PULSE RATE BLOOD PRESSURE Pulse palpation Pulse pressure

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PULSE RATE & BLOOD PRESSURE

PULSE RATE & BLOOD PRESSURE

Pulse palpation

Pulse palpation

Pulse pressure The pressure felt as the blood in the artery surges through the

Pulse pressure The pressure felt as the blood in the artery surges through the point that has pressure applied.

Pulse Points: Common Carotid Artery

Pulse Points: Common Carotid Artery

Pulse Points: Brachial Artery

Pulse Points: Brachial Artery

Pulse Points: Radial Artery

Pulse Points: Radial Artery

Pulse Points: Femoral Artery

Pulse Points: Femoral Artery

Pulse Points: Popliteal Artery

Pulse Points: Popliteal Artery

Pulse Points: Posterior Tibial Artery

Pulse Points: Posterior Tibial Artery

Pulse Points: Dorsalis Pedis Artery

Pulse Points: Dorsalis Pedis Artery

Blood pressure

Blood pressure

Sphygmomanometer

Sphygmomanometer

Systolic pressure High Pressure due to ventricular contraction Ex. 120 mm. Hg

Systolic pressure High Pressure due to ventricular contraction Ex. 120 mm. Hg

Diastolic pressure Low pressure due to ventricular relaxation Ex. 80 mm. Hg

Diastolic pressure Low pressure due to ventricular relaxation Ex. 80 mm. Hg

Sounds of Korotkoff The sounds heard through the stethoscope while taking blood pressure. These

Sounds of Korotkoff The sounds heard through the stethoscope while taking blood pressure. These are due to systolic pressure pushing blood past the cuff.

Stethoscope

Stethoscope

Auscultation The process of using the stethoscope to listen to each heart valve individually.

Auscultation The process of using the stethoscope to listen to each heart valve individually.

Murmur A swooshing sound produced by the incomplete closing of a heart valve.

Murmur A swooshing sound produced by the incomplete closing of a heart valve.

Cardiac cycle The rhythmic contraction (systole) and relaxation (diastole) of the chambers of the

Cardiac cycle The rhythmic contraction (systole) and relaxation (diastole) of the chambers of the heart that corresponds to one heartbeat

Formula to calculate blood pressure BP = CO x PR Blood pressure = cardiac

Formula to calculate blood pressure BP = CO x PR Blood pressure = cardiac output x peripheral resistance Peripheral resistance is also known as vascular resistance

Normal Blood Pressure 120/80

Normal Blood Pressure 120/80

Effects of exercise on BP Exercise increases blood pressure. Large groups of muscles need

Effects of exercise on BP Exercise increases blood pressure. Large groups of muscles need more oxygen, which causes the heart rate to increase raising blood pressure