Xray Correlation Spectroscopy Instrument Aymeric Robert XCS Instrument

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X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Instrument Aymeric Robert XCS Instrument Scientist April 21, 2009 X-ray Correlation

X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Instrument Aymeric Robert XCS Instrument Scientist April 21, 2009 X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 1 1 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy Coherent X-rays Coherent Scattering (Speckles) Speckles : scattering patterns produced

X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy Coherent X-rays Coherent Scattering (Speckles) Speckles : scattering patterns produced by the coherent illumination of the sample XPCS : observation of the time-fluctuation of speckle patterns Characterization of the underlying dynamics of the system XPCS is independent of the scattering geometry (SAXS, Diff. , GI-SAXS, Refl. , …) XPCS probes dynamical phenomena X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project First Hard X-ray Speckles 2 2 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

XCS Instrument Location Near Experimental Hall X-ray Transport Tunnel (200 m long) XCS Source

XCS Instrument Location Near Experimental Hall X-ray Transport Tunnel (200 m long) XCS Source to Sample distance : ~ 420 m Far Experimental Hall X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 3 3 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

Far Experimental Hall Coherent X-ray Imaging X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of

Far Experimental Hall Coherent X-ray Imaging X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 4 4 Material Extreme Conditions Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

XCS Instrument Overview Requirement Photon Shutter Primary Slits Device Transport Tunnel Diagnostics Tailor X-ray

XCS Instrument Overview Requirement Photon Shutter Primary Slits Device Transport Tunnel Diagnostics Tailor X-ray spatial profile X-ray Slits Monochromator Select X-ray energy and tailor spectrum width Control longitudinal coherence length Monochromator Split X-ray pulse and control the delay Split and Delay (Mo. U DESY) Tailor X-ray spatial profile ( < 50 microns ) X-ray Focusing Lenses Tailor X-ray intensity and spectrum Attenuators Tailor X-ray repetition rate Pulse Picker Tailor X-ray spectrum Harmonic Rejection Mirrors Characterize X-ray pulse intensity Intensity Monitor Characterize X-ray spatial profile Profile Monitor Characterize incident X-ray intensity before optical component of before sample Non-destructive Intensity Monitor Sample orientation and alignment Diffractometer Position X-ray area detector and minimize air absorption and air scattering Large Angle Detector Stage Measure X-ray speckle patterns 2 D Detector (BNL) Secondary Slits Diagnostics Split and Delay Secondary Slits Diagnostics Focusing Lenses Photon Shutter Attenuators Pulse Picker FEH Hutch 4 Harm. Rej. Mirrors Defining Slits Diagnostics Diffractometer Large Angle Detector Stage X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 5 5 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project Transport Tunnel

X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project Transport Tunnel 6 30 m 6 Beam Dump Wide Angle Detector Stage Diffractometer LUSI Position Monitor LUSI Slits System LUSI Attenuators LUSI Pulse Picker LUSI Position Monitor PPS Photon Shutter Valve LUSI Slits System LUSI Position Monitor Photon Stopper Valve LUSI Slits System Split and Delay Unit LUSI Position Monitor Photon Stopper Valve LUSI Monochromators LUSI Slits System LUSI Intensity Monitor LUSI Profile Monitor PPS Photon Shutter Valve LUSI Slit System Complete XCS Layout CXI FEH Hutch 4 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

XCS Instrument Overview ch 4 Hut ibu st Ve le Hutch 4 Optics, Diffractometer

XCS Instrument Overview ch 4 Hut ibu st Ve le Hutch 4 Optics, Diffractometer Large Angle detector Mover Split and Delay Area T ort el unn nsp ra y. T a X-r Post-Monochromator Large Offset Monochromator X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 7 7 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

XCS Instrument Overview Optical raft (1. 4. 2) Optics and Diagnostics (1. 5) Diffractometer

XCS Instrument Overview Optical raft (1. 4. 2) Optics and Diagnostics (1. 5) Diffractometer (1. 4. 4. 1) Large Angle Detector Stage (1. 4. 4. 3) X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 8 8 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

X-ray Optics and Diagnostics Photon Shutter Primary Slits Diagnostics Monochromator Transport Tunnel Secondary Slits

X-ray Optics and Diagnostics Photon Shutter Primary Slits Diagnostics Monochromator Transport Tunnel Secondary Slits Diagnostics Split and Delay Secondary Slits Diagnostics Focusing Lenses Photon Shutter Attenuators Pulse Picker FEH Hutch 4 Device Harm. Rej. Mirrors Defining Slits X-ray Slits and Guard slits Diagnostics Attenuators Diffractometer Large Angle Detector Stage Pulse Picker Intensity Monitor Profile Monitor X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 9 9 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

X-ray Optics and Diagnostics Photon Shutter Primary Slits Diagnostics Monochromator Transport Tunnel Secondary Slits

