WRITING RESEARCH Writing techniques Good research writing begins

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WRITING RESEARCH Writing techniques § Good research writing begins with good writing, which means,

WRITING RESEARCH Writing techniques § Good research writing begins with good writing, which means, among other things, writing to communicate rather than to impress. § Avoiding plagiarism—that is, presenting someone else’s words or thoughts as though they were your own—is essential. Wherever using someone else’s exact words, you must provide a full bibliographic citation of the source. § The research report should include an account of the study design and execution. § The analysis of a report should be clear at each step, and its conclusion should be specific but not overly detailed. § To write good reports, researchers need to provide details, integrate supporting materials, and draw explicit conclusions. 2020 -10 -07 2 연구방법론-글쓰기, 윤리

WRITING RESEARCH Abstract § Mention the problem being addressed § State the central purpose

WRITING RESEARCH Abstract § Mention the problem being addressed § State the central purpose or focus of the study § Briefly state information about the sample, population, or participants § Review key results that relate to the study § Review methodology § Point out technical and methodological flaws 2020 -10 -07 3 연구방법론-글쓰기, 윤리

WRITING RESEARCH Introduction § Including § Brief introduction § Statement of the problem §

WRITING RESEARCH Introduction § Including § Brief introduction § Statement of the problem § Identification of sub-problems, if any § Delimitations of the study § Conceptual definitions of key terms § Abbreviations, if needed § Statement of the need for the study § Conceptual Framework of the study § Hypothesis or research question § Assumptions § Operational definitions of important concepts 2020 -10 -07 4 연구방법론-글쓰기, 윤리

WRITING RESEARCH Literature Review § Build on the briefer literature review provided for the

WRITING RESEARCH Literature Review § Build on the briefer literature review provided for the problem statement § Provide conceptual basis and findings in the (related) subject field § Steps in conducting a literature review § Begin by identifying key words useful § Go to the library and begin searching, with these keywords in mind § Locate about 50 researches in articles or books related to the topic § Obtain a sense of whether the article or chapter will make a useful contribution to the research § Design the literature map, a visual picture and organize the position of research literature § Begin summaries of the most literature § Assemble and end the literature review with a summary of the major themes 2020 -10 -07 연구방법론-글쓰기, 윤리 5

WRITING RESEARCH Design of the Study § Basic research methodology § Describe clear and

WRITING RESEARCH Design of the Study § Basic research methodology § Describe clear and precise about what was done and how it was done § Population and sample § Sources of relevant data § Data collection techniques and instruments § Data analysis techniques 2020 -10 -07 6 연구방법론-글쓰기, 윤리

WRITING RESEARCH Results § Descriptive statistics, if utilized § Inferential statistics—hypothesis § Other findings

WRITING RESEARCH Results § Descriptive statistics, if utilized § Inferential statistics—hypothesis § Other findings § Summary of results Summary and Conclusions § Summary of the study § Interpretations and conclusion § Limitations of the results § Recommendations for future research 2020 -10 -07 7 연구방법론-글쓰기, 윤리

USING RESOURCES FOR THE RESEARCH In what priority § Start with broad syntheses of

USING RESOURCES FOR THE RESEARCH In what priority § Start with broad syntheses of the literature § Encyclopedias, textbooks § Annual Review of Information Science and Technology § Journal articles § Monographs related to the topic § Recent conference papers § Dissertation and theses 2020 -10 -07 8 연구방법론-글쓰기, 윤리

USING RESOURCES FOR THE RESEARCH Internet Resources § Not everything you read on the

USING RESOURCES FOR THE RESEARCH Internet Resources § Not everything you read on the web is necessarily true. § Original sources of data are preferred over those that take data from elsewhere. § In evaluating a web source, one should ask the following: § Who or what is the author of the website? § Is the site advocating a particular point of view? § Does the site give accurate and complete references? § Are the data up-to-data? § Official agencies usually serve as a good source of data, although the data are subject to error. § Should verify data wherever possible. § Web citations should be complete—allowing the reader to locate and review the materials cited. 2020 -10 -07 9 연구방법론-글쓰기, 윤리

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