- Slides: 21
Cardinal Richelieu & Mazarin �Centralized the French government under one powerful monarch.
A Man for all Seasons �Controlled foreign affairs & army �Domestic administration �Economic regulations
Parlements �Regional judicial bodies that conferred with Louis prior to making rulings.
L’etat C’est Moi! �“I am the state. ” �Ruler by divine right.
Jean-Baptiste Colbert �Economic and political advisor to Louis XIV
Securing the Northern Borders �War of Devolution �Alleged Right of Marie Therese to inherit the Spanish Netherlands. �Treaty of Aix-La. Chappelle 1668 �Gain control of small towns in the S. Netherlands
Invade the Netherlands, Again � 1672, vs. the Prince of Orange. �Ended with the Treaty of Nijmwegen. �France received Franche-Comte.
Treaty of Dover �Alliance between England France against the Dutch.
Religious Policy �Jesuits promoted religious reforms and teaching of Church doctrine as stated in the Council of Trent. �Louis XIV supported the Jesuits.
Jansenism �Opposed the political and theology of the Jesuits. �Believed man was so sinful, only the grace of God would allow someone to be saved. �Declared as heretics and Louis XIV was forced to accept disillusioning many followers.
Revoking the Edict of Nantes �Closed Protestant Churches and Schools �Exiled ministers �Non-converting laity became slaves �Children were baptized by Catholic priests
Effect of the Revocation �More than 250 k left France.
Nine Years War �League of Augsburg- England, Spain, Sweden, Germany, Habsburg Empire. �Loss for Louis XIV who signed the Peace of Ryswick in 1697.
War of Spanish Succession �The last Habsburg king of Spain, Charles II, died w/o heirs. �Philip of Anjou, Louis’ grandson became Philip V of Spain. �Treaty of Utrecht- Britain gains Gibraltar, Louis recognized the Hanover right to the throne in Britain.
Louis XV- the Spider King �Revoked many of Louis’ reforms. �Very unpopular and repressive.
France after Louis XIV �Still had the largest pop. In Europe. �John Law- Scottish Mathematician, advisor. �Increasing the paper money supply would solve France’s economic woes.
The Mississippi Bubble �The Mississippi Co. took over the French National Debt. �Issued stock in exchange for government bonds. �Investors wanted gold in exchange for their stocks. �All gold payments were halted.
France struggles financially for years to come https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=di. E Vm. QZ 1 Qf. M