- Slides: 16
Persuasive Writing The Introductory Paragraph
Persuasive Writing Attempts to influence the reader using… • Logical Arguments • Examples • Emotional Pleas
Five Paragraph Essay Different mode from extended response… Introductory Paragraph The Body Point #1 Point #2 Point #3 Concluding Paragraph
The Introductory Paragraph 1. 2. 3. 4. Starts with a strong attention catcher (lead) Clearly states your position (thesis) Previews your three points (arguments) Has a transitioning statement (transition) All should be in your first paragraph.
Before Writing Anything… Brainstorm! Make a T-Chart, cluster web, or outline. 1. Choose one side 2. Think of three points (arguments) 3. Create an attention catcher (lead)
Attention Catcher The first sentence of your essay. 1. Use a question or series of questions. 2. Tell a short story related to your point (anecdote). Should immediately begin persuading.
Good Lead & Bad Lead What do I think about cell phones in school? They are bad. What if you were taking an important test in class and loud rap music began playing? What if a few minutes later lines from “The Family Guy” began loudly repeating? Would this help students concentrate? Good leads push the reader on your side.
Good Anecdotal (Story) Lead My friend Jasmine never pays attention in class. If she isn’t sending a text message, she’s viewing a photo or using an app. I’m not saying that she would be the best student if she didn’t have a phone, but she would do better. Being that they are too distracting for most students, phones should not be allowed in school.
Stating Your Position (Thesis) After your attention catcher… State your position in one sentence. Examples • Phones should be allowed in school. • Phones should not be allowed in school. Don’t make the reader infer your thesis.
Previewing Points (Arguments) After you state your position… Preview your three points. Example Cell phones are distracting, students might use them to cheat, and students can just use the office phone if they have an emergency. Each point will be made into a paragraph.
Previewing Don’t preview points you won’t develop. Develop points in the order you preview. Example I will argue circle, then I will explain triangle, and lastly I will discuss square. What will the next paragraph be about?
Transitioning After you preview your points… Transition to the body. • Explain how your position would make the world a better place. Without cell phones, everyone will learn more. • Describe how the world would be worse if your position isn’t adopted. If cell phones aren’t banned, students will have a much harder time succeeding.
The Finished Product What if you were taking an important test in class and loud rap music began playing? What if a few minutes later lines from “The Family Guy” began loudly repeating? Would this help students concentrate? Definitely not. Cell phones should not be allowed in school. Cell phones are distracting, students might use them to cheat, and students can just use the office phone if they have an emergency. If cell phones were kept out of classrooms, everyone would learn more.
One More Example One time in history class, my group and I had a question about the subject and not even our teacher was able to answer it. Fortunately, I had my phone on me and I was able to use Google to find the information in seconds. Cell phones should be allowed in school. They can be used as learning tools, they are helpful in the case of an emergency, and some students need them to communicate with their parents. If cell phones aren’t allowed in school, some one may get seriously hurt.
Practice Create one introductory paragraph. 1. Brainstorm before you write. Provide evidence of your brainstorming. 2. Use an anecdote, question, or series of questions to lead. 3. State your position clearly. 4. Preview three points or arguments. 5. Write a transition.
Should schools start later? That is to say, should they begin at 10: 15 and end at 4: 08? 1. Brainstorm before you write. Provide evidence of your brainstorming. 2. Use an anecdote, question, or series of questions to lead. 3. State your position clearly. 4. Preview three points or arguments. 5. Write a transition.