World History Causes of WWI Alliances between nations

  • Slides: 26
Download presentation
World History

World History

Causes of WWI Alliances between nations Feeling of nationalism Growth of mass militaries Russia

Causes of WWI Alliances between nations Feeling of nationalism Growth of mass militaries Russia had 1. 3 million military people Problems in Serbia/Bosnia (Balkans) Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

Alliances before War Triple Alliance (1882) Triple Entente (1907) Germany France Austria-Hungary Great Britain

Alliances before War Triple Alliance (1882) Triple Entente (1907) Germany France Austria-Hungary Great Britain Italy Russia

Militarism Between 1890 -1914 most countries military doubled in size Russia- 1. 3 million

Militarism Between 1890 -1914 most countries military doubled in size Russia- 1. 3 million French and Germany- 900, 000 each Britain, Italy, Austria-Hungary-250, 000500, 000 each Aggressive preparation for war

Serbian Problems Country in E. Europe History of problems with Ottoman Empire Austria-Hungary versus

Serbian Problems Country in E. Europe History of problems with Ottoman Empire Austria-Hungary versus Russia domination Russia wanted to make a huge Serbian country Austria-Hungary was determined to avoid that from happening

Assasination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand June 28, 1914, heir to Austria-Hungary throne killed in

Assasination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand June 28, 1914, heir to Austria-Hungary throne killed in Sarajevo, Bosnia, country controlled by Austria. Hungary Black Hand wanted Bosnia Free.

Black Hand- Serbian terrorist organization wanted Bosnia free from Austria-Hungary Earlier that day a

Black Hand- Serbian terrorist organization wanted Bosnia free from Austria-Hungary Earlier that day a bomb was placed in car Unsuccessful, shooter was able to kill Archduke and his wife Gavrilo Princip 19 year old, Bosnian Serb No direct connection to SERBIA? ? ?

War Begins Austria needed back-up (Germany) But feared Russia’s involvement Sent an ultimatum to

War Begins Austria needed back-up (Germany) But feared Russia’s involvement Sent an ultimatum to Serbia July 23, 1914 Extreme demands July 28 Austria-Hungary declares war Russia also mobilizes their troops Germany threatens Russia and declares war on them (Aug 1) Aug 3 - Germany declared war on France Aug 4 - Britain declares war on Germany Because of Belgium neutrality

Propaganda ideas spread by government to influence people about the war

Propaganda ideas spread by government to influence people about the war

Change of Mind May 1915 - Italy began attacking Austria Betrayed their Triple Alliance

Change of Mind May 1915 - Italy began attacking Austria Betrayed their Triple Alliance (Central Powers) Joined the Triple Entente AKA Allied Powers

War Strategies Two Front war West – trench warfare, longer warfare East- mobile, more

War Strategies Two Front war West – trench warfare, longer warfare East- mobile, more casualties Trench warfare- shelter dug for protection

Trench

Trench

United States & Lusitania Neutral since war began U. S. President- Woodrow Wilson May

United States & Lusitania Neutral since war began U. S. President- Woodrow Wilson May 7, 1915 - British civilian ship “Lusitania” was sunk by German forces 100 Americans died because of unrestricted submarine warfare Entered war in April 1917 Money Supplies Psychological boost

World War Affect everyone in the world People were moving all around the world

World War Affect everyone in the world People were moving all around the world Governments enforce law Rationing of food and supplies Price increase Wage increase Regulated imports and exports

Women in WWI Created new roles for women Women were asked to take jobs

Women in WWI Created new roles for women Women were asked to take jobs that men left behind Beginning of the women’s movement Right to vote Once war was over, women had to go back to what they were doing

Russian Revolution Was not prepared for what happened No good leader 1914 -1916 about

Russian Revolution Was not prepared for what happened No good leader 1914 -1916 about 2 million soldiers were killed They lost their reason to fight Their Czar, Nicolas II, was at war, his wife made decisions 1917 - women started striking “peace and bread” Nicholas was ordered to step down

Russian Revolution New government was created People mostly wanted to stop fighting in war

Russian Revolution New government was created People mostly wanted to stop fighting in war Had challenges with the soviets, representatives of workers & soldiers Made up of socialists One group was the Bolsheviks Leader Vladimir Ulianov AKA V. I. Lenin Dedicated to a violent revolution 1917 came to seize power from new gov’t

Lenin Helped the Bolsheviks gain control of Russia Gave promises to peasants of land

Lenin Helped the Bolsheviks gain control of Russia Gave promises to peasants of land “Peace, Land, Bread”

Bolsheviks Seize Power Had a lot of supporters Dedicated leaders, Lenin and Leon Trotsky

Bolsheviks Seize Power Had a lot of supporters Dedicated leaders, Lenin and Leon Trotsky Nov 6, 1917, they went in Winter Palace and took over Bolsheviks named themselves Communists Loss territory Civil War erupted in Russia Many people opposed the Bolsheviks, including the Allies who sent troops in. They sent aid to anti-communist forces

Red versus White Red-Communist army Well-disciplined fighting force White- Anti-communist army Fighting occurred between

Red versus White Red-Communist army Well-disciplined fighting force White- Anti-communist army Fighting occurred between 1918 -1921 Red Army is victorious Due to Leon Trotsky, insisted rigid discipline If you disobeyed you were SHOT on the spot 1921 - communist in control of Russia Hostile to the Allied powers

Heading towards the End 1917 - was the year the Central Power looked at

Heading towards the End 1917 - was the year the Central Power looked at its best Russia withdrew from war Until U. S. entered it helped the allies 1918 a million American soldiers came into France to move into Germany German government was under pressure by its people and soldiers November 11, 1918 signed an armistice End of war

Germany and Austria. Hungary Communism: government controls MOST of the ECONOMY (Banks, industries, farming)

Germany and Austria. Hungary Communism: government controls MOST of the ECONOMY (Banks, industries, farming) Communist movements started in Germany Austria-Hungary also saw revolution Made up of different ethnic groups seeking independence Independent Nations Austria Hungary Czechoslovakia Yugoslavia

Peace Settlements Jan 1919, members from Allied nations met in Paris to make a

Peace Settlements Jan 1919, members from Allied nations met in Paris to make a final settlement Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points Countries wanted Germany to repay costs for the war League of Nations- an international peacekeeping organization Treaty of Versailles- June 28, 1919 Germany & Austria was responsible for war (GUILTY) Reduce army and eliminate air force New Countries formed

World War I Death Was a Power of almost 10 million people total world

World War I Death Was a Power of almost 10 million people total world war of government over the lives of people increased Freedom of press and speech were limited Beginning of women’s rights Opened doors for other insecurities Revolutions broke out and created new empires