World Geography CBA Review Fall 2013 7B Explain

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World Geography CBA Review Fall 2013

World Geography CBA Review Fall 2013

7(B): Explain how political, economic, social, and environmental push and pull factors and physical

7(B): Explain how political, economic, social, and environmental push and pull factors and physical geography affect the routes and flows of human migration. 1. The Great Irish Famine is an example of a: A. pull factor B. location C. push factor D. physical characteristic 2. Many people have come to the U. S. because of the availability of jobs. This is an example of a: A. pull factor B. political characteristic C. human-environment interaction D. push factor

20(A): Describe the impact of new information technologies such as the Internet, Global Positioning

20(A): Describe the impact of new information technologies such as the Internet, Global Positioning System (GPS), or Geographic Information Systems (GIS). 3. GPS is useful for: A. travel and navigation. B. finding urban population statistics. C. educating students about new areas. D. distinguishing climate zones.

9(B): Describe different types of regions, including formal, functional, and perceptual regions. 4. A

9(B): Describe different types of regions, including formal, functional, and perceptual regions. 4. A functional region is often organized around a specific focal point. Which of the following is most clearly a functional region with a central focal point? A. Southwest Asia and North Africa B. Sub-Saharan Africa C. Dallas/Ft. Worth Metroplex D. Asia

4(C): Explain the influence of climate on the distribution of biomes in different regions.

4(C): Explain the influence of climate on the distribution of biomes in different regions. 5. Broadleaf deciduous forests grow best in regions with a -- A. temperate climates with adequate rainfall B. Mediterranean climate C. tropical wet and dry climate D. arid climate • • • 6. Tropical rainforests are found near the equator where ample rain falls. Tall grasses dominate in areas that tend to be drier. Plants that store water exist in areas with temperature extremes and little rainfall Which conclusion can best be drawn from these three examples? A. B. C. D. Tall grasses grow well in the Great Plains. Climate greatly influences the types of biomes found in different regions. Cacti are usually found in desert areas where it tends to be dry. Rainfall is one cause for the rapid growth of tropical rainforests.

3(A): Explain weather conditions and climate in relation to annual changes in Earth. Sun

3(A): Explain weather conditions and climate in relation to annual changes in Earth. Sun relationships. 7. Which best explains why we experience four seasons on Earth? A. The gravitational pull of the moon B. The distance between the Earth and the sun C. The tilt of the Earth on its axis as it revolves around the sun D. The effect of tectonic plate movement on Earth’s oceans

4(A): Explain how elevation, latitude, wind systems, ocean currents, position on a continent, and

4(A): Explain how elevation, latitude, wind systems, ocean currents, position on a continent, and mountain barriers influence temperature, precipitation, and distribution of climate regions. 8. Compare Location A and Location B. Based on your knowledge of the factors that affect climate and the map above, which of the following best explains why location A and B have different climates? A. Altitude B. Different Latitude C. Continentality D. Wind currents

3(B): Describe the physical processes that affect the environments of regions, including weather, tectonic

3(B): Describe the physical processes that affect the environments of regions, including weather, tectonic forces, erosion, and soil-building processes. 9. The most common type of mechanical weathering occurs when– A. acidic water seeps into a crack in a rock. B. seeds take root in a crack in a rock. C. water repeatedly freezes and melts in a crack in a rock. D. rocks collide during subduction. 10. The most frequent cause of major earthquakes is the— A. pressure from tectonic plate movement. B. occurrence of landslides. C. gravitational pull of the moon as it orbits Earth. D. change in underwater currents. 11. A farmer sees an area he believes will be good for farming because of its rich topsoil. Which process contributed most to forming this rich topsoil? A. Sand storms B. Ocean currents C. Decaying plant life D. Folding of Earth’s crust

9(A): Identify physical factors such as climate, vegetation [and] river systems that constitute a

9(A): Identify physical factors such as climate, vegetation [and] river systems that constitute a region. 12. Which of the following terms describes an area that has common landforms, soils, climate, and vegetation? A. a savannah B. a physical region C. a political unit D. a continent 13. The Midwest is called “the nation’s breadbasket” because-- A. millions of loaves of bread are produced there every day. B. it is the crossroads of the United States. C. it is the region that produces most of the nation’s grain, dairy products, and hogs. D. most of the nation’s fruit and vegetables are grown here.

