Who supports the carbon neutrality net zero long

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Who supports the carbon neutrality/ net zero long term goal? 8 February 2015

Who supports the carbon neutrality/ net zero long term goal? 8 February 2015

What is the long term goal (LTG)? • Article 2 of the UNFCCC requires

What is the long term goal (LTG)? • Article 2 of the UNFCCC requires all Parties to avoid dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system • All UNFCCC parties have committed to a long term goal to limit global warming to less than 20 C above pre-industrial levels and to consider strengthening this goal to 1. 50 C • Many Parties now want to translate the agreed 20 C temperature goal into a more practical emissions-based phase out goal in line with the latest science • A range of proposals have been put forward for inclusion in the text of the new agreement being negotiated for adoption in Paris in December 2015. • These include formulations such as: carbon neutrality, net zero emissions or full decarbonisation by 2050, mid-century or well before 2100. • Future ADP negotiations will consider precise language, placement, timeframe and how to recognize countries’ differing national circumstances in the context of the LTG

Who supports including the LTG in the 2015 Paris agreement? • Support is widespread

Who supports including the LTG in the 2015 Paris agreement? • Support is widespread with proponents coming from every major regional negotiating group and cutting across developed/developing country lines • Many other countries & groups have 2050 domestic goals/targets (e. g. USA and EU) and are open to considering a LTG in the Paris agreement • Only Saudi Arabia has opposed the idea of translating the LTG into an element for Paris

What is the total number of countries supporting the LTG? Representatives of nearly 120

What is the total number of countries supporting the LTG? Representatives of nearly 120 countries have expressed support for inclusion of the LTG in the Paris agreement including: • • Nauru, on behalf of 44 members of the “Today we have an obligation Alliance of Small Island States to succeed. The 2015 Paris (AOSIS) at ADP meetings in Lima, conference must enable us to COP 20 achieve a global agreement, Nepal, on behalf of 48 Least an ambitious agreement that Developed Countries at COP 20, Lima can ensure we reach what’s The EU on behalf of 27 countries at called carbon neutrality – that the UNFCCC ADP in Geneva is, greenhouse gas emissions Norway, Switzerland, Mexico, South compatible with the planet’s Africa, Chile, Costa Rica and absorption capabilities. ” Colombia have expressed support for LTG in the ADP and/or through their Heads of States at UN Secretary General’s Climate Summit, Sept 2014 President Hollande addressing the UN Climate Summit, September 2015

Least Developed Countries (LDC) Group “Mr. President…. the LDCs are still optimistic on achieving

Least Developed Countries (LDC) Group “Mr. President…. the LDCs are still optimistic on achieving a climate neutral future before the end of the Century. Our Group understands that, in our journey of combating the climate crisis and reaching a climate neutral world, we must make the right choices here in Lima and next year in Paris. We have a historical opportunity to make things right through the new Paris Protocol. ” “Total emissions need to reach zero between 2060 and 2080. This means we need urgent actions by all countries to reduce emissions. ” Statement made by Uganda on behalf of LDCs, ADP Ministerial, June 2014 Statement delivered by Dr. Govinder Raj Pokhrel, Vice Chair, National Planning Commission, Nepal on behalf of 48 countries of LDC Group Opening of the High Level Segment COP-20/CMP-10 Lima, Peru, 9 December 2014

Alliance Of Small Island States (AOSIS) “We find it very important and worthwhile that

Alliance Of Small Island States (AOSIS) “We find it very important and worthwhile that paragraph 13 (a) refers to the need for long-term decarbonisation pathways. These are critical for getting on track towards our agreed long term goal. More specifically…We are very keen and happy to see the reference to net zero emissions and/or full decarbonisation by 2050, which the latest science is telling us is necessary to achieve our long-term goal. ” Statement delivered by Nauru, on behalf of the 44 members of the Alliance of Small Island States, Lima ADP negotiations, 3 November 2014

Individual countries who have supported inclusion of the LTG in the Paris 2015 Treaty

