Fields in Finland Fields in Finland Fields in

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Fields in Finland

Fields in Finland

Fields in Finland

Fields in Finland

Fields in Finland • A field is a large area that has been modified

Fields in Finland • A field is a large area that has been modified for cultivation of commercial plants. • 7, 2% (2, 5 million hectares) of Finland’s land area is covered by fields • 88% of fields is used for agricultural production. • Finland has much fewer fields than many other European countries and so it has lower production amounts • Nice to know: there has been farming in Finland for 7 3000 years

Map of fields in Finland Fields in Finland are mostly in the area marked

Map of fields in Finland Fields in Finland are mostly in the area marked by red color.

Finnish fields

Finnish fields

Osthrobothnia Is an area in western Finland • You can find fields almost anywhere

Osthrobothnia Is an area in western Finland • You can find fields almost anywhere in Finland but most likely you find them in this area, because the ground there is good for cultivation • The ground is fertile because it has been the bottom of the sea

Map of Osthrobothnia is the area marked by red color. Compare it’s location to

Map of Osthrobothnia is the area marked by red color. Compare it’s location to the location of Finland’s fields. The fields are marked by black color. Osthrobothnia is fully covered by fields.

A typical view of Ostrobothnia

A typical view of Ostrobothnia

Use of fields in Finland • Fields in Finland are mostly used for growing

Use of fields in Finland • Fields in Finland are mostly used for growing different types of grains • Fields can also be used for grazing – Grazing is a type of feeding. It is grazing when an animal, for example a cow, eats grass in field. • Finland produces much less grain than many European countries • The most commonly cultivated grain plants in Finland are barley, oat, wheat and rye

Finnish grains Barley • 30% of all cultivated area in Finland is used to

Finnish grains Barley • 30% of all cultivated area in Finland is used to grow barley Oat • 20% of all cultivated area in Finland is used to grow oat

More Finnish grains Wheat • 6% of all cultivated area in Finland is used

More Finnish grains Wheat • 6% of all cultivated area in Finland is used to grow wheat Rye • Only 1% of all cultivated area in Finland is used to grow rye

Finnish grain products Barley porridge Oat porridge Wheat flour packet Rye bread

Finnish grain products Barley porridge Oat porridge Wheat flour packet Rye bread

Livestock production • Raising livestock (usually) means growing animals to produce food • In

Livestock production • Raising livestock (usually) means growing animals to produce food • In Finland, raising livestock is more popular in the eastern parts of the country than in any other region • Most common livestock animals in Finland are sheep, cow, pig, chicken and in Lapland reindeer A cow A reindeer

Fields and bioenergy • Bioenergy is clean and environmentally friendly energy that is produced

Fields and bioenergy • Bioenergy is clean and environmentally friendly energy that is produced from biomass • The biomass can be from field plants, wood or bio-based waste • Field biomass can be oily plants or parts of grains • Field bio energy has been a target for rising interest during the last few years

Field mustard is one of the most important biomass plants in Finland

Field mustard is one of the most important biomass plants in Finland

Modern agriculture • Modern agriculture is much based on technology, machines and chemicals •

Modern agriculture • Modern agriculture is much based on technology, machines and chemicals • The most common machines are automatic watering systems and computer-controlled feeding and milking systems • Chemicals are commonly used to improve the health of plants and to kill pests and weeds

A tractor

A tractor

Organic farming European and Finnish organic production mark • Organic (natural) farming is farming

Organic farming European and Finnish organic production mark • Organic (natural) farming is farming where the work is adapted to nature’s conditions • In organic farming chemicals are replaced by natural materials like cattle manure and crushed minerals • Plants are protected by farming in periods and by mechanical and biological protection (barriers and traps against pests and by farming pest-damaging plants) • Organic farming pollutes environment much less than normal farming

Field as an ecological system • There about 500 different plants in fields •

Field as an ecological system • There about 500 different plants in fields • Lots of weeds have spread to fields with cattle manure • Most of them are global • Small consumers in field are molds, bacteria and pests. Some of them have spread to fields with humans or cattle • In Finland, there are over 1000 crop damaging species. Some of them manage in Finland even in winter.

