- Slides: 18
Paragraphs • A paragraph is a group of sentences about one main idea. • It can be as short or as long as you like as long as you are sure that the topic or idea you have been covering has been fully explored in that paragraph. • Once you feel happy that you have nothing further to say on that particular subject, you should move on to a new paragraph.
Linking Paragraphs can be linked by numbers… • In the first place. . . • In the second place. . . • In the third place. . . Firstly--------secondly--------thirdly …However you cannot use numbers unless you have two or three points to make.
Linking Paragraphs can be linked by phrases; • in spite of this. . . • although this is true. . . • on the contrary. . . • on the other hand. . . • another way. . • not only. . • but also. . • to sum up. . • you might think that. .
Paragraph Length There is no standard length for a paragraph… A paragraph should not be so long that you lose track of the thought being expressed. If in doubt, divide a long paragraph into two shorter ones. It is confusing if a piece of writing consists mainly of very short paragraphs. The exception to this is speech. In a story that contains dialogue, it is normal to use a new paragraph each time a new person speaks.
Paragraph Headings Paragraphs can be arranged under headings in information texts, leaflets and brochures. Paragraphs can also be used to describe a sequence of logical events. For example… Imagine you have just witnessed a serious injury at your workplace. You have to write a detailed accident report. • What has happened? • When did it happen? • Where did it happen? • How did it happen? • Who was involved?
Paragraph Headings Example: Imagine you are writing an introductory leaflet for a yoga class. • What key facts would you like to include? • What order do you feel the points should be in? • What is Yoga? • Why should I do Yoga? • What will it do for me? • Where will the classes be held? • What time will the classes start? • How much will they cost? • What should I wear? • Do I need to be fit?
Paragraph Headings Handout
Paragraph Topic The topic of a paragraph is generally introduced by a key sentence. This is often called a topic sentence. This sentence contains the central idea of the paragraph. It may make a statement that the rest of the sentence develops. It often - but not always - comes at the beginning of the paragraph. • Topic sentence - the first sentence of a paragraph that tells the reader what the paragraph is about. • Supporting sentences - these sentences add details to the topic sentence • Ending sentence - this concludes or closes the paragraph.
Paragraph Topic Example: The topic is learning. • The topic sentence could be: Learning is very important • Three supporting sentences relate to the topic sentence: 1. You learn how to study. 2. Trainers teach you how to organise your work. 3. You learn how to use equipment. The supporting sentences can be moved around so that the paragraph is in order or makes more sense. To strengthen your writing, make sure that each of your supporting sentences relates well to the topic sentence.
Paragraph Topic Ending sentence to close/finish/end the paragraph. They can: a) repeat the topic sentence in a different way b) express how we feel about the topic c) express what we think about the topic. It is important to go to college I love going to college I think college is important for people of all ages (repeating topic sentence) (expresses feelings) (expresses thoughts).
Paragraph Topic Reminder: Make sure the facts you are writing are related to the exact question you are going to answer in your paragraph. • What facts and ideas can I use to support my introductory sentence • Where can I find more facts on this topic? • Why is this topic important? • How can I make this paragraph more interesting?
More Detail A well structured paragraph can, firstly, help us to become more critical readers, able to identify key points and recognise examples etc. Secondly, we can become more confident and effective writers. Think carefully and organise your ideas for your paragraph before you start writing
Topic Sentence What does the topic sentence do? It introduces the main idea of the sentence. How do I write one? Summarize the main idea of your paragraph. Indicate to the reader what your paragraph will be about. "There are three reasons why Britain is one of the best countries in the world. ” First, Britain has an excellent transport system. Second, Britain has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying during their career. Finally, Britain's cities are clean and efficiently managed. As a result, Britain is a desirable place to live. "
Supporting Sentences What are supporting sentences? They come after the topic sentence, making up the body of the paragraph. What do they do? They give details to develop and support the main idea of the paragraph. How do I write them? You should give supporting facts, details and examples. “There are three reasons why Britain is one of the best countries in the world. First, Britain has an excellent transport system. Second, Britain has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Britain's cities are clean and efficiently managed. As a result, Britain is a desirable place to live. ”
Closing Sentences What is the closing sentence? The closing sentence is the last sentence in the paragraph. What does it do? It restates the main idea of your paragraph. How do I write one? Restate the main idea of the paragraph using different words. "There are three reasons why Britain is one of the best countries in the world. First, Britain has an excellent transport system. Second, Britain has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Britain's cities are clean and efficiently managed. As a result, Britain is a desirable place to live. "
Developing the body of a paragraph • By giving examples • By making an extended comparison • By using an anecdote- short amusing story • By stating reasons/suggesting possible consequences • By quoting statistics • It is possible to use more than one technique per paragraph
Paragraph Layout • Leave a line between each paragraph • If you are handwriting, leave a small indentation on the first line. • If you are typing - don’t leave an indentation - keep it fully blocked.