William Shakespeare Romeo Juliet His life William Shakespeare

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William Shakespeare Romeo & Juliet

William Shakespeare Romeo & Juliet

His life • William Shakespeare (1564 -1616) • Born in Stratford-upon-Avon • The exact

His life • William Shakespeare (1564 -1616) • Born in Stratford-upon-Avon • The exact date of his birth is unknown, but some believe he was born on April 23, 1564 • By the age of seven, William was able to read and write • William was an intellectual, though he didn't attend the university for various reasons. This upset some of his fellow playwrights because they believed that a dramatist should be educated

 • William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway (he was 18, she was 26). •

• William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway (he was 18, she was 26). • Anne was already three months pregnant. • Children: Susanna, Judith and Hamnet Hament dies at the age of 11

 • Now, with a family of three and a wife to take care

• Now, with a family of three and a wife to take care of, Shakespeare took off to London. • he became quite a successful player in London

 • In January 1593, the plague forced many London theaters to close •

• In January 1593, the plague forced many London theaters to close • Becomes key member of an acting troupe known as “Lord Chamberlain’s Men” • Performed at the Globe Theater • The theater held 2500 people

 • William Shakespeare died in Stratford-upon. Avon the same date that he was

• William Shakespeare died in Stratford-upon. Avon the same date that he was born, April 23, 1616 at the age of 52

A VERY brief history of the times • Europe is split during the 16

A VERY brief history of the times • Europe is split during the 16 th century • The Reformations - Catholics & Protestants • Henry VIII of England is having several issues with the Catholic church, the least of which is he wants to divorce his wife Catherine of Aragon (Spanish) because she won’t have a male heir. • In the meantime he starts the Church of England (Anglican) and makes himself the head of the church. • Separation granted! Henry moves onto Anne Boleyn… 3 years later…she is beheaded

The further adventures of Henry • New wife! Jane Seymour…finally produces a male heir

The further adventures of Henry • New wife! Jane Seymour…finally produces a male heir named Edward. • What happened to Jane? • She died. • Three more wives… • Unsuccessful conflicts that cost lots of $$$$ • Religious issues

 • Henry’s pride and joy Edward takes over • The young Protestant King

• Henry’s pride and joy Edward takes over • The young Protestant King catches Tuberculosis and dies. • Who is next in line to the thrown? • The daughter of Catherine of Aragon • MARY - as in Bloody Mary

1553 - 1558 • First female monarch of England • Known for her fierce

1553 - 1558 • First female monarch of England • Known for her fierce treatment of Protestants, many were burned at the stake • She - and her Spanish husband - were HATED by the English • Childless she dies and in comes Elizabeth I

Queen Elizabeth • “The Virgin Queen” is considered one of the country's most successful

Queen Elizabeth • “The Virgin Queen” is considered one of the country's most successful and popular monarchs • Elizabeth was a different kind of Queen: quick-witted, clever and able to use feminine wiles to get her own way. • November 17, 1558 she became Queen • She never married and once said, “I am already bound unto a husband which is the Kingdom of England. ”

 • Knew the religious issue could, and would, separate her nation something other

• Knew the religious issue could, and would, separate her nation something other Monarchs hoped for she acted diplomatically. Although Protestant she employed Catholics and ushered in an era of religious tolerance. • Died on March 24, 1603

Niccolo Machiavelli • • 1469 - 1547 Political Philosopher The Prince "The ends justify

Niccolo Machiavelli • • 1469 - 1547 Political Philosopher The Prince "The ends justify the means. " • The Skillful Archer • His philosophies have since been employed by governments, businesses and even the occasional teacher.

 • Ben Jonson (1572 -1637) • John Donne (1572 -1631) • Edmund Spenser

• Ben Jonson (1572 -1637) • John Donne (1572 -1631) • Edmund Spenser (1552 -1599 • Sir Walter (1552 - 1618) Raleigh • Christopher Marlowe (1564 - 1593)

Important people of the day • Nicolaus Copernicus (1473 - 1543) • Francis Bacon

Important people of the day • Nicolaus Copernicus (1473 - 1543) • Francis Bacon (1561 - 1626) • Martin Luther (1483 - 1546)

In other words Shakespeare is not “culture” but truly is pop culture!

In other words Shakespeare is not “culture” but truly is pop culture!