Scale Proportion Too Big Too Small Just Right

• Slides: 28

Scale & Proportion Too Big, Too Small, Just Right!

PROPORTION The ratio of the parts to the whole and the surrounding areas. The most effective proportions have an uneven ration. n Draping a throw over the corner of the chair is more pleasing than over the entire chair. Square is the least pleasing shape. Rectangles are pleasing

Too Little. Too much space between objects makes the candlesticks and the toosmall frame look lonely, the bare wall yawning above.

Too Much. There’s no time to pause to consider any single object, since they are all stepping on one another’s toes in a jostle for space.

Just Right. The weight now shifted to the left side, fewer items are needed there for balance.

Too Tall. Used as an end table, this wood pedestal towers over the sofa, making the sofa appear small and the pairing awkward.

Too Short. The lamp would need to be fully stretched to offer good illumination from this low point.

Just Right. The perfect pairing, visually and physically, is a tabletop that is a couple of inches shorter than the sofa arm.

THE GOLDEN MEAN If you divide a line at just the right point, between ½ and 1/3 from the end, the ratio of the larger segment to the smaller segment will equal the whole. n n n Tie backs on a drapery – not half-way between the top and the bottom of the window, but at the point of golden mean, between the ½ and 1/3 point. Chair rails 2: 3 is most effective (3: 5, 4: 7, 5: 8)

The mantel is not in the center of the wall. The wall board goes above the center The book shelves?

Scale The relative size of an object in relation to the height and width of the area in which the object is placed. Item may be in proportion to itself, but furniture and accessories must be in scale to the room

Consider These: Size of the human body in scale to the item in use. n Adult in a child's chair Furniture and accessories Amount of furnishings Size of furnishings to the scale of the room n n Small rooms do not use large furniture or a large amount. A large floor lamp next to a delicate loveseat would be incorrect, but a slender floor lamp would work

Too Big. Picture in proportion to itself There’s no breathing room in this area-to-sofa match.

Too Little. Picture is proportion This picture is tall enough, roughly matching the height of the sofa. But it ends up looking leggy and lost because it’s too skinny in proportion to the sofa’s width.

Just Right. Proportional picture To size a single picture, choose one that’s nearly the same height as the sofa and between half and two-thirds its width.

Too Big. Coffee table is overscaled for the sofa.

Too Small. Table not only looks out of proportion, it functions poorly as well.

Just Right. The table is substantial enough to anchor the furniture grouping, yet it leaves room for traffic flow around both ends.

Too Big. This rug covers too much of the floor beyond the conversation area to define it as a discrete space.

Too Small. Instead of creating intimacy, the rug only increases the appearance of isolation.

Just Right. Choose an area rug that’s about as long and wide as the furnishings in the space.

Too Big. This tall lamp towers above the nearby sofa and chair. It is also several inches taller than the table it rests on, throwing the balance off there as well.

Too Small. This lamp is overwhelmed by the highback sofa and stocky chair that surround it.

Just Right. For the best fit, an end-table lamp should be tall enough to clear the top of the sofa with a little room to spare, yet not so tall that it dwarfs the table it rests on.

Too Big. This 5 -footwide double pendant chandelier overpowers the table.

Too Small. The fixture is too small to adequately light the table.

Just Right. In general, a chandelier’s width or diameter should be at least 2 feet narrower than the table length.

Proportion and Scale assignments Poor Proportion Either create a sketch or find a picture of a basic piece of furniture (chair, lamp, table). Draw or create by gluing on, new parts to the basic piece. Ie: a larger shade on the lamp. Create 2 variations of the original basic piece. Explain why it is out of proportion to the original. Professionally mount the designs. Scale /Proportion Find an appropriate picture of scale and proportion and describe how the designer used these principles to create a pleasing design. Professionally mount this tear sheet.