where wherever Cross the stream where it is

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类型 连词 地点状语 where, 从句 wherever 例句 Cross the stream where it is the

类型 连词 地点状语 where, 从句 wherever 例句 Cross the stream where it is the shallowest. 从最浅的地 方过河。 We'll go wherever you say. 你说的任何地方我们都去。 when, while, after, I'll phone you as soon as I arrive in Shanghai. 我一到上 before, 时间状语 since, till, 从句 海就给你打电话。 I waited till/until he came back. 我一直等到他回来。 until, as I'll tell him when he comes. 当他来的时候, 我将告诉他。 soon as, Whenever we're in trouble, they'll help us. 无论何时我 whenever, 们有麻烦, 他们都会帮助我们。 ever since

类型 连词 例句 Susan didn't come to school yesterday because she was 原因状 语

类型 连词 例句 Susan didn't come to school yesterday because she was 原因状 语 从句 as, because, since, now that ill. 苏珊昨天没来上学, 因为她病了。 Since her brother was busy, he didn't come. 她哥哥因为忙 没有来。 Now that you have finished your homework, you can play basketball. 既然你已经完成了家庭作业, 你可以打篮球。 条件状 if, 语 从句 You won't pass the exam unless you work harder. unless, as 如果不更加努力学习, 你将通不过考试。 long as I don't mind as long as it doesn't rain. 只要不下雨就行了。

类型 连词 例句 than, 比较状 as…as…, This book is more interesting than that one.

类型 连词 例句 than, 比较状 as…as…, This book is more interesting than that one. 这本书比那本 语 从句 not 书有趣。 so/as…as Maths is as important as physics. 数学和物理同样重要。 … 目的状 语 从句 in case, She stood up so that she might see more clearly. 她站起来 so that, 以便能看得更清楚。 in order Take a hat with you in case the sun is very hot. 随身带一顶 that 帽子, 以防太晒。

类型 结果状 语 从句 连词 He was so angry that he couldn't speak. so…that…,

类型 结果状 语 从句 连词 He was so angry that he couldn't speak. so…that…, 他是如此生气, 以至于说不出话来。 such…that… She is such a lovely girl that everyone loves her. 她是一个如此可爱的女孩, 大家都喜欢她。 although, 让步状 语 从句 例句 though, even though, no matter, whatever, whoever Though it was late, we went on working. 虽然晚了, 但 是我们继续 作。 No matter what the weather is like, they will go out to have sports tomorrow. 无论天气怎样, 他们明天都将出去进行体育运动。

3. so…that…和such…that…的用法 用法 例句 so+形容词或副词+that She is so lovely that we all love her.

3. so…that…和such…that…的用法 用法 例句 so+形容词或副词+that She is so lovely that we all love her. 她如此可爱, 我们所 从句 有人都喜欢她。 so+形容词+a/an+可数 It is so interesting a book that he enjoys reading it. 名词单数+that从句 so+many/few+可数名 词复数+that从句 如此有趣的一本书, 他很喜欢读。 There were so many people in the supermarket that we had to wait for a long time. 超市里的人如此多, 我们 不得不等了很长时间。 so+much/little(少)+不 He has so much money that he can afford the house. 可数名词+that从句 他有那么多的钱, 能买得起这座房子。

用法 例句 such+a/an(+形容词)+可 He is such a good teacher that we all respect him.

用法 例句 such+a/an(+形容词)+可 He is such a good teacher that we all respect him. 数名词单数+that从句 他是那么好的一位老师, 我们所有人都尊重他。 such(+形容词)+可数名词 复数+that从句 such(+形容词)+不可数名 词+that从句 They are such interesting movies that children love them very much. 如此有趣的电影, 孩子们非常喜欢它们。 It was such bad weather that we had to stay at home. 天气太糟糕了, 我们不得不待在家里。

考点一 关系代词的用法 关系代词 例句 He wrote down the things that were talked about at the

考点一 关系代词的用法 关系代词 例句 He wrote down the things that were talked about at the that在从句中作主 meeting. (作主语) 他写下了在会议上讨论的事情。 语或宾语 I will never forget the man that I saw last year. (作宾语) 我永远不会忘记我去年见到的那个人。 This is the novel which is written in English. (作主语) which在从句中作 主语或宾语 这是那本用英语写的小说。 The letter which I received yesterday was from a friend of mine. (作宾语) 我昨天收到的信来自我的一个朋友。

