- Slides: 37
What type of castle is this? Where is this?
Advantages Disadvantages Stone keep castles
What came next? Round shell keep castles
What were the advantages of shell keep castles? What were the disadvantages? Think-pair-share
How were these castles attacked?
Siege Tower Battering Ram
How were these used to attack castles? Add these to your disadvantages!
How were shell keep castles improved? Thicker keep castles
Thicker based castles Advantages Disadvantages
Thicker Base castles Projecting towers were added so that defenders could fire at any attackers who reached the bottom of the walls. The steep slopes created by the thicker base help prevent siege equipment being used against it. The walls at the base were made thicker which helped prevent the enemy mining underneath.
Disadvantages of Mangonel Trebuchet
Plenary • Write a question and answer related to the castles we have looked at. • Ask someone in the class your question and then let them ask you a question. • Once you’ve both answered you can swap questions and find someone else!
Starter - whiteboards
Finish off the advantages. . Projecting towers were added so that defenders could fire at any attackers who reached the bottom of the walls. The steep slopes created by the thicker base help prevent siege equipment being used against it. The walls at the base were made thicker which helped prevent the enemy mining underneath.
How did castle building improve? Lesson aim: To identify the advantages and disadvantages of concentric castles and cloverleaf castles.
How were thicker based castles were improved? What type of castle is this? Beaumaris Castle, Anglesey.
Concentric castles • Soldiers returning from the Crusades had seen these kinds of castles abroad and brought these ideas back with them.
What’s the advantage of having two walls?
Concentric castle walls Break through one wall = attackers could be trapped between the two and then killed. Inside wall was higher so defenders could fire things down at attackers.
Concentric castle towers Concentric Castles also had towers placed along the wall so that the defenders could see anyone attacking wherever they were.
They need to get to here once their in Gatehouse If an attacking army managed to get through the first gatehouse, they would be under attack by the castle's soldiers from all sides as they tried to get around to the gatehouse on the other side of the inner wall. Attackers could get in here
Weaknesses • Concentric castles were expensive! • Took a long time to build. • Walls could not stand up to cannon fire. • No roof
Cloverleaf castles • Protecting the coast against attacks • Housing guns • Earth absorbing impact of cannon fire • Occupied by an army • Thick walls Deal Castle, Kent
St. Mawes, Cornwall
Cloverleaf Castles • The advantages of a cloverleaf castle are. . .
Decline of castles. . • Battles rather than siege warfare • Comfort rather than defensive • Cannons • Government in London • Defence against countries on the coast
Plenary – Q&A
Medieval Estate Agents • You are an estate agents during medieval times! • You have been asked to create a poster for the new window display on your favourite castle. • This must include the features of this castle, the advantages and the disadvantages. Motte and Bailey Concentric Round shell stone keep Square stone keep Thicker based Clover leaf
Write a letter proposing your latest castle idea to King William! This must include. . • The advantages and disadvantages of at least 2 castles! • Include more castles if you can! • Challenge yourselves – think of a cool idea for a castle to propose to King William at the end!
Medieval estate agents?
Your name Neath Wales 19 th May 1075 King William London England Dear King William,