HEALTHY FOOD Project Introduction A healthy diet should
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HEALTHY FOOD Project
Introduction • A healthy diet should include : • In a healthy diet is a balanced representation of three main components: carbohydrates , fat and proteins , with more than half of the energy intake should be paid carbohydrates , less than one-third fat and about 15 % protein. • 35% complex carbohydrates • 25% fruits and vegetables • 20% fats • 15 -18% protein • 2 -5% sugar
Carbohydrates • Carbohydrates are found in fruits, vegetables rich in starches (potatoes ) , rice, pasta, grain products like bread and biscuits. Carbohydrates provide the body with the necessary energy , especially during physical exertion. In the digestion of carbohydrates arises sugar called glucose, which is necessary for the functioning of the brain and muscles. • There are two basic categories of carbohydrates - simple and complex. • Simple carbohydrates can be found in fruits, milk and sugar and usually have a sweet taste. • Complex carbohydrates are found in basic foods that are last years increasingly consumed - in cereals and cereal products , legumes and foods rich in starch.
Proteins and fats • Proteins are contained in meat, fish , eggs , cheese, milk products, legumes and cereals. Our body is used in the construction of bones , muscles , blood, to transfer information and to protect the body from disease. • Fat is found in oil, butter, cream and fatty meats. A certain amount of fat to be included in our diet , because they are a storehouse of energy and allow the absorption of some vitamins.
Food pyramid • The most healthy food • meat • fish • milk products • eggs • fruits • vegetables • pastry