Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur 532 years old 1483 1530

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Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur 532 years old (1483 -1530) Monument to Babur in Andijan, Uzbekistan.

Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur 532 years old (1483 -1530) Monument to Babur in Andijan, Uzbekistan.

House Timurid Father Umar Shaikh Mirza II, ʿAmīr of Farghana Mother Qutlugh Nigar Khanum

House Timurid Father Umar Shaikh Mirza II, ʿAmīr of Farghana Mother Qutlugh Nigar Khanum Born 23 February 1483 Andijan, Uzbekistan Died 26 December 1530 (age 47) Agra, India Burial Religion Kabul, Afghanistan Islam

Reign Predecessor Successor Spouse 1 st Mughal Emperor 30 April 1526 – 26 December

Reign Predecessor Successor Spouse 1 st Mughal Emperor 30 April 1526 – 26 December 1530 Ibrahim Lodi Humayun Aisha Sultan Begum Zaynab Sultān Begum Maham Begum Dildar Begum Gulnar Aghacha Gulrukh Begum Aasia Rizvi Mubarika Yousefzai Sayyida Afaq Humayun, son Gulbadan Begum, daughter Kamran Mirza, son Fakhru 'n-Nīsā, daughter Askarī Mirzā, son Altun Bishik, alleged son Hindal Mirzā, son

Babur, during his second Hindustan campaign, riding a raft in Kunar River back to

Babur, during his second Hindustan campaign, riding a raft in Kunar River back to Atar.

The family tree of Babur

The family tree of Babur

Mustafa Rumi, leading Babur's forces armed with early Matchlocks.

Mustafa Rumi, leading Babur's forces armed with early Matchlocks.

Babur and his Mughal Army saluting their standards. Ø In 1495, at twelve years

Babur and his Mughal Army saluting their standards. Ø In 1495, at twelve years of age, Babur succeeded his father as ruler of Farghana, in present-day Uzbekistan. Ø His uncles were relentless in their attempts to dislodge him from this position as well as many of his other territorial possessions to come. Thus, Babur spent a large portion of his life without shelter and in exile, aided by friends and peasants. Ø In 1497, he besieged the city of Samarkand for seven months before eventually gaining control of it. Meanwhile, a rebellion amongst nobles back home approximately 350 kilometers (220 mi) away robbed him of Farghana. As he was marching to recover it, Ø Babur's troops deserted in Samarkand, leaving him with neither Samarkand nor Fergana.

 Monument to Babur in Andijan, Uzbekistan.

Monument to Babur in Andijan, Uzbekistan.

F. Lehmann : has said that v. His origin, milieu, training, and culture were

F. Lehmann : has said that v. His origin, milieu, training, and culture were steeped in Persian culture and so Babur was largely responsible for the fostering of this culture by his descendants, the Mughals of India, and for the expansion of Persian cultural influence in the Indian subcontinent, with brilliant literary, artistic, and historiographical results.

Tomb site of Babur inside the Bagh-e Babur (Babur Gardens) in Kabul, Afghanistan. Ø

Tomb site of Babur inside the Bagh-e Babur (Babur Gardens) in Kabul, Afghanistan. Ø After Babur fell seriously ill, Humayun was told of a plot by the senior nobles of Babur's court to bypass the leader's sons and appoint Mahdi Khwaja, Babur's sister's husband, as his successor. Ø He rushed to Agra and arrived there to see his father was well enough again, although Mahdi Khwaja had lost all hope of becoming ruler after arrogantly exceeding his authority during Babur's illness. Ø Upon his arrival in Agra it was Humayun himself who fell ill, and was close to dying. Ø He died at the age of 47 on January 5(26 December 1530] 1531, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Humayun. Ø Though he wished to be buried in his favourite garden in Kabul, a city he had always loved, he was first buried in a mausoleum in the capital city of Agra. Ø His remains were later moved to Bagh-e Babur (Babur Gardens) in Kabul, Afghanistan. Ø The Persian inscription on his tomb there translates as "If there is a paradise on earth, it is this, it is this!