- Slides: 26
Classical, 4 th Century and Hellenistic Greece "High" Classical (c. 448 -429 B. C. E. ) Late Classical (4 th c. ) (c. 429 -323 B. C. E. ) Hellenistic (323 -31 B. C. E. ) East porch capitals, The Erechtheion, 421 -405 B. C. E. , Acropolis, Athens
"High" Classical (c. 448 -429 B. C. E. ) • Polykleitos, Doryphoros (Spear-Bearer), Early Classical Period, Roman marble copy after a Greek bronze original from c. 450 -440 B. C. E. (Museo Archaeologico Nazionale, Naples) • https: //www. khanacade my. org/humanities/ancie nt-art-civilizations/greekart/classical/v/polykleitos -doryphoros-spear-bearer
Doryphoros Quiz Which term refers to an ideal standard that could be studied and replicated? A. B. C. D. Canon Contrapposto Polykleitos Doryphoros
Doryphoros Quiz What subject is depicted in the Doryphoros? A. B. C. D. E. a teacher an athlete a god a politician a warrior
Doryphoros Quiz Which statement is accurate? A. This is a Greek sculpture from the Classical period. B. This is a Greek copy of a Roman sculpture from the Classical period. C. This is a Roman copy of a Greek sculpture from the Classical period. D. This is a Greek copy of an earlier bronze sculpture from the Classical period.
Doryphoros Quiz The Greeks based their ideal of beauty on _______. A. the muscular bodies of Olympic athletes B. the heroic figures of Greek mythology C. the harmony of mathematical proportions D. the moral character of an individual
Doryphoros Quiz Contrapposto is demonstrated in the A. B. C. D. E. counterbalance symmetry proportions alignment movement created by weight bearing and relaxed limbs of this figure.
Art Term: CONTRAPPOSTO • a representation of the human body in which the forms are organized on a varying or curving axis to provide an asymmetrical balance to the figure • https: //www. khanacade my. org/humanities/arthistory-basics/ahglossary/v/contrapposto
Art Term: CONTRAPPOSTO
Art Term: CONTRAPPOSTO
"High" Classical (c. 448 -429 B. C. E. ) • Myron, Discobolus (Discus Thrower), Roman copy of an ancient Greek bronze from c. 450 B. C. E. , Classical Period (Palazzo Massimo alle Terme) • https: //www. khanacademy. org/humanities/ancient-artcivilizations/greekart/classical/v/myrondiscobolus-discus-throwerroman-copy-of-an-ancientgreek-bronze-from-c-450 -bc-e
"High" Classical (c. 448 -429 B. C. E. ) • Iktinos and Kallikrates (Phidias directed the sculptural program), Parthenon, Athens, 447 432 B. C. E. • https: //www. khanacadem y. org/humanities/ancientart-civilizations/greekart/classical/v/parthenon
"High" Classical (c. 448 -429 B. C. E. ) • Battle of the Lapiths and Centaurs, Parthenon Metopes, south flank, marble, c. 440 B. C. E. , Classical Period (British Museum, London) • https: //www. khanacade my. org/humanities/ancie nt-art-civilizations/greekart/classical/v/battle-ofthe-lapiths-and-centaursparthenon-metope-c-440 b-c-e
Late Classical (c. 429 -323 B. C. E. ) • Lysippos, Farnese Hercules, 4 th century B. C. E. (later Roman copy by Glycon)(Archaeological Museum, Naples). • https: //www. khanacade my. org/humanities/ancie nt-art-civilizations/greekart/lateclassical/v/lysipposfarnese-hercules
Late Classical: Aphrodite of Knidos • Praxiteles of Athens (4 th c. B. C. ) • One of the first life-sized representations of the nude female form—nearly three centuries after her nude male counterpart • According to an account by Pliny the Elder, Praxiteles sculpted both a nude statue and a draped statue of Aphrodite. The city of Kos purchased the draped statue, because they felt the nude version was indecent, while the city of Knidos purchased the nude statue. Pliny claims that the statue brought fame to Knidos.
Hellenistic (323 -31 B. C. E. ) • Nike (Winged Victory) of Samothrace, Lartos marble (ship) and Parian marble (figure), c. 190 B. C. E. 3. 28 m high, Hellenistic Period (Musée du Louvre, Paris). • Please note that theoretical reconstruction of the Nike as a trumpeter mentioned in the video has been largely abandoned; the monument is now thought to have been part of a fountain possibly commemorating a naval victory. • https: //www. khanacademy. org/human ities/ancient-art-civilizations/greekart/hellenistic/v/nike-winged-victory-of -samothrace-c-190 -b-c-e
Hellenistic (323 -31 B. C. E. ) • Apollonius, Boxer at Rest, c. 100 B. C. E. , bronze, Hellenistic Period (Palazzo Massimo, Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome). • https: //www. khanacade my. org/humanities/ancie nt-art-civilizations/greekart/hellenistic/v/apolloni us-boxer-at-rest-c-100 -b-c -e
Seated Boxer Quiz What is the reason that very few bronze sculptures from ancient Greece exist today? A. The metal was melted and used for other purposes. B. Bronze sculpture is not durable over time. C. Bronze was expensive and rarely used by Greek artists. D. The Romans replaced the Greek originals with their own marble reproductions.
Seated Boxer Quiz Why did Hellenistic artists add details such as the inlaid eyes, use of inset copper, and incisions to the cast bronze in this sculpture? A. to create an idealized form typical of the Hellenistic period B. to increase the sculpture's economic value C. to underscore the figure's non-Greek features D. to enhance the sculpture's life-like quality
Seated Boxer Quiz Which feature most recalls the idealized forms of Classical sculpture? A. The man's turned head and implied interaction with others B. The man's facial expression and restrained emotion C. The man's muscles and athletic physique D. The man's seated posture and clasped hands
Seated Boxer Quiz The shift toward new subject matter in the Hellenistic period reflects the notion that beauty might be found in _______. A. intellectual understanding B. mathematical precision C. life experience D. physical perfection E. nature and the environment
Seated Boxer Quiz Which detail indicates this figure's profession? A. B. C. D. E. The bandaged hands The slumped shoulders The lifted foot The swollen ear The broken nose
Hellenistic (323 -31 B. C. E. ) • Athanadoros, Hagesandros, and Polydoros of Rhodes, Laocoön and his Sons, early first century C. E. , marble, 7'10 1/2" high (Vatican Museums) • https: //www. khanacade my. org/humanities/ancie nt-art-civilizations/greekart/hellenistic/v/laoco-nand-his-sons-early-firstcentury-c-e
Laocoön Quiz Which of the following characteristics of Laocoön and his Sons are typical of the Hellenistic style? Select all that apply. A. It's literary subject B. its compositional dynamism C. its use of diagonals D. its intense emotion E. its theatricality
Laocoön Quiz Although Laocoön and his sons was found in pieces, archaeologists have been able to reconstruct the original composition. A. True B. False
Laocoön Quiz Laocoön and his sons are being attacked by serpents because. . . A. they performed animal sacrifices incorrectly. B. they knew that the wooden horse from the Greeks was full of soldiers. C. they angered the god protecting the Trojans. D. they are engaged in a battle with the Titans.