Where does that comma go There are many

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“Where does that comma go? ? ? ” , , There are many different

“Where does that comma go? ? ? ” , , There are many different ways to use a comma! , , Let’s learn them all! , , , ,

Commas Save Lives! (LOL!!!) For Example… Let’s eat Grandpa! Let’s eat, Grandpa! Ahhh!

Commas Save Lives! (LOL!!!) For Example… Let’s eat Grandpa! Let’s eat, Grandpa! Ahhh!

Commas Save Lives • I love cooking my family and my pets. • I

Commas Save Lives • I love cooking my family and my pets. • I love cooking, my family, and my pets.

First of all… “What is a comma? ” , , , , Definition: Definition

First of all… “What is a comma? ” , , , , Definition: Definition Generally used to separate words or groups of words so that the meaning of the sentence is clear. Apostrophe Don’t get a comma confused with an apostrophe! Apostrophes are at the top; commas are at the bottom!

Rule #1: USE COMMAS FOR ITEMS IN A SERIES Words, Phrases, and Clauses in

Rule #1: USE COMMAS FOR ITEMS IN A SERIES Words, Phrases, and Clauses in a series are usually separated by commas to show the reader where one item in the series ends and the next begins. Words in a Series: Series In the early morning, the lake looked cold , , , , gray On the boat, we took extra clothes fishing poles and calm. and some snacks.

Phrases in a Series , , Checking his shoelaces fastening his helmet strap and

Phrases in a Series , , Checking his shoelaces fastening his helmet strap and , positioning his kneepads Evan prepared for the skateboarding competition. Where do the commas go? What is a phrase again? ! A group of words that does not have a S & V together

Clauses in a The lights dimmed Series , the curtain rose , and the

Clauses in a The lights dimmed Series , the curtain rose , and the play began. We didn’t know where we were going, how we would get there, or when we would arrive. What is a clause again? Where do the commas go? Group of words with a S & V. It can stand alone.

Use Commas to Separate 2 or More Adjectives Before a Noun , , ,

Use Commas to Separate 2 or More Adjectives Before a Noun , , , Welsh Corgis are stocky energetic dogs. These intelligent loyal playful pets always enjoy a challenge.

NOTE! Repeated Conjunction *If all of the items in a series are joined by

NOTE! Repeated Conjunction *If all of the items in a series are joined by and, or nor, do NOT use commas to separate them! and and or or Example I voted for Aly and Marin and Yousef in the student council election. or nor nor

STEPS: 1. Use your table groups 2. Take out a piece of paper: 1

STEPS: 1. Use your table groups 2. Take out a piece of paper: 1 per group. 3. Write down 1 sentence using words in a series, 1 sentence using phrases in a series, & 1 sentence using clauses in a series with commas used correctly. 4. All groups will then share aloud

Let’s Practice! Items in a Series! , Place commas where needed! 1. The delicate

Let’s Practice! Items in a Series! , Place commas where needed! 1. The delicate colorful wings of the hummingbird vibrate as many as two hundred times each second. , 2. The cool soft wind blew across the forest. , , 3. Last week I read the novel The Lucky Stone the short story Flowers for Algernon and the poem Legacy II. , , , , 4. I want to visit Thailand Nepal China and Japan. 5. I sanded the boards Jennifer , primed them and Paul painted them.

Rule # 2: Compound Sentences: Use a comma before a conjunction when it joins

Rule # 2: Compound Sentences: Use a comma before a conjunction when it joins independent clauses in a compound sentence. FANBOYS So For Yet And Or Nor But , I enjoyed A Christmas Carol but Romeo and Juliet is still my favorite play. I enjoy plays and movies. No comma needed b/c there are not 2 independent clauses. , I enjoy going to plays and my sister likes them too. 2 Indep. Clauses & a Conjunction so we need a comma!

Rule #3: Interrupters Use commas to set off an expression that interrupts a sentence

Rule #3: Interrupters Use commas to set off an expression that interrupts a sentence 2 commas are used with interrupters: 1 goes before the expression, and 1 goes after. What’s the interrupter? EXAMPLE: Elise born in Texas moved to Colorado before coming to Ohio. , , So where do the commas go?

Interrupters Continued… Some interrupting expressions come at the beginning or end of a sentence.

Interrupters Continued… Some interrupting expressions come at the beginning or end of a sentence. In this case, only 1 comma is needed. , Born in Texas Elise moved to Colorado before coming to Ohio. , The applications were mailed three days ago by the way. Where does the comma go?

Nonessential & Essential…there’s a difference Nonessential Definition: A. K. A. Needed & Not Needed

Nonessential & Essential…there’s a difference Nonessential Definition: A. K. A. Needed & Not Needed A phrase or clause that is not needed in a sentence. Doesn’t take away from the meaning. Example: This small turtle, crossing the street slowly, was in danger.

