WWI https www youtube comwatch v1 GBWDQ 5

  • Slides: 28
Download presentation
WWI https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=1 GBWDQ 5 c. F_U&list=PLv. Gg. Z 5 v

WWI https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=1 GBWDQ 5 c. F_U&list=PLv. Gg. Z 5 v 2 o_ N 8 d. Dogxre. L 2 Nbnf. KHg. Hxq. Y&index=2

Taking notes What are the impacts of the war on people’s thinking (think of

Taking notes What are the impacts of the war on people’s thinking (think of what Fowler talked about) n What are the specific impacts of the war on the United States? n What does Lodge appeal to in his arguments against the L of N? n What are Wilson’s main arguments in favor? n Are the attitude shown by Wilson and Lodge similar in any way? n

King’s grandfather

King’s grandfather

The Roaring 20’s An era of prosperity, Republican power, and conflict

The Roaring 20’s An era of prosperity, Republican power, and conflict

n n n 1920's collectively known as the "Roaring 20's", or the "Jazz Age"

n n n 1920's collectively known as the "Roaring 20's", or the "Jazz Age" in sum, a period of great change in American Society modern America is born at this time for first time the census reflected an urban society – more people lived in cities and enjoy a higher standard of living

Age of Prosperity n Economic expansion Mass Production Assembly Line Age of the Automobile

Age of Prosperity n Economic expansion Mass Production Assembly Line Age of the Automobile n But Ailing Agriculture… n n n

n n an agricultural depression in early 1920's contributed to this urban migration U.

n n an agricultural depression in early 1920's contributed to this urban migration U. S. farmers lost agricultural markets in postwar Europe at same time agri. efficiency increased so more food produced (more food = lower prices) and fewer labourers needed so farming was no longer as prosperous, and bankers called in their loans (farms repossessed) and U. S. farmers enter a state of economic depression BEFORE the Great Depression

It was also time of great economic inequality: Share of wealth of owned by

It was also time of great economic inequality: Share of wealth of owned by richest 0. 1 percent

The top 0. 01 % of the population averaged nearly 900 times the income

The top 0. 01 % of the population averaged nearly 900 times the income of the bottom 90% of the population in 1928, right before the stock market crash and depression In 2006, that ratio was nearly 1, 000 times and in a little more than a year, the nation’s economy plunged into the worst recession since The Great Depression of the 1930 s,

Between September 2008 and May 2009, 5. 5 million jobs disappeared

Between September 2008 and May 2009, 5. 5 million jobs disappeared

Black Americans in this period continued to live in poverty n sharecropping kept them

Black Americans in this period continued to live in poverty n sharecropping kept them in de facto slavery n 1915 - boll weevil wiped out the cotton crop n white landowners went bankrupt & forced blacks off their land n

n n Blacks moved north to take advantage of booming wartime industry (= Great

n n Blacks moved north to take advantage of booming wartime industry (= Great Migration) - Black ghettoes began to form, i. e. Harlem within these ghettoes a distinct African-American culture flourished

n n n n Marcus Garvey (Jamaican born immigrant) established the Universal Negro Improvement

n n n n Marcus Garvey (Jamaican born immigrant) established the Universal Negro Improvement Association believed in Black pride advocated racial segregation b/c of Black superiority Garvey believed Blacks should return to Africa he purchased a ship to start the Black Star line attracted many investments: gov't charged him with w/fraud he was found guilty and eventually deported to Jamaica, but his organization continued to exist

Consumer Economy

Consumer Economy

Culture of the Roaring 20’s Radio KDKA Pittsburgh GE, Westinghouse, & RCA form NBC

Culture of the Roaring 20’s Radio KDKA Pittsburgh GE, Westinghouse, & RCA form NBC Silent Movies Charlie Chaplin “Talkies” The Jazz Singer Starring Al Jolson Mary Pickford “America’s Sweetheart”

The 20’s is The Jazz Age The Flappers make up cigarettes short skirts Writers

The 20’s is The Jazz Age The Flappers make up cigarettes short skirts Writers Musicians F. Scott Fitzgerald Ernest Hemingway Louis Armstrong Duke Ellington

n n n n PROHIBITION - on manuf. and sale of alcohol adopted in

n n n n PROHIBITION - on manuf. and sale of alcohol adopted in 1919 - 18 th AMENDMENT an outgrowth of the longtime temperance movement in WWI, temperance became a patriotic mvmt. - drunkenness caused low productivity & inefficiency, and alcohol needed to treat the wounded a difficult law to enforce. . . organized crime, speakeasies, bootleggers were on the rise Al Capone virtually controlled Chicago in this period Prohibition finally ended in 1933 w/ the 21 st Amendment forced organized crime to pursue other interests…(and they were successful!!)

Prohibition Volstead Act 18 th Amendment Gangsters Al Capone

Prohibition Volstead Act 18 th Amendment Gangsters Al Capone

Celebrities Babe Ruth &Ty Cobb Jack Dempsey “I know, but I had a better

Celebrities Babe Ruth &Ty Cobb Jack Dempsey “I know, but I had a better year than Hoover. ” - Ruth’s reported reply when a reporter objected that the salary Ruth was demanding ($80, 000) was more than that of President Herbert Hoover's ($75, 000)

n n n 1920's also brought about great changes for women. . . During

n n n 1920's also brought about great changes for women. . . During WW 1, many women had entered the workforce 1920 - 19 th Amendment gave them the federal vote after 1920, social circumstances changed too as more women worked outside the home and more women went to college and clamoured to join the professions

n n n for immigrants – the point of origin had shifted to S

n n n for immigrants – the point of origin had shifted to S & E Europe and new religions appeared: Jewish, Orthodox, Catholic N. European immigrants of early 19 c. feared this shift and felt it would undermine Protestant values this fear was known as NATIVISM many wanted Congress to restrict immigration, leading to a quota system that favoured n. areas of Europe fear of immigrants (from SE Europe) led to a sentiment known as the Red Scare (fear of comm. post-Bolshevik Rev. ) basic comm. advocates a int'l revolution by the proletariat/workers fears that this ideology could find its way into the U. S.

n In 1919, U. S. Attorney General, A. Mitchell Palmer, used fears of both

n In 1919, U. S. Attorney General, A. Mitchell Palmer, used fears of both immigrants and communism to his advantage Led to Palmer Raids, followed a series of bombings by anarchists/radicals

A Society in Conflict n Anti-immigrant feeling Trial of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti

A Society in Conflict n Anti-immigrant feeling Trial of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti – Italian immigrants – Unfair trial

Sacco and Vanzetti n Convicted of armed robbery, evidence was flimsy, and despite protests

Sacco and Vanzetti n Convicted of armed robbery, evidence was flimsy, and despite protests but they convicted and executed in 1927

The Ku Klux Klan Great increase In power Anti-black Anti-immigrant Anti-Semitic Anti-Catholic Anti-women’s suffrage

The Ku Klux Klan Great increase In power Anti-black Anti-immigrant Anti-Semitic Anti-Catholic Anti-women’s suffrage Anti-bootleggers

1925 Scopes “Monkey” Trial Evolution vs. Creationism John Scopes was charged Science vs. Religion

1925 Scopes “Monkey” Trial Evolution vs. Creationism John Scopes was charged Science vs. Religion with violating a Tennessee state law forbidding the teaching of theory of evolution. He was convicted but the ruling was overturned