- Slides: 15
Objectives: Psychosocial Health § Define psychosocial health in terms of its mental, emotional, and social components, and identify the basics traits shared by psychosocially healthy people. § Consider how each of the internal and external factors that influence psychosocial health may affect you. § Discuss the positive steps you can take to enhance psychosocial health. § Discuss the dimension of spirituality and the role that it plays in health and wellness. § Discuss the mind/body connection and show emotions influence health status.
Defining Psychosocial Health § The mental, emotional, social, and spiritual dimensions of health § Basic elements of psychosocially healthy people: – – – – – Feel good about themselves Feel comfortable around other people Can control tension and anxiety Can meet the demands of life Can curb hate and guilt Can maintain a positive outlook Enrich the lives of others Cherish the things that make them smile Value diversity Respect nature
Psychosocial Health Figure 2. 1
Mental Health: The “Thinking” You § The “thinking” part of psychosocial health § Includes: values, attitudes, and beliefs about your body, family, your relationships, and life in general
Emotional Health: The “Feeling” You § The “feeling” side of psychosocial health § Emotions – intensified or complex patterns of feelings
Social Health: Interactions With Others § Social Health – includes your interactions with others § Social Bonds – reflect level of closeness and attachment with others § Social Support – network of people and services (both tangible and intangible)
Spiritual Health: An Inner Quest For Well-Being § Spirituality – refers to a belief in some unifying force that gives meaning to life § Spirituality addresses four main themes: – Interconnectedness- connect to self, others, and larger purpose – Practice of mindfulness- being fully present in the moment – Everyday life- develop to our fullest potential; Faith, hope, love – Community- live in harmony
Four Major Themes Of Spirituality Figure 2. 3
Mindfulness § § Being fully present in the moment Simply paying attention to what is happening Objective awareness Foundation of mindfulness: – Non-judging – Patience – Beginner’s mind – Trust – Non-striving – Acceptance – Letting go
Practicing Mindfulness § Diaphragmatic breathing § Mindful walking § Mindful writing § Mindful eating § Mindful meditation § Mindfulness in everyday tasks
Journal Entry #9 § Describe your experiences with mindfulness. § How could practicing mindfulness improve your health?
Factors That Influence Psychosocial Health § External Factors – The family – The broader environment – Social bonds § Internal Factors – Self-efficacy and Self-esteem – Learned helplessness versus Learned optimism – Personality – Life span and Maturity
Enhancing Psychosocial Health § § § § Build self-esteem and self-efficacy Find a support group Complete required tasks Form realistic expectations Make time for you Maintain physical health Seek help when necessary
The Mind-Body Connection § Happiness § Subjective Well-Being 1. Satisfaction with present life 2. Relative presence of positive emotions 3. Relative absence of negative emotions
Satisfaction with Life Scale Figure 2. 5