Essential Definition: NO COMMAS NEEDED! Adds info that makes the Noun or Pronoun it

Essential Definition: NO COMMAS NEEDED! Adds info that makes the Noun or Pronoun it identifies more specific. DO NOT SET OFF AN ESSENTIAL PHRASE!!! Example: All farmers growing the new hybrid corn should have a good harvest. We need this info or else the sentence changes meaning totally! SO… no commas needed!

Let’s Practice a Few… , , 1. Leonardo Dicaprio the actor has appeared in

Let’s Practice a Few… , , 1. Leonardo Dicaprio the actor has appeared in many films. 2. The composer Mozart wrote 5 short piano pieces when he was 6. Correct! , 3. The card game canasta is descended from mah-jongg an ancient Chinese game.

Use Commas to Set off Words of Direct Address Examples: Mrs. Clarkson, this package

Use Commas to Set off Words of Direct Address Examples: Mrs. Clarkson, this package is addressed to you. Do you know, Oliver, when the next bus is coming? I’d like to go now, Jeff.

Rule # 4: Introductory Words, Phrases, & Clauses Use a comma after certain introductory

Rule # 4: Introductory Words, Phrases, & Clauses Use a comma after certain introductory elements. Focusing on Words 1 st: Use a comma to set off a mild exclamation such as: well, oh, or why at the beginning of a sentence. Other words such as yes and no are also set off with commas! Examples: “Where should the comma go? ” , 2. Yes, I understand the problem. 1. Well I think we should ask for help.

Focusing on Introductory Phrases & Clauses Now… Use a comma after an introductory phrase

Focusing on Introductory Phrases & Clauses Now… Use a comma after an introductory phrase or clause. If an introductory prep. phrase is long, USE A COMMA! , Example: At night in the desert the temperature falls rapidly.

If an introductory prep. phrase is short, a comma MAY or MAY NOT be

If an introductory prep. phrase is short, a comma MAY or MAY NOT be used! EXAMPLES: In the morning, we’ll tour favorite sites. In the morning we’ll tour favorite sites. Either way works!!!

Commas with Verbal Phrases! Use a comma after a verbal phrase that introduces a

Commas with Verbal Phrases! Use a comma after a verbal phrase that introduces a sentence! Examples: Signaling the referee for a time out, the coach gathered her players for a pep talk. , To keep your bones strong be sure to eat foods rich in calcium. Reminder! Verbal phrases are phrases that use a verb, they include participles, gerunds, and infinitives.

Rule 5 – Dates, Locations, Addresses, Letters • Use a comma to separate the

Rule 5 – Dates, Locations, Addresses, Letters • Use a comma to separate the name of a city from a state or country. – We live in Boston, Massachusetts. • Use commas to separate the day of the week, day of the month, and the year. – Today is Tuesday, November 1 st, 2016.

RULE # 5: Conventional Situations (Dates, Addresses, Locations, Letters) 1. Dates & Addresses Where

RULE # 5: Conventional Situations (Dates, Addresses, Locations, Letters) 1. Dates & Addresses Where should the commas go in the following examples? January 7, 2010 Mike Jones 1456 Palm Lane , Lakewood California 87653

Fix any mistakes in the letter! 1113 Collins St , Fort Worth TX 76106

Fix any mistakes in the letter! 1113 Collins St , Fort Worth TX 76106 , September 16 2010 , Dear Aunt Sally What a great time I had at your house last week Your two dogs Buffy and Pepper certainly kept me entertained I’ve really missed taking them for walks and playing fetch When summer begins I could come visit again Anyway thank you very much for inviting me. , Sincerely ! , , James Nice Job!

Commas Continued… Rule 6. Use commas to set off “quotes” or what someone has

Commas Continued… Rule 6. Use commas to set off “quotes” or what someone has said. EXAMPLE: "The question is, " said Alice, "whether you can make words mean so many things. "

Commas in quotes Reminders • Remember, use commas if there are no exclamation points

Commas in quotes Reminders • Remember, use commas if there are no exclamation points or question marks. – “What a minute, ” said Sally, “we have a test today? !” • If the quote is dialogue and is ending the sentence, then use a period. – Thomas replied, “I don’t think you’re going to do very well. ”

Comma Confusion Rule 7. Use or do not use a comma to avoid confusion.

Comma Confusion Rule 7. Use or do not use a comma to avoid confusion. EXAMPLE of using comma: Outside the lawn was cluttered with hundreds of broken branches. Example - Outside, the lawn was cluttered with hundreds of broken branches.

Comma Confusion Example of do not use commas • The Giant Panda eats shoots

Comma Confusion Example of do not use commas • The Giant Panda eats shoots and leaves. • The Giant Panda eats, shoots, and leaves.

You are now a Conqueror of Commas!! May your Reign last a 1, 000

You are now a Conqueror of Commas!! May your Reign last a 1, 000 years!