Agricultural support • In Finland, there are different types of agricultural supports. An example:

Agricultural support • In Finland, there are different types of agricultural supports. An example: for producing milk or raising cattle • These types of support are usually leveled so that northern parts of Finland get more agricultural support than southern parts • Not all types of support are leveled geographically. An example: in plant growing, the amount of agricultural support is almost the same everywhere in Finland • Finland gets 1, 8 million euros as agricultural support from EU

Glossary In English In Finnish generally cultivation cultivate hectare agricultural production grain grazing barley

Glossary In English In Finnish generally cultivation cultivate hectare agricultural production grain grazing barley oat wheat rye weed small consumer mold pest yleisesti viljely viljellä hehtaari maataloustuotanto vilja laidunnus ohra kaura vehnä ruis rikkakasvi pienkuluttaja homesieni tuhoeläin

agricultural support maataloustuki fertile viljava Osthrobothnia Pohjanmaa field mustard rypsi livestock production karjatalous bio-based

agricultural support maataloustuki fertile viljava Osthrobothnia Pohjanmaa field mustard rypsi livestock production karjatalous bio-based biopohjainen automatic watering system automaattinen kastelujärjestelmä computer-controlled tietokoneohjattu feeding and milking system ruokinta- ja lypsyjärjestelmä organic farming luomutuotanto period jakso, vuoro barrier este, valli leveled porrastettu

Sources • • • http: //fi. wikipedia. org/wiki/Pelto http: //fi. wikipedia. org/wiki/Suomi http: //fi.

Sources • • • http: //fi. wikipedia. org/wiki/Pelto http: //fi. wikipedia. org/wiki/Suomi http: //fi. wikipedia. org/wiki/Vilja http: //fi. wikipedia. org/wiki/Maataloustuki http: //fi. wikipedia. org/wiki/Poro http: //fi. wikipedia. org/wiki/Luomuviljely http: //fi. wikipedia. org/wiki/Biologinen_torjunta http: //fi. wikipedia. org/wiki/Biopolttoaine http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Hectare http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Cereal http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Grazing

 • http: //maps. google. fi/maps? hl=fi&tab=wl • http: //translate. google. fi • http:

• http: //maps. google. fi/maps? hl=fi&tab=wl • http: //translate. google. fi • http: //juhakala. blogspot. fi/2012/01/katri-ylander-valvojat 2009. html • www. mmm. fi • http: //www. helsinki. fi/kansatiede/histmaatalous/peltoviljely/pelto kasvit. htm • http: //www. pirkka. fi/ruoka/reseptit/122484 -ohrapuuro-liedella • http: //www. myllynparas. fi/portal/suomi/kuluttajat/reseptit/puuro t/peruspuurot/kaurapuuro_isoista_kaurahiutaleista/#. UPh. LYB 09 q. D U • http: //www. hs. fi/ruoka/artikkeli/Ruisleip%C 3%A 4+pois+muovipuss ista/1135269709911 • http: //fromfinland. fi/fi/sunnuntai-vehna-jauho. html

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http: //ruokatieto. fi/ruokakasvatus http: //www. motiva. fi/toimialueet/uusiutuva_energia/bioene rgia https: //ilmasto-opas. fi/fi/ilmastonmuutos/hillinta//artikkeli/c 14 a 79 cd-d 384 -41 f 4 -a 42232338 ecb 35 ca/bioenergia. html http: //www. cartinafinland. fi/fi/picture/12238/Ruis. html http: //www. oulu. fi/northnature/finnish/Suomi/ekopelto. htm l http: //www. katteluksentila. fi/maatalous. html http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File: Tractors_in_Potato_ Field. jpg http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File: Pohjanmaa_in_Finla nd. svg? uselang=fi

Thank you for your time and watching this presentation! Jasu Nousiainen and Juho Kuoppamäki

Thank you for your time and watching this presentation! Jasu Nousiainen and Juho Kuoppamäki from Erkko-lukio, Finland