- Slides: 24
Women’s Suffrage Movement …my husband is voting today! …I wish we could vote.
► When the United States Constitution was written, only white men who owned property had the right to vote ► Women could notown property or have certain jobs
Amendment- addition, changes, or corrections to a constitution. Ex: … th ► 15 Amendment : gave voting rights to all men.
Are they =…?
It would take 72 years before national laws would be changed. • Movement started in 1848. • Women given voting rights in 1920.
• Women’s suffrage (voting rights) became an organized reform movement in 1848 at the Seneca Falls Convention in New York • Active in abolition & social reform Let me Vote!
• By 1880, 12% of all Texas women worked outside the home. Some were teachers, domestics, laundry workers, agricultural workers etc. • In 1877 laundresses in Galveston went on strike for higher wages. Why do you think suffrage was a right that these women wanted?
Famous Woman’s Suffragist Susan B. Anthony & Elizabeth Cady Stanton (seated) • Suffragists, Abolitionists, Social Reformers & activists Ever see her face on $
Lydia Starr Mc. Pherson • In 1877 she became the 1 st Texas female newspaper publisher • Founded the Sherman Democrat (newspaper) still in production today as the Herald Democrat
Annie Webb Blanton • • Went to University of Texas Became a teacher Wrote grammar textbooks Ran for State Superintendent of Public Instruction in 1918. Became the 1 st woman in Texas to hold state office
Rebecca Henry Hayes • Founded the Texas Equal Rights Association in Dallas in 1893 • Became the 1 st statewide female suffrage organization in Texas
Jane Mc. Callum • Women’s suffragist leader • Worked with the League of Women Voters of Texas • Texas Secretary of State 1927 -1933
Governor William P. Hobby • Sympathetic to the cause of Women’s suffrage • Made a deal with suffragists that his they would support him then he would push legislation that women could vote in State Primary elections • Women could vote in Texas State Primary elections only. 2 years before all women could vote (nationally).
Many people didn’t want women to have the right to vote. Why?
st n i Aga Anti - Suffrage There were groups trying to stop women from getting their rights
These pamphlets were often passed out. e r a at ying h W r t y e h t ? y a s o t What else does it say?
What else did the pamphlet say? ► BECAUSE 90% of the women either do not want it, or do not care. ► BECAUSE it means competition of women with men instead of cooperation. ► BECAUSE 86% of the women eligible to vote are married and can only double or annul their husband’s votes. ► BECAUSE it can be of no benefit commensurate with the additional expense involved. ► BECAUSE in some States more voting women than voting men will place the Government under petticoat rule. ► BECAUSE it is unwise to risk the good we already have for the evil which may occur.
NYC Parade: 6 May 1912 Only Daddy can vote!
‘Election Day’ 1. Explain the message of this cartoon. 2. What do you think the artist hoped to accomplish?
The th 19 Amendment It was ratified on August 18, 1920
Amendment XIX (19) • “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of [gender]. ”
n Read 545 Women Win the Vote pg. 543 -