- Slides: 9
What is Geography? Introduction to Maps Mr Scully Year 7 Geography
Outcomes for this Lesson Describe what an Atlas is. Outline the types of maps that are used in an Atlas. Complete your worksheet.
Atlasses An atlas is a book containing maps and information about places on Earth. Most atlases also contain photographs, diagrams and graphs. Geographers frequently use an atlas to find detailed information about places. When you use an atlas, there are three different ways you can find places and information…
1 - The contents page is a list of the maps that are found in the atlas. It will help you locate broad areas such as continents or groups of countries. 2 - the index lists in alphabetical order all the countries, towns and cities, and other features found on the maps. The index tells you the page number for the map and the location on the map where you will find the place name you are seeking. 3 - From the maps themselves and from other visual material in the atlas. There are different types of maps in an atlas because they have a variety of purposes.
Physical Maps These maps show the physical landforms of a region, including patterns of mountain ranges, rivers and other physical features. Political boundaries are often not shown on physical maps. Variation in colour and shading are used to show height above sea level.
Political Maps These are maps that show different political regions in a different colour, with their borders marked by lines. The most common political maps are world maps and continent maps showing countries.
Topographic Maps These maps show relief or height above sea level using contour lines. They also show physical features such as forests, rivers and lakes, and cultural features such as roads, railways and settlements. This type of map is useful for bushwalking, planning roads and checking the steepness of slopes.
Thematic Maps A wide range of themes can be shown in map form, such as how temperature, agriculture or incomes vary over an area.
Skills Work Complete your worksheet.