- Slides: 14
Writing with Detail: Prepositional Phrases Identifying prepositional phrases Adding detail with prepositional phrases Varying sentence structure with prepositional phrases Review A Review B
Identifying prepositional phrases Great writers help you see a place or situation by providing detail. Imagine if you read the following passage: Far off a square trembled. Staggering along I floundered, and almost fell. You might well ask … or Whereisof ishe this A Where square what? she going? person?
Identifying prepositional phrases See how Edith Wharton wrote the actual passage in Ethan Frome: Far off a above square ustrembled. a square Staggering of light trembled. along I floundered, Staggering along and Iin almost floundered, Frome’s fell. wake, wake and almost II fell. floundered toward it, and almost fell. into one of the deep drifts against the front of the house. Wharton added all of this detail by using prepositional phrases.
Identifying prepositional phrases Prepositional phrases can be lined up, side by side, to add even more detail. up the slippery steps of the porch into one of the deep drifts against the front of the house
Adding detail with prepositional phrases Prepositional phrases provide detail by answering the following questions. Where? above us When? at night How? What kind? Which one? in the darkness after dinner with grace of gold in the morning by climbing with puffy sleeves
Adding detail with prepositional phrases To make your sentences more detailed. . . 1. Ask where, when, or how the action took place. Our class built a bridge. Where? Our class built a bridge in the park. When? Our class built a bridge over the weekend. How? Our class built a bridge out of recycled plastic boards.
Adding detail with prepositional phrases 2. Look for nouns that you can say more about by asking “What kind? ” or “Which one? ” This box needs to be sorted. What kind? This box of clothes needs to be sorted. Which one? This box with torn sides needs to be sorted.
Adding detail with prepositional phrases On Your Own The following sentences tell a story but are not very detailed. Add detail to each of the following sentences by adding prepositional phrases. 1. This morning I woke up. 2. I was surprised to discover a large hole. 3. Something was making strange noises. 4. I decided to have a closer look. 5. Not sure, I stuck in my head. [End of Section]
Varying sentence structure with prepositional phrases Many writers like to begin a sentence with a prepositional phrase to give the reader a context for what comes next. At the height of her fame and popularity Marella Jacob traveled constantly, performing nightly in sold-out concerts for fans who hung on every note and watched every movement.
Varying sentence structure with prepositional phrases To add variety to your sentence structure, start some sentences with prepositional phrases. Repetitive Varied Marella Jacob traveled. She was famous and popular. She traveled constantly. She performed in sold-out concerts for fans. At the height of her fame and popularity, Marella Jacob traveled constantly, performing nightly in sold-out concerts for fans who hung on every note and watched every movement.
Varying sentence structure with prepositional phrases On Your Own Combine each pair of sentences by turning one sentence into a prepositional phrase and adding it to the beginning of the other. Change other words as necessary. 1. The car turned at the corner. The car turned right. 2. Buds appear on every branch. Buds decorate the trees. 3. Call 911. Call that number in an emergency. 4. Nina hopes to have raised one hundred dollars. She hopes to have raised that much by Friday. 5. We stayed indoors during the blizzard. We stayed indoors for two full days. [End of Section]
Review A Identify each prepositional phrase in the following passage from Mark Twain’s Life on the Mississippi. Then, indicate which question each phrase answers. Sometimes, in the big river, when we would be feeling our way cautiously along through a fog, the deep hush would suddenly be broken by yells and a clamor of tin pans, and all in an instant a log raft would appear vaguely through the webby veil, close upon us. .
Review B Provide extra detail by adding prepositional phrases to the following sentences. For two of the sentences, place a prepositional phrase at the beginning. 1. He saw a rumpled paper bag. 2. The new building will be finished. 3. Each public square has a fountain. 4. The heat filled the room. 5. These ancient people built a sturdy road. [End of Section]