pesticide

Nicotine • Inhaling nicotine stimulates the nervous system and increases blood pressure • Continuous

Nicotine • Inhaling nicotine stimulates the nervous system and increases blood pressure • Continuous use makes blood vessels contracted • Nicotine users get addicted just like drug addicts

Chemicals included in Tobacco

Chemicals included in Tobacco

Tar • Sticky substance when tobacco is burnt • Includes Carcinogenic and poisonous chemicals

Tar • Sticky substance when tobacco is burnt • Includes Carcinogenic and poisonous chemicals

Benzopyrine • Found in coal tar used for construction of roads and tobacco smoke

Benzopyrine • Found in coal tar used for construction of roads and tobacco smoke

Carbon Monoxide • Affects the functioning of heart , brain and muscles • Reduces

Carbon Monoxide • Affects the functioning of heart , brain and muscles • Reduces the capacity of red blood corpuscles to supply oxygen to other tissues

Formaldehyde • Used to prevent tobacco from drying up • Formaldehyde is used for

Formaldehyde • Used to prevent tobacco from drying up • Formaldehyde is used for preserving dead bodies • Affects the skin and digestive system and is carcinogenic

Benzene • Used in pesticides and poisonous substances • Cause Cancer

Benzene • Used in pesticides and poisonous substances • Cause Cancer

Hydrogen Cyanide • Most toxic element in tobacco which destroys micro fibers called cilia

Hydrogen Cyanide • Most toxic element in tobacco which destroys micro fibers called cilia in the trachea • And due to this other toxic substances enter the lungs easily

Cadmium • Used in car batteries. • Cadmium affects liver, kidney and the brain

Cadmium • Used in car batteries. • Cadmium affects liver, kidney and the brain • Doesn’t get removed from the body easily

Ammonia • Ammonia is a chemical used for cleaning leads to addiction by increasing

Ammonia • Ammonia is a chemical used for cleaning leads to addiction by increasing the absorption of nicotine

How do people use tobacco • People can smoke , chew, or sniff tobacco.

How do people use tobacco • People can smoke , chew, or sniff tobacco. • Smoked tobacco products include cigarettes, cigars, bidis, and hookah(Water pipe) • Chewed tobacco products include chewing tobacco, snuff, dip and snus, Snuff can also be sniffed

Tobacco and health problems • Cancer-Major reason for cancer is tobacco. – Tongue, Mouth,

Tobacco and health problems • Cancer-Major reason for cancer is tobacco. – Tongue, Mouth, Throat, Lungs. • Tobacco affects Brain • Nicotine in tobacco readily absorbs into the blood when a person uses it

Tobacco and health problems • Upon entering the blood nicotine immediately stimulates adrenal gland

Tobacco and health problems • Upon entering the blood nicotine immediately stimulates adrenal gland to release the hormone epinephrine(adrenaline). • Epinephrine stimulates the central nervous system and increase blood pressure, breathing, and heart rate.

Tobacco and health problems • Studies suggest that other chemicals in tobacco smoke, such

Tobacco and health problems • Studies suggest that other chemicals in tobacco smoke, such as acetaldehyde, may enhance nicotines effect on the brain

Tobacco and health effects

Tobacco and health effects

Health Effects • Smoking causes stroke and coronary heart disease • Even people who

Health Effects • Smoking causes stroke and coronary heart disease • Even people who smoke fewer than five cigarettes a day can have early signs of cardiovascular disease • Smoking damages blood vessels and can make them thicker and grow narrower. This makes your heartbeat faster and your blood pressure go up.

Health Effects • Nicotine is addictive, most of the severe health effects of tobacco

Health Effects • Nicotine is addictive, most of the severe health effects of tobacco use comes from other chemicals. • Tobacco smoking can lead to lung cancers, leukemia, cataracts, and pneumonia. Smokeless tobacco increases the risk of cancer, especially mouth cancers.

Health Effects • Pregnant women who smoke cigarettes run an increased risk of miscarriage,

Health Effects • Pregnant women who smoke cigarettes run an increased risk of miscarriage, stillborn or premature infants with low birth weight. • Smoking while pregnant may also be associated with learning and behavioural problems in exposed children. • Low birth weight and preterm birth

Health Effects • Restricted head growth • Placental problems • Increased risk of miscarriage

Health Effects • Restricted head growth • Placental problems • Increased risk of miscarriage

Health effects of Tobacco • Incessant cough • Disorders in blood circulation and blood

Health effects of Tobacco • Incessant cough • Disorders in blood circulation and blood pressure result in heart diseases • Organs like tongue , oral cavity, throat , vocal chord, lungs, alimentary canal, stomach pancreas and liver have high chances of being affected with cancer

Health Effects • Respiratory disorders • Bronchitis • Emphysema • Chronic Obstructive pulmonary disease

Health Effects • Respiratory disorders • Bronchitis • Emphysema • Chronic Obstructive pulmonary disease

Health Effects • Oral diseases – Peridontitis – Tooth cavities Pyrrohea – Change of

Health Effects • Oral diseases – Peridontitis – Tooth cavities Pyrrohea – Change of colour of teeth, Infection

Treatments for tobacco use • Pharmacotherapies-various forms of nicotine replacement therapy • Behavioral therapies

Treatments for tobacco use • Pharmacotherapies-various forms of nicotine replacement therapy • Behavioral therapies • Cognitive Behavior Therapy • Relaxation Exercise • Motivational Interviewing

Treatment for tobacco use • Nicotine Replacement Therapy. • Individual Counselling • Group Counselling

Treatment for tobacco use • Nicotine Replacement Therapy. • Individual Counselling • Group Counselling We help you for treatment -14405