(续表) 关系代词 whose意为“谁的”, 是一 个属格词。当先行词是人 时, whose相当于“of whom”; 当先行词是物时 , whose相当于“of which” 例句 He

(续表) 关系代词 whose意为“谁的”, 是一 个属格词。当先行词是人 时, whose相当于“of whom”; 当先行词是物时 , whose相当于“of which” 例句 He is the only student in our class whose father is a policeman. =He is the only student in our class, the father of whom is a policeman. 他是我们班唯一一个父亲是警察的学生。

(续表) 关系副词 例句 关系副词与关系代词的转换: ·when=介词+which  I still remember the year when I entered school.

(续表) 关系副词 例句 关系副词与关系代词的转换: ·when=介词+which  I still remember the year when I entered school. (when=in which)我仍然记得 我进校的那一年。 ·where=介词+which  This is the factory where my father works. (where=in which) 这是我父亲 作的 厂。 ·why=for which  That is the reason why he didn't come to school. (why=for which) 那是他没来 上学的原因。

【比较】 1. This is the place where I spent my childhood. (表地点, 在定语从句中作 地点状语)

【比较】 1. This is the place where I spent my childhood. (表地点, 在定语从句中作 地点状语) This is the place which/that I visited last summer. (在定语从句中作 visited的宾语) 2. I'll never forget the days which/that we spent together. (在定语从句 中作spent 的宾语) I'll never forget the days when we lived together in the country. (表时 间, 在定语从句中作时间状语)

3. The reason which/that he gave is that he got up late. (在定语从句中 作gave的宾语)

3. The reason which/that he gave is that he got up late. (在定语从句中 作gave的宾语) The reason why he was late is that he got up late. (表原因, 在定语从句中 作原因状语)

|宾语从句| A 1. [2015·衡阳]—I wonder     . —Maybe she had something important to do. A.

|宾语从句| A 1. [2015·衡阳]—I wonder     . —Maybe she had something important to do. A. why she left early B. why did she leave early 对 接 中 考 专 练 C. why left she early B 2. [2015·娄底]—Do you know    ? —Sorry, I don't know. A. how old is he     B. how old he is C. how old does he A 3. [2016·衡阳]My neighbor asked me     I heard the big noise last night or not. A. whether B. if C. what

B 4. [2017·益阳]Could you please tell me    ? A. how old are you B. when

B 4. [2017·益阳]Could you please tell me    ? A. how old are you B. when he will come back C. where is he from 对 接 中 考 专 练 B 5. [2018·益阳]—Could you tell me     ? —I'm not sure, maybe tomorrow. A. when does he leave for Changsha B. when he is leaving for Changsha C. when is he leaving for Changsha 考查宾语从句。宾语从句中, 从句部分要用陈述语序。A、C两项为疑问语序。 故选B。

B 6. [2018·长沙]—Does anybody want to share     on Father's Day? —Guess what? I'll write

B 6. [2018·长沙]—Does anybody want to share     on Father's Day? —Guess what? I'll write a poem for my dad. A. when will you shop B. what you will do C. where you will go C 7. [2018·永州]—Excuse me, could you tell me     I can buy 对 接 中 考 专 练 something to eat? —There is a supermarket ahead. A. how B. what C. where C 8. [2018·湘潭]—Could you tell me     you will start your vacation? —In a week. A. how B. what C. when

C 10. [2018·岳阳]—Excuse me, do you know     ? —It closes at 9: 00 p.

C 10. [2018·岳阳]—Excuse me, do you know     ? —It closes at 9: 00 p. m. A. when does the bookstore close today 对 接 中 考 专 练 B. when the bookstore closes today C. when will the bookstore close today 考查宾语从句。宾语从句要用陈述语序, 而选项A和C的从句部分都用的是疑问 语序, 故排除。B项是陈述语序。故选B。

C 11. [2019·怀化]—Your sweater looks nice. Could you tell me     ? —Of course. Just

