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KING COUNTY JUVENILE COURT SERVICES • • • OVERVIEW OF JUVENILE COURT DIVERSION & OTHER ALTERNATIVES TO COURT COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIPS & PROGRAMS PRESENTATION TO THE SOUTHEAST SEATTLE EDUCATION COALITION NOVEMBER 21, 2019
King County Juvenile Court Overview Criminal: Handles cases involving young people under 18 referred by law enforcement to the prosecutor. Between January 1, 2019 and September 30, 2019: • Charges in 60% of cases referred by law enforcement were diverted to alternative programs and community-based services. • 40% of cases referred by law enforcement were filed and will be heard by 1 of 3 Juvenile Court Judges.
Civil – Dependency & Becca Services • Dependency Petitions & Hearings • Becca (At-Risk Youth, Child in Need of Services, Truancy) Petitions & Hearings • Case Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) • Dependency Mediation • Dependency Early Resolution Case Manager • Parents for Parents • Family Treatment Court
King County Detention Statistics Between January 1, 2019 and September 30, 2019: • There were 762 admissions to secure detention. • • • 38% of referrals from law enforcement resulted in the secure detention of a youth. The Average Daily Population (ADP) of youth held on juvenile matters in secure detention was 34. 3. • • Compared to the same period in 2018, this is a 10% reduction in admissions. Compared to the same period in 2018, this is an 8% reduction in ADP. Referrals, diversions, prosecution, legal cases and detention rates have dropped dramatically in the past 20 years, however racial disproportionality continues. • • 1998 Filings: 8500 2019 Filings: 808 (January 1 – September 30)
Community Accountability Boards (CABs) • Staffed by volunteers, there are 13 Community Accountability Boards geographically dispersed to meet the needs of families. • During a structured interview, the board members learn about the young person, the family, and discuss the event that led to the diversion. • The board and the family work together to craft a diversion agreement that meets the individual youth and family needs.
Community Accountability Boards (CABs) • Of those who engage, 79% successfully complete their diversion agreement. • Youth who do not engage in the CAB process are disproportionately Black/African American and Hispanic/Latinx. • The most commonly identified reasons for failed engagement are barriers related to communication.
Family Intervention & Restorative Services (FIRS) • Family Intervention and Restorative Services is a court program to serve families experiencing adolescent violence within the home. • Before FIRS, 32% of all juvenile bookings were due to a family violence incident. This was highest rate of booking for all offense types. • Most young people arrested for a family violence incident are now diverted from detention. • Family violence cases are handled outside of the court process. • Young people and families are offered the full array of available services including evidence-based family counseling.
Family Intervention & Restorative Services (FIRS) • FIRS has demonstrated some very positive outcomes. • 77% of youth arrested for a family violence incident in 2018 avoided secure detention due to the FIRS Respite Center. • In 2017, referrals for domestic violence cases jumped 25%. However, there was only a 2% increase in charges filed. • FIRS demonstrates a remarkably equitable rate of engagement with youth of color.
FIRS Respite Center Converted detention hall that was not being used • 7 beds in an unlocked, safe and welcoming atmosphere • Youth can stay as long as needed for safety reasons (usually 2 – 5 days) • Therapeutic environment with violence prevention skill learning groups Before After
Community Collaboration • Engaging youth & families with community resources is vital to the court’s work • Juvenile Therapeutic Response & Accountability Court (JTRAC) • Opportunities for all youth to meaningfully connect with resources • Incentives to engage and rewards for success • Enhance community safety through positive growth • Children & Family Justice Center augments JTRAC
Community Partnerships & Programs • New Diversion Programs • Community Empowered Disposition Alternative Response (CEDAR) • Education & Employment Training (EET) • Mentoring & Credible Messengers • e. Quality & Services for LGBTQ Youth • LINC (Leadership, Intervention & Change) • Evidence-Based Interventions • • • Functional Family Therapy (FFT) Multi-Systemic Therapy (MST) Family Integrated Transitions (FIT)
CFJC Resource Center • Housing Navigator • Transportation Supports (taxi vouchers, bus tickets) • Youth Clothing Bank • Snack Packs • Commercially Sexually Exploited Children (CSEC) Case Manager • Legal Resources • • • Sealing Clinic Relief from Registration/Restoration of Rights General Legal Questions
CFJC Resource Center • Community Based Services & Supports • Family Supports & Peer Parent Navigators • Behavioral Health Services (Drug/Alcohol, Mental Health) • Employment/Education Services • Public Health Services