- Slides: 21
The Five Themes of Geography
What is Geography? Geography is the study of Earth and everything on it!
What is a “THEME”? …it is the topic Geography is a BIG subject! We will divide geography into 5 different THEMES/topics
What is the purpose of the 5 themes? The 5 Themes of Geography were developed as a method for studying geography. The themes help us categorize/organize geographic information. Geography = noun Geographic = adjective
THEME 1: LOCATION Question investigated: Where is it? Two categories : A. Absolute location B. Relative location
Absolute Location A specific place on Earth Ø Coordinates: Latitude and longitude Ø
Relative Location Where a place is in relation to/compared to another place Uses directional (N, E, S, W) words to describe
THEME 2: PLACE Question investigated: What is it like? The 2 categories: A) Physical places B) Human places
Physical Place Physical (natural) characteristics of the environment that is distinct Eg. climate, landforms, water features, plants, wildlife…
Human (cultural) Place Human (not natural) characteristics of a place that is distinct Eg. activities, architecture, economy, religion, language…etc
THEME 3: HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION Question investigated: How do humans and physical places affect/impact each other? Two Categories of interaction. . . A) Human adaptation (root word = adapt/adjust) B) Human alteration (root word = alter/change) http: //www. fotosearch. com/comp/corbis/DGT 119/BAG 0017. jpg
Human Adaptation Humans adapt to their environment Examples: adapt to climate (shelter, clothes…)
Human Alteration Humans alter their natural environment using technology
THEME 4: MOVEMENT Question investigated: How do people, goods and ideas move around? Two categories: A) Material movement (can see) B) Non-material movement (cannot see)
Material Movement obvious movement using land, water, or air vehicle
Non-Material Movement less obvious movement Examples: movement of information/ideas through wires
THEME 5: REGION Ø Question investigated: What areas have unifying/common features?
Regions share at least 1 common feature. Examples of common features that define a region: Landform regions (eg. Mountain areas, flat lands) Political regions (eg. provinces, countries, cities) Cultural regions (eg. Chinatown, Little India) Language regions (eg. French neighbourhood) Economic regions (eg. Agricultural area) Climate regions (eg. Arctic climate, tropical climate) Functional regions (eg. Business/Financial district, entertainment district, cell service area, newspaper area) Functional regions have a specific and distinct/clear purpose/function/goal
Check your understanding… Is it possible for there to be a region within another region?
…remember all 5 themes! Mr. Help! M R HE L P Movement Region Human Environment Interaction Location Place