- Slides: 18
What is Economics?
Economics n Study of how people seek to satisfy their needs and wants by making choices.
Dissecting the Definition n Needs: something like air, food, shelter that is necessary for survival n Wants: an item that we desire but that is not essential to survival
Additional Info/Vocabulary Terms n. Allocate to divide among or distribute in shares q
Activity n n In your groups, answer as many questions correctly as you can. Each correct answer gets bonus points for your team! Now, decide how you would allocate your bonus points between your group members q q q How many different ways could you allocate your resources? Which method did you choose and is it fair? Is every member of your group satisfied?
Additional Info/Vocabulary Terms n. Resources the means to accomplish something q
Econ’s No. 1 Problem… n Scarcity: q When there is not as much of a good or service as everyone wants. n Do you have as much money as you could possibly want? n When the new i. Pad/i. Phone hits the market, is it immediately available for everyone?
How do you deal with scarcity? n Everyday you are making tons of economic decisions; more commonly referred to as choices. q n What are some choices you have made today? This week? This year? What information do you weigh when making a decision or choice? q Want vs. Need, cost, efficiency, items you are missing out on, etc.
Microeconomics q Study of economic behavior & decision making of small units, such as individuals, families, & businesses Individual decision making is micro (small) q
Macroeconomics q Study of economic behavior & decision making of entire economies q. Examines major trends for the economy as a whole q. Societal decision making is macro (large)
Three Basic Questions? ? ? n In economics there are 3 basic questions that every country must answer… What to produce? q How to produce? q For whom should we produce? q
Economic Systems n. A set of rules by which a nation answers the basic questions of what, how, and for whom.
Types of Economic Systems n Traditional n Command n Market n Mixed
Traditional n Decisions are based mostly on customs n Difficult to change n Mostly in underdeveloped countries/3 rd world countries n Example: Chad
Command n Government ownership & control of production n Government makes ALL decisions n 2 main types Socialism & Communism n Example: North Korea
Market n Means of production are owned & controlled by private individuals or groups n Government plays a small role n Market determines how resources are used n Cannot be found today
Additional Info/Vocabulary Terms n. Division of Labor q. Separate the process of production into specific tasks
Additional Info/Vocabulary Terms n. Specialization Concentrate labor on single tasks q