X-ray Optics and Diagnostics Photon Shutter Primary Slits Diagnostics Monochromator Transport Tunnel Secondary Slits Diagnostics tor Split and Delay no -Mo Secondary Slits r ato Diagnostics e arg Focusing Lenses Pulse Picker FEH Hutch 4 Harm. Rej. Mirrors Defining Slits Diagnostics Diffractometer Large Angle Detector Stage ch t Pos m hro noc s Off L Photon Shutter Attenuators o et M a rom Large Offset Monochromator 600 mm offset 6 -25 ke. V Si(111) and Si(220) Relocation closer to #4 Post-Monochromator DCM 6 -25 ke. V Si(111) then Si(511) Scope addition Feb 09 Adv. Proc Review : This Thursday APS, 8 ID X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 10 10 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

4 -C Hor. Scatt. Diffractometer Photon Shutter Primary Slits Diagnostics Monochromator Transport Tunnel Secondary

4 -C Hor. Scatt. Diffractometer Photon Shutter Primary Slits Diagnostics Monochromator Transport Tunnel Secondary Slits Diagnostics Split and Delay Secondary Slits Diagnostics Focusing Lenses Photon Shutter Attenuators Pulse Picker FEH Hutch 4 Harm. Rej. Mirrors Diffractometer System Horizontal Scattering 4 -circle Diffractometer Same platform-Co. R distance as XPP Diff Possibility to remove from the beam path (airpads) No interference with CXI beamline (600 mm aside) Defining Slits Diagnostics Diffractometer Large Angle Detector Stage Advanced Procurement Review : This Thursday X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 11 11 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

Large Angle Detector Mover Photon Shutter Primary Slits Diagnostics Monochromator Transport Tunnel Secondary Slits

Large Angle Detector Mover Photon Shutter Primary Slits Diagnostics Monochromator Transport Tunnel Secondary Slits Diagnostics Split and Delay Secondary Slits Diagnostics Focusing Lenses Photon Shutter Attenuators Pulse Picker FEH Hutch 4 Harm. Rej. Mirrors Defining Slits Large Angle Detector Mover Sample/detector distance 7 -8 m Decoupled from diffractometer SAXS, WAXS, GI Diagnostics Diffractometer Large Angle Detector Stage 2θ up to 55º, vertical tilt Advanced Procurement Review : This Thursday X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 12 12 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

Large Angle Detector Mover Photon Shutter Primary Slits Diagnostics Monochromator Transport Tunnel Secondary Slits

Large Angle Detector Mover Photon Shutter Primary Slits Diagnostics Monochromator Transport Tunnel Secondary Slits Diagnostics Split and Delay Secondary Slits Diagnostics Focusing Lenses Photon Shutter Attenuators Pulse Picker FEH Hutch 4 Harm. Rej. Mirrors HERIX, sector 30 Defining Slits Diagnostics Diffractometer Large Angle Detector Stage X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 13 13 Aymeric Robert [email protected]c. stanford. edu

XCS Detector Pink : / =1. 5% 20 m, Focussed / =1. 4 10

XCS Detector Pink : / =1. 5% 20 m, Focussed / =1. 4 10 -4 20 m, Flat 2 D Pixel Array Detector m a be Developed at BNL (Mo. U) 1024 x 1024 pixels 35 x 35 mm 2 pixel size High DQE 10 2 dynamic range Noise << 1 photon 120 Hz Readout Rate ze si Pink : / =1. 5% 12 m, Focussed X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 14 14 / =1. 4 10 -4 20 m, Focussed Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

Work Breakdown Structure WBS Scope/CD-2 Cost Includes: 1. 4. 1 XCS Physics support &

Work Breakdown Structure WBS Scope/CD-2 Cost Includes: 1. 4. 1 XCS Physics support & engineering integration 1. 4. 2 XCS X-ray optics & support tables 1. 4. 3 2 D XCS Detector from BNL by Mo. U 1. 4. 4 XCS Sample Environment & Diffractometer system 1. 4. 5 XCS Hutch facilities 1. 4. 6 XCS Vacuum system 1. 4. 7 XCS Installation Other related WBS 1. 5 Diagnostics & Common Optics, incl. Monochromator 1. 6 Controls and data system In kind contribution Split and Delay setup ( from SLAC/DESY Mo. U in process) X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 15 15 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu

Scope Early Science Scope (available 2011) CD 4 (available in 2012 or before) Post-Monochromator

Scope Early Science Scope (available 2011) CD 4 (available in 2012 or before) Post-Monochromator Large Angle Detector Mover Diffractometer Large Offset Monochromator X-ray Diagnostics (All) X-ray Detector System X-ray Optics and Diagnostics Support Stands Vacuum System Controls & Data Systems Hutch Facilities X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy Do. E Status Review of the LUSI MIE Project 16 16 Aymeric Robert [email protected] stanford. edu