Individual countries who have supported inclusion of the LTG in the Paris 2015 Treaty Country Group 1 Barbados AOSIS 2. Belgium EU 3. Bhutan LDCs 4. Chile AILAC 5. Colombia AILAC 6. Costa Rica AILAC 7. Denmark EU 8. Ethiopia LDCs/Africa 9 Finland EU 10. France 11. Country Group 17 Malawi LDCs/Africa 19. Marshall Islands AOSIS 20 Mexico Environmental Integrity Group 21. Monaco Environmental Integrity Group 22. Nauru AOSIS 23. Nepal LDC/Africa 24. Netherlands EU 25. New Zealand Umbrella 26. Norway Umbrella EU 27. Samoa AOSIS Gambia LDC/Africa 28. South Africa 12. Georgia CACAM 29. Sweden EU 13. Germany EU 30. Switzerland 14. Grenada AOSIS Environmental Integrity Group 15. Iceland Umbrella 31. Trinidad & Tobago AOSIS 16. Ireland EU 32. Uganda LDCs/Africa 33. United Kingdom EU

Widespread Support From Negotiating Groups AOSIS (44) Cook Islands Nauru * Niue Palau Fiji

Widespread Support From Negotiating Groups AOSIS (44) Cook Islands Nauru * Niue Palau Fiji Guyana Papua New Guinea * Suriname Bahamas Barbados * Grenada * Jamaica Marshall Islands * Singapore Saint Kits Saint Lucia Tonga Belize Dominica Maldives (Chair) Cuba Dominican Republic ✚ AILAC Colombia * Costa Rica * (6) Chile * Peru Guatemala Panama AFRICAN GROUP (52) Egypt Morocco Namibia South Africa * Swaziland Cape Verde Tunisia Mauritius Zimbabwe Seychelles Cameroon Togo Congo Observers Burkina Faso Benin Ghana Mali U. S. Virgin Islands Mauritania Guinea-Bissau Kenya Netherlands Antilles Mozambique Burundi Comoros Nigeria Chad American Samoa Equatorial Sao Tome & Algeria Liberia Djibouti Guam Guinea Principe Libya Lesotho Eritrea Puerto Rico Rwanda Cote d’Ivoire Uganda * Kiribati Ethiopia* Senegal Angola Tuvalu Gambia Somalia Solomon Islands Guinea (Chair) Sudan Haiti South Sudan Central African Timor-Leste Republic Tanzania Vanuatu D. R. Congo Malawi * Niger Zambia Sierra Leone Bangladesh Madagascar Afghanistan Bhutan * Cambodia Lao P. D. R. Myanmar Nepal * Yemen Trinidad and Tobago * Antigua and Barbuda Saint Vincent & the Grenadines Federated States of Micronesia Samoa * LDCs (48) * Countries who have supported inclusion of a long term goal • AOSIS + LDCs = 83 countries, are both + Not a full member of AILAC, associates with positions

Widespread Support From Negotiating Groups Umbrella (9) Australia Canada Iceland * Japan New Zealand

Widespread Support From Negotiating Groups Umbrella (9) Australia Canada Iceland * Japan New Zealand * Norway * Russia Ukraine United States EU (27)* Supports LTG/net zero goal as a whole France * Austria Netherlands * Germany * Belgium * Portugal Finland * Bulgaria Romania Greece Slovakia Lithuania Hungary Czech Luxemburg Ireland * Republic Slovenia Malta Cyprus Spain Italy Estonia Denmark *Sweden * Latvia United Estonia Kingdom * Poland Environmental Integrity Group (5) Mexico * Switzerland * Lichtenstein South Korea Monaco * CACAM (7) Albania Armenia Georgia * Kazakhstan Republic of Moldova Turkmenistan Uzbekistan *Countries supportive of inclusion of a long term goal in the Paris agreement

For resources and links relating to the long term goal (net zero): http: //track

For resources and links relating to the long term goal (net zero): http: //track 0. org @ontrack 0 @farhanaclimate