Introduction to Medical Terminology Medical Terminology or Med

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Introduction to Medical Terminology

Introduction to Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology or Med Terms is the vocabulary used the world of healthcare. There

Medical Terminology or Med Terms is the vocabulary used the world of healthcare. There are various components of Med Terms ØAbbreviations ØPrefixes ØSuffixes ØRoot Words ØAcronyms

Abbreviations • Are shortened forms of words, usually just letters. • Sometimes abbreviations may

Abbreviations • Are shortened forms of words, usually just letters. • Sometimes abbreviations may be just a letter that represents a word • Can be combined to create a order or direction • Some abbreviations are symbols

Examples • • a p c s - before - after - without •

Examples • • a p c s - before - after - without • Some letters have a line over the letter and some do not

Letters of Abbreviations • • • abd – abdomen bil – lateral ck –

Letters of Abbreviations • • • abd – abdomen bil – lateral ck – check ea – each in- inch prn – whenever necessary

Used as a Direction • ck TPR q 4 h Check Temperature, Pulse, and

Used as a Direction • ck TPR q 4 h Check Temperature, Pulse, and Respiration every four hours • Shorten version to give a direction, saves time and easier to write

Symbols in Healthcare • • • ♂ male increase or above number less than

Symbols in Healthcare • • • ♂ male increase or above number less than change

Examples of Using Symbols in Healthcare • 23 y/o ♂ - 23 year old

Examples of Using Symbols in Healthcare • 23 y/o ♂ - 23 year old male • Hold med if BP 90/60 – hold medication if blood pressure less than 90 over 60.

Prefixes • A syllable or word placed at the beginning of a word or

Prefixes • A syllable or word placed at the beginning of a word or used • Usually serves to define a root word • Example hypotension » Low pressure

Suffixes • A syllable or word placed at the end of a word or

Suffixes • A syllable or word placed at the end of a word or used • Usually describes what is happening to the root word • Example: appendicitis » inflammation of the appendix

Root Words • Can be defined as a main word or represents a word

Root Words • Can be defined as a main word or represents a word • Vowels are sometimes used to join together prefix, root word or suffix • Vowels are not used if the letter is a part of another part of the medical term Common examples a, e, i, ia, io, o, u

Examples of Using Root Words • • Gastro - stomach Cardio – heart Ren

Examples of Using Root Words • • Gastro - stomach Cardio – heart Ren – kidney Quad - four

Putting Med Terms Together • Pseudoappenicits – false inflammation of the appendix • Gastroentitis

Putting Med Terms Together • Pseudoappenicits – false inflammation of the appendix • Gastroentitis – inflammation of the stomach

Learning Med Terms • Making index cards as flash cards • Practice using •

Learning Med Terms • Making index cards as flash cards • Practice using • Creating games and using the internet games • Suggested site: http: //www. quia. com/shared/med/ • Or quizlet. com