Who What How and Why of Building Perry

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Who, What, How and Why of Building Perry Gross Parsons Brinckerhoff

Who, What, How and Why of Building Perry Gross Parsons Brinckerhoff

Our “Built” Environment

Our “Built” Environment

Projects – Who “Builds” What Public Sector (Governments) • Government office buildings • Transportation

Projects – Who “Builds” What Public Sector (Governments) • Government office buildings • Transportation (Roads, Bridges, Tunnels, Transit, Airports) • Civil projects (water treatment, sewage) • Education buildings (Schools, Colleges, State Universities) • Most hospitals Private Sector (Companies, Developers, and Individuals) • Most housing – houses, apartments, condos • Shopping centers, malls • Multi-tenant office buildings • Manufacturing buildings • Some Colleges, Universities

How / Why Do Projects Get Built? Nee d Approv al Fundi ng Desig

How / Why Do Projects Get Built? Nee d Approv al Fundi ng Desig n Constructi on Use Public Sector Private Sector § Obligation to public §Sees an opportunity § Is it planned? In budget? §Tax revenues from public § In-house staff or Consult- ants design, produce plans §Takes bids from all contractors. Selects lowest § Services to the publicbidder. schools, utilities, roads, public buildings § Will it produce revenue? § Borrow $$ from bank § Same - Use in-house or hire consultants § Pre-qualify contractorsnegotiate $$ § Owner/Developer rents to tenants, sells after X years

Project Organiztion Project Owner Project Developer Construction Manager Construction Lead Design Firm Contractor Architect

Project Organiztion Project Owner Project Developer Construction Manager Construction Lead Design Firm Contractor Architect Consultants • Civil Engineers • Structural • Mechanical • Electrical • Environmental • Exteriors • Specialties Subcontractors • Civil/Foundations • Structural Steel • Concrete • Electrical/Lighting • Mechanical • Environmental • Finishes/Metals • Exterior Skin • Roofing • Elevators • Communications • Landscaping • Painting • Furnishings +++

Property Taxes The Public Budget Various Fees Income Taxes Sales Taxes

Property Taxes The Public Budget Various Fees Income Taxes Sales Taxes

Taxes, Fees In Public Works The Public Budget Health and Welfare Schools Administration Public

Taxes, Fees In Public Works The Public Budget Health and Welfare Schools Administration Public Safety

Developer / Owner Borrows Funds From: Private Lending Firm, e. g. • • Private

Developer / Owner Borrows Funds From: Private Lending Firm, e. g. • • Private Funding for Private Projects Mortgage Company; Development Bank; Investor Group; Pension Fund, etc. Hires and Pays: Land Owners, Architects, Engineers, Contractors, Suppliers, Others Repays Loan with Revenue from Building’s Use