4(B): Describe different landforms and the physical processes that cause their development. 14. The

4(B): Describe different landforms and the physical processes that cause their development. 14. The Mississippi River Delta, which has been formed over centuries by the depositing of silt as the river emptied into the ocean, is a(n): A. escarpment B. barrier C. alluvial plain D. canyon

7(A): Construct and analyze population pyramids and use other data, graphics, and maps to

7(A): Construct and analyze population pyramids and use other data, graphics, and maps to describe the population characteristics of different societies and to predict future population trends. 15. Based on the chart, which of the following generalizations is most accurate? A. B. C. D. Population is increasing rapidly within the world and within each region Although world population has increased, the distribution of population has not World population growth and regional distribution are predicted to level out over time World population and world distribution are expected to continue to change dramatically in the future

6(B): Explain the processes that have caused changes in settlement patterns, including urbanization, transportation,

6(B): Explain the processes that have caused changes in settlement patterns, including urbanization, transportation, access to and availability of resources, and economic activities. 16. On January 24, 1848, gold was discovered in Coloma, California, in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. How did this discovery lead to changes in settlement patterns? A. People fled from these areas to avoid mining operations. B. Mining towns sprang up almost overnight where gold was discovered. C. Population in the mountains increased rapidly as farmers arrived to plant crops. D. San Francisco’s population decreased as people moved inland to the Sierra Nevada

7(C): Describe trends in world population growth and distribution. 17. Using the information in

7(C): Describe trends in world population growth and distribution. 17. Using the information in the chart above which is one reason why the population of Europe did not increase as fast as other regions? A. Most Europeans live in small towns. B. Europeans began having smaller families. C. Other regions were involved in a series of major wars. D. Workers from other places migrated to Europe.

8(C): Evaluate the economic and political relationships between settlements and the environment, including sustainable

8(C): Evaluate the economic and political relationships between settlements and the environment, including sustainable development and renewable/non-renewable resources. 18. Which human activity would be most likely to have a negative impact on the environment? A. Using reforestation to control soil erosion B. Burning non-renewable resources to generate electric power. C. Preserving endangered species. D. Investigating the use of biological controls for pets.

11(A): Understand the connections between levels of development and economic activities (primary, secondary, tertiary,

11(A): Understand the connections between levels of development and economic activities (primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary). 19. Which level of economic activity does each of the following represent? In what type of country (level of development) are these likely to be found? A B Secondary C Primary D Quaternary Tertiary

10(A): Describe the forces that determine the distribution of goods and services in free

10(A): Describe the forces that determine the distribution of goods and services in free enterprise, socialist, and communist economic systems. 20. What is a central characteristic of 21. In which economic system would a free market economy? you expect the widest selection of consumer goods? Explain why. A. The government owns the means of production A. Traditional B. All wage earners are paid the B. Free Enterprise same amount C. Socialist C. Labor unions are prohibited D. Communist D. Businesses are driven by the desire for profits

10(C): Compare the ways people satisfy their basic needs through the production of goods

10(C): Compare the ways people satisfy their basic needs through the production of goods and services such as subsistence agriculture versus commercial agriculture or cottage industries versus commercial industries. 22. Which is a major feature of an economy based on subsistence farming? A. Most adults work outside the home. B. Farmers compete with each other. C. Farmers raise just enough crops for their family to survive. D. The government decides which crops will be grown.

