World War II Section 1 World War II

  • Slides: 43
Download presentation
World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1 Axis Aggression Preview • Starting Points Map: Europe, 1930

World War II Section 1 Axis Aggression Preview • Starting Points Map: Europe, 1930 s • Main Idea / Reading Focus • Germany Expands • Map: Axis Advances • Alliances and Civil War

World War II Section 1 Axis Aggression Preview, continued • The War Begins •

World War II Section 1 Axis Aggression Preview, continued • The War Begins • Faces of History: Winston Churchill • Japan Attacks

World War II Section 1 Axis Aggression Main Idea In the late 1930 s

World War II Section 1 Axis Aggression Main Idea In the late 1930 s Germany, Italy, and Japan used military force to build empires. Their aggressive actions led to the outbreak of World War II. Reading Focus • In what ways did Germany expand in the late 1930 s? • What alliances did Axis nations make in the 1930 s? • How did the war begin? • What were the causes and effects of Japan’s attack on the United States?

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath Section 2: The

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath Section 2: The Axis Advances Witness History Audio: Janina’s War Story The Axis Advances Nazi Germany invaded Poland from one side, while the Soviets came from the other. France and Britain had no time to help. Then Germany attacked France from the north, and Italy invaded from the south. When France fell, only Britain stood against the Axis powers. A Nazi bombing campaign against London and other cities only strengthened British resolve. Meanwhile, Axis armies also pushed into North Africa and the Balkans. Witness History Audio: Winston Churchill Witness History Audio: Surviving the Blitz Note Taking Transparency 172 A 1 of 8

World War II Section 1 1940– 1941 Attack on France • Denmark and Norway

World War II Section 1 1940– 1941 Attack on France • Denmark and Norway captured; the Netherlands and Belgium followed • Tank attack through Ardennes; overwhelmed light resistance there • Heroic Dunkirk rescue; France surrendered in June 1940 Battle for Britain • Great Britain stood alone against German war machine; Churchill now leader • Radar technology secret weapon for air defense • British stood firm during Battle of Britain; Hitler called off invasion plans

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath Section 2: The

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath Section 2: The Axis Advances Germany Invades the Soviet Union Hitler invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941 in the hopes of gaining its natural resources and putting down communism. Hitler’s advance was stalled by the brutal Russian winter, but Russians in Leningrad suffered a two-and-a-half-year siege that caused mass starvation. Life Under Japanese and Nazi Occupation The people who lived in lands occupied by the Nazis and the Japanese were often offered brutal treatment. Hitler’s forces sent Polish and Soviet Slavs to work as slave laborers and the Jewish people got the same and worse in Nazi “death camps. ” The Japanese killed and tortured Asians whom they claimed to help free from Western colonial rule. Note Taking Transparency 172 B 2 of 8

World War II Section 1 Invasion of the Soviet Union • June 1941, Hitler’s

World War II Section 1 Invasion of the Soviet Union • June 1941, Hitler’s invasion of the Soviet Union had initial successes • Major goals of Leningrad and Moscow not reached before harsh Soviet winter • Soviet armies had time to rebuild and would fight back

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1 Life in Japan Social Changes • Rapid shift from

World War II Section 1 Life in Japan Social Changes • Rapid shift from feudal agricultural nation to urban industrial country affected more than economy • Universal education, new Western ideas also led to societal changes • Democracy began to flourish, political parties emerged Fashions, beliefs • Some young people adopted Western fashions, beliefs, questioned traditional Japanese values • Conservative Japanese, military leaders, resented changes • Believed straying from traditional beliefs, interests had corrupted country

World War II Section 1 Japanese Aggression End of 1920 s • Japan’s military

World War II Section 1 Japanese Aggression End of 1920 s • Japan’s military gained power Modern Warfare • Widened the gap between the military and civilian government • World War I showed modern war would rely on technology, industrial power • Without civilian controls, military became more aggressive • Japan could not compete with large industrial nations Building a Fighting Spirit Inspiring a Fighting Spirit • To make up for industrial limitations, focused on soldiers • Surrender, retreat, defense all removed from military manuals • Began to promote fighting spirit of Japanese troops instead of modern weaponry • Military personnel placed in public schools to shape thinking of Japanese children

World War II Section 1 Japanese Aggression Forming New Alliances • • • League

World War II Section 1 Japanese Aggression Forming New Alliances • • • League of Nations condemned aggressive actions in Manchuria Japan withdrew from League of Nations, 1933 Announced it would no longer limit size of navy, 1934 Made break with West, drew closer to Germany Anti-Comintern Pact signed, 1936 Anti-Comintern Pact • Japan, Germany agreed to work together to oppose spread of communism • Each promised to come to aid of other in case of Soviet Union attack • Italy joined pact, 1937 War in China • Conflict between China, Japan grew worse • Japan more aggressive, seized more territory • Some worried Chinese Communists, Guomindang might join Soviet Union opposing Japan

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath: Section 2 Note

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath: Section 2 Note Taking Transparency 172 B 5 of 8

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath Section 2: The

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath Section 2: The Axis Advances Japan Attacks the United States When the U. S. banned the sale of war materials to Japan after its invasion of French Indochina, Japan and the U. S. participated in fruitless talks. Japanese General Tojo ordered an attack on the American fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This led to a declaration of war by the U. S. Color Transparency 175: Pearl Harbor Quick. Take Section Quiz Progress Monitoring Transparency 3 of 8

World War II Section 1 Japan Attacks Japan’s alliance with Germany was seen as

World War II Section 1 Japan Attacks Japan’s alliance with Germany was seen as a sign of a war plan. Japan sent forces to Indochina to secure necessary resources of oil and rubber. Hideki Tojo held peace talks with the U. S. but planned for war. Pearl Harbor • Surprise attack on U. S. Navy Pacific Fleet • December 7, 1941 • Fighters and bombers launched from carriers • Raid a success Two-hour attack • Major destruction • Heavy casualties – 2, 400 dead – 200 planes gone – Eight battleships sunk • Three carriers survived

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath: Section 2 Color

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath: Section 2 Color Transparency 175: Pearl Harbor 6 of 8

World War II Section 1 Isolationism • Attack had profound effect • Ended desire

World War II Section 1 Isolationism • Attack had profound effect • Ended desire to stay out of Europe’s war • War declared on Japan • Germany and Italy declare war on U. S. • Allies vs. Axis

World War II Section 1 Find the Main Idea Why did Japan attack the

World War II Section 1 Find the Main Idea Why did Japan attack the United States? Answer(s): American leaders banned the sale of oil to Japan, which threatened Japan's future plans in French Indochina.

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath: Section 2 Note

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath: Section 2 Note Taking Transparency 172 A 4 of 8

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath: Section 2 Progress

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath: Section 2 Progress Monitoring Transparency (1 of 2) 7 of 8

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath: Section 2 Progress

World War II Section 1 World War II and Its Aftermath: Section 2 Progress Monitoring Transparency (2 of 2) 8 of 8