C 11. [2019·怀化]—Your sweater looks nice. Could you tell me     ? —Of course. Just at the stop near my school. A. where do you buy it  B. where did you buy it C. where you bought it 对 接 中 考 专 练 C 12. [2019·湘潭改编]—Can you tell me     on Father's Day? —Well…I made a card for my dad. A. when did you shop  B. where you go C. what you did A 13. [2019·湘西州]—Hi, Shirley. Could you tell me     ? —At 11: 30 tomorrow morning. A. when you will arrive C. where you will arrive B. when will you arrive

B 14. [2019·益阳]—Could you please tell me     I can buy some stamps? —Yes. There

B 14. [2019·益阳]—Could you please tell me     I can buy some stamps? —Yes. There is a post office on Center Street. A. why 对 接 中 考 专 练 B. where C. when B 15. [2019·邵阳]—Could you please tell me     mooncakes traditionally in China, Li Hua? —During the Mid-autumn Festival. A. when people ate     B. when people eat C. when do people eat

|状语从句| B 1. [2016·常德]You'll have a great time     you go to the party. A.

|状语从句| B 1. [2016·常德]You'll have a great time     you go to the party. A. so B. if C. although C 2. [2017·邵阳]     Lily is only five years old,     she can swim 对 接 中 考 专 练 very well. A. Though; but B. Because; so C. Though; / A 3. [2018·怀化]    you try your best, your dream will come true. A. If B. Or C. Though

4. [2019·邵阳]—Let's go climbing Langshan Mountain this B Saturday     the weather is fine. —Good

4. [2019·邵阳]—Let's go climbing Langshan Mountain this B Saturday     the weather is fine. —Good idea! 对 接 中 考 专 练 A. though B. if C. unless C 5. [2019·湘西州]—Xiao Lin, this desk is     heavy     I can't move it. —Don't worry. I'll help you. A. such; that B. too; to C. so; that

6. [2019·长沙]Life is like a story. What matters is not how long it is

6. [2019·长沙]Life is like a story. What matters is not how long it is but A     . A. how good it is     B. how good is it 对 接 中 考 专 练 C. what good it is 7. [2019·湘西州]—We should work hard. We'll never give B up.     China dream can come true. —I think so. Let's try our best. A. But B. And C. Or

|定语从句| B 1. [2016·永州]The woman     is talking with my mother is our class teacher.

|定语从句| B 1. [2016·永州]The woman     is talking with my mother is our class teacher. A. which 对 接 中 考 专 练 B. who C. whose 2. [2016·郴州]—Which invention do you like best? B —QQ. It is an invention     can help us communicate with others online freely. A. what B. that C. who B 3. [2017·湘潭]I can't find the shoes     I bought last week. So I have to buy another pair. A. who     B. which C. what

A 4. [2017·永州]Have you heard about the TV program Readers     is very popular now?

A 4. [2017·永州]Have you heard about the TV program Readers     is very popular now? A. which 对 接 中 考 专 练     B. who C. where B 5. [2017·岳阳]We should look up to those scientists     sent TianzhouⅠ Cargo Spaceship(天舟一号货运飞船) to space. A. which     B. who C. what A 6. [2017·株洲]The man     called yesterday wants to buy the house. A. who B. what C. which

B 7. [2017·怀化]—Do you know the man     is talking with our Chinese teacher? —Yes.

B 7. [2017·怀化]—Do you know the man     is talking with our Chinese teacher? —Yes. He is my uncle, Mr. King. 对 接 中 考 专 练 A. which B. who C. whom A 8. [2018·邵阳]The man     is talking to my math teacher is my father. A. who B. which C. what 考查定语从句。先行词The man表示人, 所以用who引导定语从句。故 选A。

9. [2018·株洲]People remember the first travelers from C England     came to live in America.

9. [2018·株洲]People remember the first travelers from C England     came to live in America. A. which 对 接 中 考 专 练 B. where C. who 考查定语从句。which在定语从句中指代“物”; where在定语从句中指代“地 点”; who在定语从句中指代“人”。此句中的先行词是the first travelers, 指 人。故选C。

A 11. [2019·株洲]We have decided to sell five things     we no longer use. A.

A 11. [2019·株洲]We have decided to sell five things     we no longer use. A. that 对 接 中 考 专 练 B. where C. who A 12. [2019·岳阳]I'll never forget the story     . A. that cheers me up     B. who cheers me up C. what cheers me up A 13. [2019·郴州]All the classmates enjoyed the cake     I made at the party. It was really delicious. A. that B. who C. what