- Slides: 15
Workbook Page 27 Class Notes
1. How many troops were in the regular army at the start of the War of 1812? • 7, 000 troops
2. What did Americans underestimate in their eagerness for war? • The Americans underestimated the strength of the British and their Native American allies
3. When did the war start? • The war started in July 1812, when General William Hull led the American army from Detroit into Canada.
4. Who led the American naval forces to victory in the battle for Lake Erie? • Oliver Hazard Perry
5. Where was Tecumseh killed? • In the fierce Battle of the Thames on October 5, the great leader Tecumseh was killed.
6. What American frigate destroyed the British warships the Guerriere and the Java? • The Constitution destroyed two British vessels—the Guerrière in August 1812 and the Java four months later.
7. Who led the bloody attack against the Creeks in March 1814? • In March 1814, a lanky Tennessee planter named Andrew Jackson attacked the Creeks.
8. When did the British burn and destroy Washington D. C. • August 24, 1814
9. What famous poem did Francis Scott Key write? • “The Star-Spangled Banner. ”
10. How did the Battle of Plattsburgh end? • The invasion was stopped when an American naval force on Lake Champlain defeated the British fleet on the lake in September 1814. Knowing the American ships could use their control of the lake to bombard them and land troops behind them, the British retreated to Canada.
11. Why did the British leaders decide to end the war? • The British decided the war in North America was too costly and unnecessary.
12. What treaty ended the war? • The Treaty of Ghent
13. When and where was the treaty signed? • American and British representatives signed a peace agreement in December 1814 in Ghent, Belgium.
14. Where did American forces achieve a decisive victory on January 8, 1815? • At the Battle of New Orleans, Americans achieved a decisive victory.