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DIRECT SPEECH Present simple He said, “I want to watch a film” REPORTED SPEECH Present continuous He said, “Jane is sleeping” Past simple He said (that) he wanted to watch a film Past continuous He said (that) Jane was sleeping Past simple Alex said, ”I finished my homework” Past perfect Alex said (that) he had finished his homework Present perfect She said, “I have bought a new dress” Past perfect She said (that) she had bought a new dress Past continuous Past perfect continuous She said, “I was walking in the street” She said (that) she had been walking in the Past perfect Paststreet perfect He said, “I had taken English lessons” He said (that) he had taken English lessons Will Would She said, “I will always love Tom” � Shall She said, “I shall come later� ” She said (that) she would always love Tom Would She said (that) she would come later�
DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH Can Tom said, “I can carry 50 kg” Could Tom said (that) he could carry 50 kg May Ben said, “It may rain” Might Ben said (that) it might rain Had to He said (that) everybody had to obey the rules Must He said, “Everybody must obey the rules” Have to She said, “I have to go home” Had to She said (that) she had to go home Would He said, “I would help, but. . � ” Would He said (that) he would help, but. . � Should She said (that) she should call her mother� � she said, “I should call my mother� ” � Might She said, “I might be late” Might She said (that) she might be late Could � he said, “I could swim when I was four” Could He said (that) he could swim when he � was four
QUESTIONS DIRECT QUESTION REPORTED QUESTION � Do you love me? � He asked me if I loved him. � Have you ever been to Mexico? � She asked me if I had ever been to Mexico. � Are you living here? � She asked me if I was living here. � Where is the Post Office, please? � She asked me where the Post Office was. � What are you doing? � She asked me what I was doing. � Who was that fantastic man? � She asked me who that fantastic man had been.
REQUESTS DIRECT REQUEST REPORTED REQUEST � Please help me�. She asked me to help her. � Please don't smoke�. She asked me not to smoke. � Could you bring my book tonight? � She asked me to bring her book that night. � Could you pass the milk, please? � She asked me to pass the milk. � Would you mind coming early tomorrow? � She asked me to come early the next day.
ORDER DIRECT ORDER REPORTED ORDER � Go to bed!� He told the child to go to bed. � Don't worry!� He told her not to worry. � Be on time!� He told me to be on time. � Don't smoke!� He told us not to smoke.
TIME EXPRESSIONS DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH Now then / at that time Today yesterday / that day / Tuesday / the 27 th of June Yesterday the day before yesterday / the day before / Wednesday / the 5 th of December Last night the night before, Thursday night Last week the week before / the previous week Tomorrow today / the next day / the following day / Friday