18(C): Identify examples of cultures that maintain traditional ways, including traditional economies. 23. Which

18(C): Identify examples of cultures that maintain traditional ways, including traditional economies. 23. Which statement best describes an aspect of traditional economy? A. Profit motivates individuals to set up private businesses B. The interplay of supply and demand regulates prices C. Tradition and customs greatly influence economic decisions D. Government directs and controls the means of production

5(B): Interpret political, economic, social, and demographic indicators (gross domestic product per capita, life

5(B): Interpret political, economic, social, and demographic indicators (gross domestic product per capita, life expectancy, literacy, and infant mortality) to determine the level of development and standard of living in nations using the terms Human Development Index, less developed, newly industrialized, and more developed. 24. The literacy rate of any country correlates most closely with which of the following? A. Per capita income B. Annual precipitation rates C. General level of intelligence D. Population density 25. Which of the following characteristics is currently shared by Switzerland, Canada, and New Zealand, all more developed nations? A. Low population-growth rates B. High infant-mortality rates C. Low literacy rates D. Most are involved in subsistence farming

7(A): Construct and analyze population pyramids and use other data, graphics, and maps to

7(A): Construct and analyze population pyramids and use other data, graphics, and maps to describe the population characteristics of different societies and to predict future population trends. 26. What would you expect to find in a country with zero population growth? A. A high birthrate and a low death rate B. More or less equal birthrates and death rates C. A low birthrate and a high 27. One would expect to find this death rate population pyramid structure in – D. Low birthrates and death A. Less developed countries rates B. C. D. Highly developed countries Countries with a low death rate Countries with a high standard of living

14(B): Compare how democracy, dictatorship, monarchy, republic, theocracy, and totalitarian systems operate in specific

14(B): Compare how democracy, dictatorship, monarchy, republic, theocracy, and totalitarian systems operate in specific countries Country A Country B Country C Country D Country E Country F Level of government control Power shared by hereditary ruler and a parliament Decided by the people Controls all aspects of life Religious leader has ultimate authority Limited by law Origin of government’s power Family line Consent of the people Seized from previous ruler Religious belief Constitution and laws Complete power in Chosen by the hands of a people single person and his party 28. What type of political system does Country C have? A. Democracy B. Monarchy C. Theocracy D. Totalitarianism 29. What type of political system does Country D have? A. Democracy B. Monarchy C. Theocracy D. Totalitarianism

17(B): Describe major world religions, including animism, Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and Sikhism,

17(B): Describe major world religions, including animism, Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and Sikhism, and their spatial distribution. 30. Christianity, Judaism and Islam 31. Animists generally believe that: and Sikhism are all similar in that A. Meditation leads the each religion: followers to Nirvana A. Practices polytheism B. After death the soul is reborn in another human form B. Practices strict codes of nonviolence C. Holy wars must be fought to C. Practices monotheism gain entry into heaven D. Originated in India D. Spirits inhabit both living and nonliving things in nature

11(B): Identify the factors affecting the location of different types of economic activities, including

11(B): Identify the factors affecting the location of different types of economic activities, including subsistence and commercial agriculture, manufacturing, and service industries. 32. Why do the majority of people who live in the middle of Canada make their living from harvesting lumber? A. Outsourcing has led to closure of factories B. It is too hot and dry to support farming C. There is an abundance of timber supplied by the subarctic climate D. Government dictates people’s jobs

16(D): Compare life in a variety of urban and rural areas in the world

16(D): Compare life in a variety of urban and rural areas in the world to evaluate political, economic, social, and environmental changes. 33. How does life in a rural village differ from life in an urban setting? A. Villagers travel more often than urban residents B. Village residents receive a more formal education than people in cities C. People in rural villages often engage in subsistence agriculture and cottage industries D. People in rural villages have greater access to the latest technologies

Process Skills tested on the CBA • Create and interpret different types of maps

Process Skills tested on the CBA • Create and interpret different types of maps to answer geographic questions, infer relationships, and analyze change. [WGS. 21 C] • Design and draw appropriate graphics such as maps, diagrams, tables, and graphs to communicate geographic features, distributions, and relationships. [WGS. 22 A] • Generate summaries, generalizations, and thesis statements supported by evidence. [WGS. 22 B] • Analyze and evaluate the validity and utility of multiple sources of geographic information such as primary and secondary sources, aerial photographs, and maps. [WGS. 21 A] • Use geographic terminology correctly. [WGS. 22 C]