- Slides: 19
The Five Themes of Geography How geographers look at the world
Why study geography? n n n To understand more about the changing world we live in To learn more about the people and cultures of the world so that we can better understand each other To evaluate the connection between the earth and those who live on it
What are the Five Themes of Geography? n The concepts that geographers use to study the world and the people that inhabit it. n They are all connected n Use all five themes to truly understand the geography of a place
Location Asks the question: Where is it? Here’s Madagascar!
Can be absolute location, which uses a system to find an exact spot on the earth. Examples: latitude and longitude, address with zip codes, GPS, map coordinates
Can be relative location, which uses descriptions to find places on the earth. Example: I live in Marietta near the Big Chicken.
THE BIG CHICKEN!
The girl lived at the north end of the Golden Gate Bridge.
► The Museum is located at 1312 Long Leg Street, Tallinn, Estonia.
Place Asks: What are the characteristics of a location? Describes what it is like there For example, how would you describe Sprayberry High School?
Can be physical features • • • Climate – temperature, rainfall Landforms – plateaus, plains Topography - elevation Flora - plants Fauna - animals Resources – petroleum, gemstones
Can be human characteristics Such as population statistics, economic activities, religion, language, government
Movement How do people, goods and ideas get from one place to another?
Examples of movement ► Trading products between countries ► Migration of people to new areas ► Buying clothes over the internet ► Flying overseas to visit your relatives ► Coming to school on the bus this morning ► Urban sprawl
Human Environment Interaction How do we use the earth? How have we changed the earth?
Examples of HEI n n n n Growing corn in Iowa Mining iron ore from the Iron Range Skiing in Colorado Fishing on Lake Lanier Cars consuming gasoline and polluting the air Houses built out of brick Deforestation of the Himalayas so that homes can be built
Region How is this place similar to other places? Are there common characteristics?
There are three different types of regions: • Formal Region – usually drawn up by the government. • Functional Region – serve a particular purpose • Vernacular Region (Perceptual) – people’s perceptions Regions can overlap!
WHAT TYPES OF REGIONS? l l l THE SOUTH? THE EAST? THE MIDWEST? THE WEST? GEORGIA? NEWSPAPER ROUTE?